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Direct numerical simulation of flame/spontaneous ignition interaction fueled with hydrogen under SACI engine conditions

Zhang, F. LU ; Yu, R. LU ; Bai, X. S. LU ; Yao, M. and Peng, ZQ (2017) In International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 42(6). p.3842-3852
Abstract

In spark assisted homogeneous charge compression ignition (SACI) engines a premixed flame is first established; the propagating flame results in compression heating of the end gas and finally auto-ignition of the gas. Two dimensional direct numerical simulation (2D DNS) and one dimensional (1D) detailed simulations of flame/spontaneous ignition interaction in a lean hydrogen/air mixture under a constant volume enclosure relevant to SACI engine conditions are performed using detailed chemistry and detailed transport properties. In a 2D outward propagating spherical flame, thermal-diffusive instability is observed and once auto-ignition starts a low temperature region in the preheat zone of the flame is formed. Subsequently, the ignition... (More)

In spark assisted homogeneous charge compression ignition (SACI) engines a premixed flame is first established; the propagating flame results in compression heating of the end gas and finally auto-ignition of the gas. Two dimensional direct numerical simulation (2D DNS) and one dimensional (1D) detailed simulations of flame/spontaneous ignition interaction in a lean hydrogen/air mixture under a constant volume enclosure relevant to SACI engine conditions are performed using detailed chemistry and detailed transport properties. In a 2D outward propagating spherical flame, thermal-diffusive instability is observed and once auto-ignition starts a low temperature region in the preheat zone of the flame is formed. Subsequently, the ignition in the preheat zone is suppressed. Then 1D flame/ignition interactions in H2/air, syngas/air and methane/air mixtures are studied using detailed numerical simulations. The results reveal that due to preferential diffusion of hydrogen, heat and mass transfer in the preheat zone inhibits the ignition process, yielding a slower reaction rate hence an even lower temperature in the region. It is shown further that the low temperature region is not affected by the domain size and one step chemistry but it will disappear at very low initial temperature conditions. This is due to the absence of auto-ignition under low temperature conditions.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Direct numerical simulation, Flame/ignition interaction, Hydrogen, SACI engines, Thermal-diffusive instability
in
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
volume
42
issue
6
pages
11 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85009167934
  • wos:000396971400033
ISSN
0360-3199
DOI
10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.11.124
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e77d5495-7e0b-43dc-bdf3-3a539989492d
date added to LUP
2017-04-19 12:53:01
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:59:46
@article{e77d5495-7e0b-43dc-bdf3-3a539989492d,
  abstract     = {<p>In spark assisted homogeneous charge compression ignition (SACI) engines a premixed flame is first established; the propagating flame results in compression heating of the end gas and finally auto-ignition of the gas. Two dimensional direct numerical simulation (2D DNS) and one dimensional (1D) detailed simulations of flame/spontaneous ignition interaction in a lean hydrogen/air mixture under a constant volume enclosure relevant to SACI engine conditions are performed using detailed chemistry and detailed transport properties. In a 2D outward propagating spherical flame, thermal-diffusive instability is observed and once auto-ignition starts a low temperature region in the preheat zone of the flame is formed. Subsequently, the ignition in the preheat zone is suppressed. Then 1D flame/ignition interactions in H<sub>2</sub>/air, syngas/air and methane/air mixtures are studied using detailed numerical simulations. The results reveal that due to preferential diffusion of hydrogen, heat and mass transfer in the preheat zone inhibits the ignition process, yielding a slower reaction rate hence an even lower temperature in the region. It is shown further that the low temperature region is not affected by the domain size and one step chemistry but it will disappear at very low initial temperature conditions. This is due to the absence of auto-ignition under low temperature conditions.</p>},
  author       = {Zhang, F. and Yu, R. and Bai, X. S. and Yao, M. and Peng, ZQ},
  issn         = {0360-3199},
  keyword      = {Direct numerical simulation,Flame/ignition interaction,Hydrogen,SACI engines,Thermal-diffusive instability},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {3842--3852},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {International Journal of Hydrogen Energy},
  title        = {Direct numerical simulation of flame/spontaneous ignition interaction fueled with hydrogen under SACI engine conditions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.11.124},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2017},
}