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Impaired vibrotactile sense in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes – Signs of peripheral neuropathy

Ising, Erik LU ; Dahlin, Lars B. LU and Larsson, Helena Elding LU (2018) In PLoS ONE 13(4).
Abstract

Objective To investigate whether multi-frequency vibrometry can identify individuals with elevated vibration perception thresholds (VPTs), reflecting impaired vibrotactile sense, among children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Methods In 72 pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes, VPTs were evaluated for seven frequencies on two sites of the hand, and five frequencies on two sites of the foot. Z-scores, based on previously collected reference data, were calculated. Perception to light touch was investigated using monofilaments. Subjects’ characteristics were analyzed in comparison to normal and impaired vibrotactile sense. Results Subjects’ median age, disease duration and age at disease onset were 12.8, 5.3 and 6.9 years,... (More)

Objective To investigate whether multi-frequency vibrometry can identify individuals with elevated vibration perception thresholds (VPTs), reflecting impaired vibrotactile sense, among children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Methods In 72 pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes, VPTs were evaluated for seven frequencies on two sites of the hand, and five frequencies on two sites of the foot. Z-scores, based on previously collected reference data, were calculated. Perception to light touch was investigated using monofilaments. Subjects’ characteristics were analyzed in comparison to normal and impaired vibrotactile sense. Results Subjects’ median age, disease duration and age at disease onset were 12.8, 5.3 and 6.9 years, respectively. A total of 13 out of 72 (18%) subjects had impaired vibrotactile sense on at least one foot site. Impaired vibrotactile sense was more common among subjects treated with multiple daily insulin injections (MDI) compared to subjects treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) (p = 0.013). Age at disease onset was higher among subjects with impaired vibrotactile sense (p = 0.046). No significant correlations were found with gender, HbA1c or duration of diabetes. Conclusions Impaired vibrotactile sense, mirroring diabetic peripheral neuropathy, was found in 1/5 of the children and adolescents in the study, and was more common in patients treated with MDI than in subjects treated with CSII.

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publication status
published
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in
PLoS ONE
volume
13
issue
4
publisher
Public Library of Science
external identifiers
  • scopus:85045879350
ISSN
1932-6203
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0196243
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f6680f65-332e-4aab-956e-fac79dd94f3d
date added to LUP
2018-05-04 11:08:28
date last changed
2018-08-04 03:00:22
@article{f6680f65-332e-4aab-956e-fac79dd94f3d,
  abstract     = {<p>Objective To investigate whether multi-frequency vibrometry can identify individuals with elevated vibration perception thresholds (VPTs), reflecting impaired vibrotactile sense, among children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Methods In 72 pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes, VPTs were evaluated for seven frequencies on two sites of the hand, and five frequencies on two sites of the foot. Z-scores, based on previously collected reference data, were calculated. Perception to light touch was investigated using monofilaments. Subjects’ characteristics were analyzed in comparison to normal and impaired vibrotactile sense. Results Subjects’ median age, disease duration and age at disease onset were 12.8, 5.3 and 6.9 years, respectively. A total of 13 out of 72 (18%) subjects had impaired vibrotactile sense on at least one foot site. Impaired vibrotactile sense was more common among subjects treated with multiple daily insulin injections (MDI) compared to subjects treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) (p = 0.013). Age at disease onset was higher among subjects with impaired vibrotactile sense (p = 0.046). No significant correlations were found with gender, HbA1c or duration of diabetes. Conclusions Impaired vibrotactile sense, mirroring diabetic peripheral neuropathy, was found in 1/5 of the children and adolescents in the study, and was more common in patients treated with MDI than in subjects treated with CSII.</p>},
  articleno    = {e0196243},
  author       = {Ising, Erik and Dahlin, Lars B. and Larsson, Helena Elding},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {04},
  number       = {4},
  publisher    = {Public Library of Science},
  series       = {PLoS ONE},
  title        = {Impaired vibrotactile sense in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes – Signs of peripheral neuropathy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196243},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2018},
}