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Comparative construal for vicarious sensory and emotive experience

Paradis, Carita LU and Hartman, Jenny LU (2017) Metaphor in discourse across modes and contexts
Abstract
While comparative construal (categorization, analogy and metaphorization) has been the subject of considerable research in linguistics, psychology, and cognitive science, comparatively little attention has been given to its role in emotive and sensory knowledge transfer (Thagard & Shelley 2006: 27). This paper proposes an explanatory framework for comparative construal in the form of a three-dimensional similarity space (Hartman & Paradis forthcoming). The similarity space constitutes an extension of the cognitive semantic framework LOC (Lexical Meaning as Ontologies and Construals, Paradis 2005) through the addition of a dimension for intersubjective evaluation (LOC-SS). The basic premise is that wordings are cues that evoke... (More)
While comparative construal (categorization, analogy and metaphorization) has been the subject of considerable research in linguistics, psychology, and cognitive science, comparatively little attention has been given to its role in emotive and sensory knowledge transfer (Thagard & Shelley 2006: 27). This paper proposes an explanatory framework for comparative construal in the form of a three-dimensional similarity space (Hartman & Paradis forthcoming). The similarity space constitutes an extension of the cognitive semantic framework LOC (Lexical Meaning as Ontologies and Construals, Paradis 2005) through the addition of a dimension for intersubjective evaluation (LOC-SS). The basic premise is that wordings are cues that evoke meanings in conceptual space (Zwaan 2004, Gärdenfors 2014, Caballero & Paradis 2015, Paradis 2005, 2015a, 2015b). In demonstrating the utility of the framework, the study explores experiential comparative construals, notably similes such as It is like…, Imagine,.., drawn from a corpus of narratives on Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Tourette Syndrome (TS). It considers the kinds of meaning structures involved in establishing correspondences between sources and targets; the kinds of experience that constitute sources and targets; and the sensory modalities, bodily sensations, and emotions that the imagery appeals to in order to evoke an emotive/sensory response in the reader and to trigger corresponding vicarious experiential simulations.
References
Caballero, R. & Paradis, C. (2015). Making sense of sensory perceptions across languages and cultures. Functions of Language 22(1), 1–19.
Gärdenfors, P. (2014). The geometry of meaning: Semantics based on conceptual spaces. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Hartman, J. & Paradis, C. (forthcoming) Emotive and sensory transfer through comparative construal.
Paradis, C. (2005). Ontologies and construals in lexical semantics. Axiomathes 15, 541–573.
Paradis, C. (2015a). Conceptual Spaces at work in sensory cognition. In Zenker, F. & Gärdenfors, P. (Eds.) Applications of Conceptual spaces: The case for geometric knowledge representation (pp. 33–55). Dordrecht: Springer.
Paradis, C. (2015b). Meanings of words: Theory and application. In Haß, U. & Storjohann, P. (Eds.), Handbuch Wort und Wortschatz 3 (pp. 274–293). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Thagard, P. & Shelley, C. (2006). Emotional analogies and analogical inference. In Thagard, P. (Ed.), Hot thought: Mechanisms and applications of emotional cognition. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Zwaan, R. A. (2004). The immersed experiencer: Toward an embodied theory of language comprehension. In B. H. Ross (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation, volume 44 (pp. 32–65). New York: Academic Press.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
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Contribution to conference
publication status
in press
subject
keywords
simile, analogy, neurodevelopmental disorders, narratives, similarity
conference name
Metaphor in discourse across modes and contexts
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ef97ea84-4b18-42c4-88d7-82a4bf639cd0
date added to LUP
2017-06-13 22:58:33
date last changed
2017-09-07 17:07:55
@misc{ef97ea84-4b18-42c4-88d7-82a4bf639cd0,
  abstract     = {While comparative construal (categorization, analogy and metaphorization) has been the subject of considerable research in linguistics, psychology, and cognitive science, comparatively little attention has been given to its role in emotive and sensory knowledge transfer (Thagard &amp; Shelley 2006: 27). This paper proposes an explanatory framework for comparative construal in the form of a three-dimensional similarity space (Hartman &amp; Paradis forthcoming). The similarity space constitutes an extension of the cognitive semantic framework LOC (Lexical Meaning as Ontologies and Construals, Paradis 2005) through the addition of a dimension for intersubjective evaluation (LOC-SS). The basic premise is that wordings are cues that evoke meanings in conceptual space (Zwaan 2004, Gärdenfors 2014, Caballero &amp; Paradis 2015, Paradis 2005, 2015a, 2015b). In demonstrating the utility of the framework, the study explores experiential comparative construals, notably similes such as It is like…, Imagine,.., drawn from a corpus of narratives on Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Tourette Syndrome (TS). It considers the kinds of meaning structures involved in establishing correspondences between sources and targets; the kinds of experience that constitute sources and targets; and the sensory modalities, bodily sensations, and emotions that the imagery appeals to in order to evoke an emotive/sensory response in the reader and to trigger corresponding vicarious experiential simulations. <br>
References<br>
Caballero, R. &amp; Paradis, C. (2015). Making sense of sensory perceptions across languages and cultures. Functions of Language 22(1), 1–19.  <br>
Gärdenfors, P. (2014). The geometry of meaning: Semantics based on conceptual spaces. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. <br>
Hartman, J. &amp; Paradis, C. (forthcoming) Emotive and sensory transfer through comparative construal.<br>
Paradis, C. (2005). Ontologies and construals in lexical semantics. Axiomathes 15, 541–573.<br>
Paradis, C. (2015a). Conceptual Spaces at work in sensory cognition. In Zenker, F. &amp; Gärdenfors, P. (Eds.) Applications of Conceptual spaces: The case for geometric knowledge representation (pp. 33–55). Dordrecht: Springer. <br>
Paradis, C. (2015b). Meanings of words: Theory and application. In Haß, U. &amp; Storjohann, P. (Eds.), Handbuch Wort und Wortschatz 3 (pp. 274–293). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.<br>
Thagard, P. &amp; Shelley, C. (2006). Emotional analogies and analogical inference. In Thagard, P. (Ed.), Hot thought: Mechanisms and applications of emotional cognition. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.<br>
Zwaan, R. A. (2004). The immersed experiencer: Toward an embodied theory of language comprehension. In B. H. Ross (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation, volume 44 (pp. 32–65). New York: Academic Press. <br>
<br>
},
  author       = {Paradis, Carita and Hartman, Jenny},
  keyword      = {simile,analogy,neurodevelopmental disorders, narratives,similarity},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  title        = {Comparative construal for vicarious sensory and emotive experience},
  year         = {2017},
}