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A high eating frequency is associated with an overall healthy lifestyle in middle-aged men and women and reduced likelihood of general and central obesity in men.

Drake, Isabel LU ; Ericson, Ulrika LU ; Gullberg, Bo LU and Wirfält, Elisabet LU (2010) In British Journal of Nutrition 104. p.1065-1073
Abstract
The role of eating frequency in obesity development is debated. Therefore, we investigated the association between eating frequency, BMI and waist circumference (WC), as well as how eating frequency is related to diet composition and lifestyle factors. A subsample (aged 47-68 years) of men (n 1355) and women (n 1654) from the Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort was used for the present cross-sectional study. The daily eating frequency was calculated based on the number of self-reported eating occasions during an ordinary day. Regression analysis and ANOVA examined the associations between eating frequency, BMI and WC, while adjusting for potential confounders. The energy percentage (E%) from carbohydrates as well as relative fibre intake (g/MJ)... (More)
The role of eating frequency in obesity development is debated. Therefore, we investigated the association between eating frequency, BMI and waist circumference (WC), as well as how eating frequency is related to diet composition and lifestyle factors. A subsample (aged 47-68 years) of men (n 1355) and women (n 1654) from the Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort was used for the present cross-sectional study. The daily eating frequency was calculated based on the number of self-reported eating occasions during an ordinary day. Regression analysis and ANOVA examined the associations between eating frequency, BMI and WC, while adjusting for potential confounders. The energy percentage (E%) from carbohydrates as well as relative fibre intake (g/MJ) increased with higher eating frequency; while E% from fat, protein and alcohol decreased. A low daily eating frequency was associated with smoking, higher alcohol consumption, and lower leisure-time physical activity. Eating three or fewer meals per d was also associated with increased likelihood of general and central obesity in men when adjusting for total energy intake, lifestyle and dietary factors. However, results did not reach statistical significance among women. The present study suggests that a high daily eating frequency is associated with a healthy lifestyle and dietary pattern in both men and women, and a reduced likelihood of general and central obesity in men. There is a need for prospective studies investigating the association between eating frequency, diet and body composition. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
British Journal of Nutrition
volume
104
pages
1065 - 1073
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000284012600018
  • pmid:20500929
  • scopus:77957925191
ISSN
1475-2662
DOI
10.1017/S0007114510001753
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a0e010f8-b176-4c5e-b87f-4954927fc1a1 (old id 1609983)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20500929?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2010-06-02 11:56:39
date last changed
2018-05-29 09:44:07
@article{a0e010f8-b176-4c5e-b87f-4954927fc1a1,
  abstract     = {The role of eating frequency in obesity development is debated. Therefore, we investigated the association between eating frequency, BMI and waist circumference (WC), as well as how eating frequency is related to diet composition and lifestyle factors. A subsample (aged 47-68 years) of men (n 1355) and women (n 1654) from the Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort was used for the present cross-sectional study. The daily eating frequency was calculated based on the number of self-reported eating occasions during an ordinary day. Regression analysis and ANOVA examined the associations between eating frequency, BMI and WC, while adjusting for potential confounders. The energy percentage (E%) from carbohydrates as well as relative fibre intake (g/MJ) increased with higher eating frequency; while E% from fat, protein and alcohol decreased. A low daily eating frequency was associated with smoking, higher alcohol consumption, and lower leisure-time physical activity. Eating three or fewer meals per d was also associated with increased likelihood of general and central obesity in men when adjusting for total energy intake, lifestyle and dietary factors. However, results did not reach statistical significance among women. The present study suggests that a high daily eating frequency is associated with a healthy lifestyle and dietary pattern in both men and women, and a reduced likelihood of general and central obesity in men. There is a need for prospective studies investigating the association between eating frequency, diet and body composition.},
  author       = {Drake, Isabel and Ericson, Ulrika and Gullberg, Bo and Wirfält, Elisabet},
  issn         = {1475-2662},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1065--1073},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {British Journal of Nutrition},
  title        = {A high eating frequency is associated with an overall healthy lifestyle in middle-aged men and women and reduced likelihood of general and central obesity in men.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114510001753},
  volume       = {104},
  year         = {2010},
}