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Le développement d'aspects phonético-phonologiques du français chez des enfants bilingues simultanés et successifs : Le VOT et la liaison dans une étude de cas multiples

Splendido, Frida LU (2014) In Études Romanes de Lund 92.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in French

Certaines recherches ont suggéré une différence entre l’acquisition d’une

première langue (L1) et celle d’une langue seconde (L2) à l’âge adulte.

L’une des questions débattues dans ce domaine est de savoir quand et pourquoi s’arrête l’acquisition du type L1 et quand commence l’acquisition du type L2 adulte. Dans ce débat, un troisième mode d’acquisition, enfant L2 ou bilinguisme successif précoce, a été avancé. Celui-ci se caractériserait par un développement présentant des ressemblances à la fois avec l’acquisition L1 et avec l’acquisition L2 adulte. Jusqu’alors, ce mode d’acquisition a surtout été étudié dans le domaine de la morpho-syntaxe. C’est pourquoi cette thèse propose... (More)
Popular Abstract in French

Certaines recherches ont suggéré une différence entre l’acquisition d’une

première langue (L1) et celle d’une langue seconde (L2) à l’âge adulte.

L’une des questions débattues dans ce domaine est de savoir quand et pourquoi s’arrête l’acquisition du type L1 et quand commence l’acquisition du type L2 adulte. Dans ce débat, un troisième mode d’acquisition, enfant L2 ou bilinguisme successif précoce, a été avancé. Celui-ci se caractériserait par un développement présentant des ressemblances à la fois avec l’acquisition L1 et avec l’acquisition L2 adulte. Jusqu’alors, ce mode d’acquisition a surtout été étudié dans le domaine de la morpho-syntaxe. C’est pourquoi cette thèse propose de tourner le regard vers le développement phonologique.



La présente thèse décrit les développements du Voice Onset Time (VOT) et de la liaison chez des enfants bilingues simultanés et successifs (français-suédois) et les compare aux développements des mêmes phénomènes chez des enfants francophones monolingues. À partir d’un corpus longitudinal, nous suivons le développement phonologique de huit enfants pendant environ deux ans et demi, de trois à six ans. Alors que la liaison est analysée en français uniquement, l’analyse du VOT porte sur les deux langues des bilingues.



Le développement des bilingues successifs indique un état initial similaire à celui que les recherches précédentes ont observé chez des apprenants adultes de français L2. Cependant, à la différence de ces derniers, les enfants bilingues successifs se rapprochent progressivement au système phonologique des bilingues simultanés et des monolingues. Ainsi, le développement des bilingues successifs de cette étude s’alignerait avec l’idée d’un mode d’acquisition présentant des ressemblances à la fois avec l’acquisition L1 et L2 adulte. (Less)
Abstract
This dissertation describes the development of Voice Onset Time (VOT) and liaison in child second

language (cL2) French (L1: Swedish) as compared to simultaneous Swedish-French bilinguals (2L1) and

monolingual (1L1) French children. VOT is studied in both languages but liaison only exists in French.

Differences between L1 and L2 phonology have previously been attributed to a sensitive period for

language learning or to L1 influence. According to recent extensive studies on morpho-syntax L2

acquisition with an age of onset (AoA) between 4 and 8 years constitutes a separate mode of acquisition

(cL2), where some aspects pattern with L1 and others with adult L2 (aL2) development. Such... (More)
This dissertation describes the development of Voice Onset Time (VOT) and liaison in child second

language (cL2) French (L1: Swedish) as compared to simultaneous Swedish-French bilinguals (2L1) and

monolingual (1L1) French children. VOT is studied in both languages but liaison only exists in French.

Differences between L1 and L2 phonology have previously been attributed to a sensitive period for

language learning or to L1 influence. According to recent extensive studies on morpho-syntax L2

acquisition with an age of onset (AoA) between 4 and 8 years constitutes a separate mode of acquisition

(cL2), where some aspects pattern with L1 and others with adult L2 (aL2) development. Such results

have been attributed to a combination of a sensitive period and the level of L1 development at onset. In

comparison cL2 phonological development is under-researched and evidence for a cL2 mode of

acquisition in phonology is still scarce.

A longitudinal corpus was collected over 2.5 years. Eight children participated from age 3 to 6: three

cL2 learners (AoA: 3;0-3;5), three 2L1s and two 1L1s. VOT and liaison were targeted using specific tests.

