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Starch digestibility: past, present and future

Bello-Pérez, Luis A. ; Flores-Silva, Pamela C. ; Agama-Acevedo, Edith and Tovar, Juscelino LU (2020) In Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 100. p.5009-5016
Abstract
In the last century, starch present in foods was considered to be completely digested. However, during the 1980s, studies on starch digestion started to show that besides digestible starch, which could be rapidly ors lowly hydrolysed, there was a variable fraction that resisted hydrolysis by digestive enzymes. That fraction was named resistant starch (RS )and it encompasses those forms of starch that are not accessible to human digestive enzymes but can be fermented by the colonic microbiota, producing short-chain fatty acids. RS has been classified into five types, depending on the mechanism governing its resistance to enzymatic hydrolysis. Early research on RS was focused on the methods to determine its content in foods and its... (More)
In the last century, starch present in foods was considered to be completely digested. However, during the 1980s, studies on starch digestion started to show that besides digestible starch, which could be rapidly ors lowly hydrolysed, there was a variable fraction that resisted hydrolysis by digestive enzymes. That fraction was named resistant starch (RS )and it encompasses those forms of starch that are not accessible to human digestive enzymes but can be fermented by the colonic microbiota, producing short-chain fatty acids. RS has been classified into five types, depending on the mechanism governing its resistance to enzymatic hydrolysis. Early research on RS was focused on the methods to determine its content in foods and its physiological effects, including fermentability in the large intestine. Later on, due to the interest of the food industry, methods to increase the RS content of isolated starches were developed. Nowadays, the influence of RS on the gut microbiota is a relevant research topic owing to its potential health-related benefits. This review summarizes over 30 years of investigation on starch digestibility, its relationship with human health, the methods to produce RS and its impact on the microbiome. (Less)
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author
; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
digestibility; microbiome; resistant starch; slowly digestible starch; satiety
in
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
volume
100
pages
8 pages
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:29427318
  • scopus:85091856369
ISSN
1097-0010
DOI
10.1002/jsfa.8955
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1328d3e9-b027-4b55-ab29-814d48db7cea
date added to LUP
2018-06-12 14:55:33
date last changed
2020-12-29 01:32:41
@article{1328d3e9-b027-4b55-ab29-814d48db7cea,
  abstract     = {In the last century, starch present in foods was considered to be completely digested. However, during the 1980s, studies on starch digestion started to show that besides digestible starch, which could be rapidly ors lowly hydrolysed, there was a variable fraction that resisted hydrolysis by digestive enzymes. That fraction was named resistant starch (RS )and it encompasses those forms of starch that are not accessible to human digestive enzymes but can be fermented by the colonic microbiota, producing short-chain fatty acids. RS has been classified into five types, depending on the mechanism governing its resistance to enzymatic hydrolysis. Early research on RS was focused on the methods to determine its content in foods and its physiological effects, including fermentability in the large intestine. Later on, due to the interest of the food industry, methods to increase the RS content of isolated starches were developed. Nowadays, the influence of RS on the gut microbiota is a relevant research topic owing to its potential health-related benefits. This review summarizes over 30 years of investigation on starch digestibility, its relationship with human health, the methods to produce RS and its impact on the microbiome.},
  author       = {Bello-Pérez, Luis A. and Flores-Silva, Pamela C. and Agama-Acevedo, Edith and Tovar, Juscelino},
  issn         = {1097-0010},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {10},
  pages        = {5009--5016},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture},
  title        = {Starch digestibility: past, present and future},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.8955},
  doi          = {10.1002/jsfa.8955},
  volume       = {100},
  year         = {2020},
}