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Individual self-reported health, social participation and neighbourhood: a multilevel analysis in Malmö, Sweden.

Lindström, Martin LU ; Moghaddassi, Mahnaz LU and Merlo, Juan LU (2004) In Preventive Medicine 39(1). p.135-141
Abstract
Background. The influence of neighbourhood and individual factors on self-reported health was investigated.



Methods. The public health survey in Malmö 1994 is a cross-sectional study. A total of 3,602 individuals aged 20–80 living in 75 neighbourhoods answered a postal questionnaire. The participation rate was 71%. A multilevel logistic regression model, with individuals at the first level and neighbourhoods at the second, was performed. We analysed the effect (intra-area correlation, cross-level modification and odds ratios) of neighbourhood on self-reported health after adjustment for individual factors.



Results. The neighbourhoods accounted for 2.8% of the crude total variance in self-reported... (More)
Background. The influence of neighbourhood and individual factors on self-reported health was investigated.



Methods. The public health survey in Malmö 1994 is a cross-sectional study. A total of 3,602 individuals aged 20–80 living in 75 neighbourhoods answered a postal questionnaire. The participation rate was 71%. A multilevel logistic regression model, with individuals at the first level and neighbourhoods at the second, was performed. We analysed the effect (intra-area correlation, cross-level modification and odds ratios) of neighbourhood on self-reported health after adjustment for individual factors.



Results. The neighbourhoods accounted for 2.8% of the crude total variance in self-reported health status. This effect was significantly reduced when individual factors such as country of origin, education and social participation were included in the model. In fact, no significant variance in self-reported health remained after the introduction of the individual factors in the model.



Conclusions. In Malmö, the neighbourhood variance in self-reported health is mainly affected by individual factors, especially country of origin, socioeconomic status measured as level of education and individual social participation. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Self-reported health, Education, Country of origin, Social participation, Multilevel analysis
in
Preventive Medicine
volume
39
issue
1
pages
135 - 141
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000222397500015
  • pmid:15207994
  • scopus:2942744697
ISSN
1096-0260
DOI
10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.01.011
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2e9a5fb8-90f2-44bb-9722-7e28283d420f (old id 124059)
date added to LUP
2007-07-24 14:54:37
date last changed
2017-07-09 03:41:32
@article{2e9a5fb8-90f2-44bb-9722-7e28283d420f,
  abstract     = {Background. The influence of neighbourhood and individual factors on self-reported health was investigated.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Methods. The public health survey in Malmö 1994 is a cross-sectional study. A total of 3,602 individuals aged 20–80 living in 75 neighbourhoods answered a postal questionnaire. The participation rate was 71%. A multilevel logistic regression model, with individuals at the first level and neighbourhoods at the second, was performed. We analysed the effect (intra-area correlation, cross-level modification and odds ratios) of neighbourhood on self-reported health after adjustment for individual factors.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Results. The neighbourhoods accounted for 2.8% of the crude total variance in self-reported health status. This effect was significantly reduced when individual factors such as country of origin, education and social participation were included in the model. In fact, no significant variance in self-reported health remained after the introduction of the individual factors in the model.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Conclusions. In Malmö, the neighbourhood variance in self-reported health is mainly affected by individual factors, especially country of origin, socioeconomic status measured as level of education and individual social participation.},
  author       = {Lindström, Martin and Moghaddassi, Mahnaz and Merlo, Juan},
  issn         = {1096-0260},
  keyword      = {Self-reported health,Education,Country of origin,Social participation,Multilevel analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {135--141},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Preventive Medicine},
  title        = {Individual self-reported health, social participation and neighbourhood: a multilevel analysis in Malmö, Sweden.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.01.011},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2004},
}