The L1 phonological development was assessed through tests used in speech-language pathology.

Results on the development of VOT in French 1L1 showed influence form consonants and vowels,

as in adult speakers, and were found consistent with suggestions of an upside-down U-curve peaking at

age 10 or later. The 2L1s did not differ significantly from 1L1 development in French, but in Swedish

their development indicated a delay compared to 1L1s reported in the literature. This was also the case

for the cL2 learners’ Swedish VOT. For French the cL2 learners initially displayed influence from

Swedish (with 66% of French voiceless stops being produced with a long lag VOT) but seemed to

converge with the (2)L1 children at later stages. Both 2L1 and cL2 separate the two languages.

For liaison, 1L1 and 2L1 development did not differ in terms of rate of acquisition. The initial cL2

stage resembled that of aL2 learners, i.e. no liaison consonant was produced (e.g. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Professor Wauquier, Sophie, Université Paris 8
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
French, language acquisition, phonology, L2, L1, 2L1, development, VOT, liaison, critical period hypothesis, bilingualism, child L2
in
Études Romanes de Lund
volume
92
pages
316 pages
defense location
Hörsalen, Språk- och litteraturcentrum, Helgonabacken 12, Lund
defense date
2014-10-25 10:15
ISSN
0347-0822
ISBN
978-91-978017-5-1
language
French
LU publication?
yes
id
a5b747cd-84cd-4ca8-a95d-d6f6c1eedda6 (old id 4689585)
date added to LUP
2014-09-26 14:56:24
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:00
@misc{a5b747cd-84cd-4ca8-a95d-d6f6c1eedda6,
  abstract     = {This dissertation describes the development of Voice Onset Time (VOT) and liaison in child second<br/><br>
language (cL2) French (L1: Swedish) as compared to simultaneous Swedish-French bilinguals (2L1) and<br/><br>
monolingual (1L1) French children. VOT is studied in both languages but liaison only exists in French.<br/><br>
Differences between L1 and L2 phonology have previously been attributed to a sensitive period for<br/><br>
language learning or to L1 influence. According to recent extensive studies on morpho-syntax L2<br/><br>
acquisition with an age of onset (AoA) between 4 and 8 years constitutes a separate mode of acquisition<br/><br>
(cL2), where some aspects pattern with L1 and others with adult L2 (aL2) development. Such results<br/><br>
have been attributed to a combination of a sensitive period and the level of L1 development at onset. In<br/><br>
comparison cL2 phonological development is under-researched and evidence for a cL2 mode of<br/><br>
acquisition in phonology is still scarce.<br/><br>
A longitudinal corpus was collected over 2.5 years. Eight children participated from age 3 to 6: three<br/><br>
cL2 learners (AoA: 3;0-3;5), three 2L1s and two 1L1s. VOT and liaison were targeted using specific tests.<br/><br>
The L1 phonological development was assessed through tests used in speech-language pathology.<br/><br>
Results on the development of VOT in French 1L1 showed influence form consonants and vowels,<br/><br>
as in adult speakers, and were found consistent with suggestions of an upside-down U-curve peaking at<br/><br>
age 10 or later. The 2L1s did not differ significantly from 1L1 development in French, but in Swedish<br/><br>
their development indicated a delay compared to 1L1s reported in the literature. This was also the case<br/><br>
for the cL2 learners’ Swedish VOT. For French the cL2 learners initially displayed influence from<br/><br>
Swedish (with 66% of French voiceless stops being produced with a long lag VOT) but seemed to<br/><br>
converge with the (2)L1 children at later stages. Both 2L1 and cL2 separate the two languages.<br/><br>
For liaison, 1L1 and 2L1 development did not differ in terms of rate of acquisition. The initial cL2<br/><br>
stage resembled that of aL2 learners, i.e. no liaison consonant was produced (e.g.},
  author       = {Splendido, Frida},
  isbn         = {978-91-978017-5-1},
  issn         = {0347-0822},
  keyword      = {French,language acquisition,phonology,L2,L1,2L1,development,VOT,liaison,critical period hypothesis,bilingualism,child L2},
  language     = {fre},
  pages        = {316},
  series       = {Études Romanes de Lund},
  title        = {Le développement d'aspects phonético-phonologiques du français chez des enfants bilingues simultanés et successifs : Le VOT et la liaison dans une étude de cas multiples},
  volume       = {92},
  year         = {2014},
}