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Not now but later - A qualitative study of non-exercising pregnant women's views and experiences of exercise

Ekelin, Maria LU ; Langeland Iversen, Mette; Grønbæk Backhausen, Mette and Hegaard, Hanne Kristine LU (2018) In BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 18(1).
Abstract

Background: Evidence has shown that there are several physical and mental advantages of exercise during pregnancy. Despite this, the recommendations for exercise during pregnancy are poorly fulfilled. The aim of this study was to illuminate non-exercising pregnant women's views and experiences concerning exercise before and during pregnancy. Method: The study had a qualitative design with an inductive approach and was analysed by content analysis. A total of 16 individual and face-to-face interviews were conducted with healthy pregnant women, mainly in the third trimester and living in Sweden. The participating women had not been exercising 3 months before pregnancy or during pregnancy. Results: The main category "Insurmountable now,... (More)

Background: Evidence has shown that there are several physical and mental advantages of exercise during pregnancy. Despite this, the recommendations for exercise during pregnancy are poorly fulfilled. The aim of this study was to illuminate non-exercising pregnant women's views and experiences concerning exercise before and during pregnancy. Method: The study had a qualitative design with an inductive approach and was analysed by content analysis. A total of 16 individual and face-to-face interviews were conducted with healthy pregnant women, mainly in the third trimester and living in Sweden. The participating women had not been exercising 3 months before pregnancy or during pregnancy. Results: The main category "Insurmountable now, but possible in the future" was based on the four categories: "Lost and lack of routines", "Feelings of inadequacy", "Having a different focus" and "Need for support". The women experienced that their lack of routines was a major barrier that prevented them from exercising. Other factors that contributed were, for example, pregnancy-related problems, long working days and prioritizing family life. The women described it as difficult to combine exercise with their focus on the pregnancy and they missed continuous support from the antenatal care provider. The women expressed a need for suggestions concerning exercise during pregnancy and follow-up on previous counselling, especially when pregnancy-related issues arose. Information about easily accessible alternatives or simple home exercises was requested. They felt immobile and were not satisfied with their inactivity and tried to partly compensate with everyday activities. The women identified the postpartum period as an important possibility for becoming more active, for their own sake, but also because they wanted to become role models for their children. Conclusion: Continuous support during pregnancy is needed concerning exercise. Pregnancy is mostly a barrier that prevents exercise for this group of women but, at the same time, may be a motivator and a possibility for better health. As the result showed that these women were highly motivated to a life-style change post-pregnancy, it may be crucial to support previously non-exercising women postpartum.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Exercise, Experience, Health behaviour, Pregnancy, Sedentary lifestyle
in
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
volume
18
issue
1
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • scopus:85054780377
ISSN
1471-2393
DOI
10.1186/s12884-018-2035-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e9191d35-a974-481c-9028-a5b63e44bf8b
date added to LUP
2018-10-30 12:50:31
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:33:53
@article{e9191d35-a974-481c-9028-a5b63e44bf8b,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: Evidence has shown that there are several physical and mental advantages of exercise during pregnancy. Despite this, the recommendations for exercise during pregnancy are poorly fulfilled. The aim of this study was to illuminate non-exercising pregnant women's views and experiences concerning exercise before and during pregnancy. Method: The study had a qualitative design with an inductive approach and was analysed by content analysis. A total of 16 individual and face-to-face interviews were conducted with healthy pregnant women, mainly in the third trimester and living in Sweden. The participating women had not been exercising 3 months before pregnancy or during pregnancy. Results: The main category "Insurmountable now, but possible in the future" was based on the four categories: "Lost and lack of routines", "Feelings of inadequacy", "Having a different focus" and "Need for support". The women experienced that their lack of routines was a major barrier that prevented them from exercising. Other factors that contributed were, for example, pregnancy-related problems, long working days and prioritizing family life. The women described it as difficult to combine exercise with their focus on the pregnancy and they missed continuous support from the antenatal care provider. The women expressed a need for suggestions concerning exercise during pregnancy and follow-up on previous counselling, especially when pregnancy-related issues arose. Information about easily accessible alternatives or simple home exercises was requested. They felt immobile and were not satisfied with their inactivity and tried to partly compensate with everyday activities. The women identified the postpartum period as an important possibility for becoming more active, for their own sake, but also because they wanted to become role models for their children. Conclusion: Continuous support during pregnancy is needed concerning exercise. Pregnancy is mostly a barrier that prevents exercise for this group of women but, at the same time, may be a motivator and a possibility for better health. As the result showed that these women were highly motivated to a life-style change post-pregnancy, it may be crucial to support previously non-exercising women postpartum.</p>},
  articleno    = {399},
  author       = {Ekelin, Maria and Langeland Iversen, Mette and Grønbæk Backhausen, Mette and Hegaard, Hanne Kristine},
  issn         = {1471-2393},
  keyword      = {Exercise,Experience,Health behaviour,Pregnancy,Sedentary lifestyle},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth},
  title        = {Not now but later - A qualitative study of non-exercising pregnant women's views and experiences of exercise},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2035-3},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2018},
}