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Simultaneous laser-driven x-ray and two-photon fluorescence imaging of atomizing sprays

Guénot, D. LU ; Svendsen, K. LU ; Björklund Svensson, J. LU ; Ekerfelt, H. LU ; Persson, A. LU ; Lundh, O. LU and Berrocal, E. LU (2020) In Optica 7(2). p.131-134
Abstract

In this Letter, we report for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, the possibility of visualizing an atomizing spray by simultaneously recording x-ray absorption and two-photon laser-induced fluorescence imaging. This unique illumination/detection scheme is made possible due to the use of soft x rays emitted from a laser-driven x-ray source. An 800 mJ laser pulse of 38 fs duration is used to generate an x-ray beam with up to 4 × 108 photons ranging from 1 to 10 keV, allowing projection radiography of water jets generated by an automotive port fuel injector. In addition, a fraction of the laser pulse (∼10mJ) is employed to form a light sheet and to induce two-photon fluorescence in a dye added to the water. The... (More)

In this Letter, we report for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, the possibility of visualizing an atomizing spray by simultaneously recording x-ray absorption and two-photon laser-induced fluorescence imaging. This unique illumination/detection scheme is made possible due to the use of soft x rays emitted from a laser-driven x-ray source. An 800 mJ laser pulse of 38 fs duration is used to generate an x-ray beam with up to 4 × 108 photons ranging from 1 to 10 keV, allowing projection radiography of water jets generated by an automotive port fuel injector. In addition, a fraction of the laser pulse (∼10mJ) is employed to form a light sheet and to induce two-photon fluorescence in a dye added to the water. The resulting high-contrast fluorescence images provide fine details of the spray structure, with reduced blur from multiple light scattering, while the integrated liquid mass is extracted from the x-ray radiography. In this proof of principle, we show that the combination of these two highly complementary techniques, in both the visible and soft x-ray regimes, is very promising for future characterization of challenging spray, as well as for further understanding of the physics of liquid atomization.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Optica
volume
7
issue
2
pages
4 pages
publisher
Optical Society of America
external identifiers
  • scopus:85079661891
ISSN
2334-2536
DOI
10.1364/OPTICA.378063
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f3a3128a-e5a9-4d00-8d91-265c64b64356
date added to LUP
2020-03-09 16:33:18
date last changed
2020-03-11 08:22:16
@article{f3a3128a-e5a9-4d00-8d91-265c64b64356,
  abstract     = {<p>In this Letter, we report for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, the possibility of visualizing an atomizing spray by simultaneously recording x-ray absorption and two-photon laser-induced fluorescence imaging. This unique illumination/detection scheme is made possible due to the use of soft x rays emitted from a laser-driven x-ray source. An 800 mJ laser pulse of 38 fs duration is used to generate an x-ray beam with up to 4 × 10<sup>8</sup> photons ranging from 1 to 10 keV, allowing projection radiography of water jets generated by an automotive port fuel injector. In addition, a fraction of the laser pulse (∼10mJ) is employed to form a light sheet and to induce two-photon fluorescence in a dye added to the water. The resulting high-contrast fluorescence images provide fine details of the spray structure, with reduced blur from multiple light scattering, while the integrated liquid mass is extracted from the x-ray radiography. In this proof of principle, we show that the combination of these two highly complementary techniques, in both the visible and soft x-ray regimes, is very promising for future characterization of challenging spray, as well as for further understanding of the physics of liquid atomization.</p>},
  author       = {Guénot, D. and Svendsen, K. and Björklund Svensson, J. and Ekerfelt, H. and Persson, A. and Lundh, O. and Berrocal, E.},
  issn         = {2334-2536},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {131--134},
  publisher    = {Optical Society of America},
  series       = {Optica},
  title        = {Simultaneous laser-driven x-ray and two-photon fluorescence imaging of atomizing sprays},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.378063},
  doi          = {10.1364/OPTICA.378063},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2020},
}