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Meat consumption and prospective weight change in participants of the EPIC-PANACEA study

Vergnaud, Anne-Claire; Norat, Teresa; Romaguera, Dora; Mouw, Traci; May, Anne M.; Travier, Noemie; Luan, Jian'an; Wareham, Nick; Slimani, Nadia and Rinaldi, Sabina, et al. (2010) In American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 92(2). p.398-407
Abstract
Background: Meat intake may be related to weight gain because of its high energy and fat content. Some observational studies have shown that meat consumption is positively associated with weight gain, but intervention studies have shown mixed results. Objective: Our objective was to assess the association between consumption of total meat, red meat, poultry, and processed meat and weight gain after 5 y of follow-up, on average, in the large European population who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol, Cessation of Smoking, Eating Out of Home and Obesity (EPIC-PANACEA) project. Design: A total of 103,455 men and 270,348 women aged 25-70 y were recruited... (More)
Background: Meat intake may be related to weight gain because of its high energy and fat content. Some observational studies have shown that meat consumption is positively associated with weight gain, but intervention studies have shown mixed results. Objective: Our objective was to assess the association between consumption of total meat, red meat, poultry, and processed meat and weight gain after 5 y of follow-up, on average, in the large European population who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol, Cessation of Smoking, Eating Out of Home and Obesity (EPIC-PANACEA) project. Design: A total of 103,455 men and 270,348 women aged 25-70 y were recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 10 European countries. Diet was assessed at baseline with the use of country-specific validated questionnaires. A dietary calibration study was conducted in a representative subsample of the cohort. Weight and height were measured at baseline and self-reported at follow-up in most centers. Associations between energy from meat (kcal/d) and annual weight change (g/y) were assessed with the use of linear mixed models, controlled for age, sex, total energy intake, physical activity, dietary patterns, and other potential confounders. Results: Total meat consumption was positively associated with weight gain in men and women, in normal-weight and overweight subjects, and in smokers and nonsmokers. With adjustment for estimated energy intake, an increase in meat intake of 250 g/d (eg, one steak at approximate to 450 kcal) would lead to a 2-kg higher weight gain after 5 y (95% CI: 1.5, 2.7 kg). Positive associations were observed for red meat, poultry, and processed meat. Conclusion: Our results suggest that a decrease in meat consumption may improve weight management. Am J Clin Nutr 2010; 92: 398-407. (Less)
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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
volume
92
issue
2
pages
398 - 407
publisher
American Society for Clinical Nutrition
external identifiers
  • wos:000280149700019
  • scopus:77955474521
ISSN
1938-3207
DOI
10.3945/ajcn.2009.28713
language
English
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yes
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62515e5a-c627-43d6-bf3e-52fa2366657c (old id 1656851)
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2010-08-25 11:19:15
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@article{62515e5a-c627-43d6-bf3e-52fa2366657c,
  abstract     = {Background: Meat intake may be related to weight gain because of its high energy and fat content. Some observational studies have shown that meat consumption is positively associated with weight gain, but intervention studies have shown mixed results. Objective: Our objective was to assess the association between consumption of total meat, red meat, poultry, and processed meat and weight gain after 5 y of follow-up, on average, in the large European population who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol, Cessation of Smoking, Eating Out of Home and Obesity (EPIC-PANACEA) project. Design: A total of 103,455 men and 270,348 women aged 25-70 y were recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 10 European countries. Diet was assessed at baseline with the use of country-specific validated questionnaires. A dietary calibration study was conducted in a representative subsample of the cohort. Weight and height were measured at baseline and self-reported at follow-up in most centers. Associations between energy from meat (kcal/d) and annual weight change (g/y) were assessed with the use of linear mixed models, controlled for age, sex, total energy intake, physical activity, dietary patterns, and other potential confounders. Results: Total meat consumption was positively associated with weight gain in men and women, in normal-weight and overweight subjects, and in smokers and nonsmokers. With adjustment for estimated energy intake, an increase in meat intake of 250 g/d (eg, one steak at approximate to 450 kcal) would lead to a 2-kg higher weight gain after 5 y (95% CI: 1.5, 2.7 kg). Positive associations were observed for red meat, poultry, and processed meat. Conclusion: Our results suggest that a decrease in meat consumption may improve weight management. Am J Clin Nutr 2010; 92: 398-407.},
  author       = {Vergnaud, Anne-Claire and Norat, Teresa and Romaguera, Dora and Mouw, Traci and May, Anne M. and Travier, Noemie and Luan, Jian'an and Wareham, Nick and Slimani, Nadia and Rinaldi, Sabina and Couto, Elisabeth and Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise and Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine and Cottet, Vanessa and Palli, Domenico and Agnoli, Claudia and Panico, Salvatore and Tumino, Rosario and Vineis, Paolo and Agudo, Antonio and Rodriguez, Laudina and Jose Sanchez, Maria and Amiano, Pilar and Barricarte, Aurelio and Maria Huerta, Jose and Key, Timothy J. and Spencer, Elisabeth A. and Bueno-de-Mesquita, Bas and Buchner, Frederike L. and Orfanos, Philippos and Naska, Androniki and Trichopoulou, Antonia and Rohrmann, Sabine and Hermann, Silke and Boeing, Heiner and Buijsse, Brian and Johansson, Ingegerd and Hellstrom, Veronica and Manjer, Jonas and Wirfält, Elisabet and Jakobsen, Marianne Uhre and Overvad, Kim and Tjonneland, Anne and Halkjaer, Jytte and Lund, Eiliv and Braaten, Tonje and Engeset, Dagrun and Odysseos, Andreani and Riboli, Elio and Peeters, Petra H. M.},
  issn         = {1938-3207},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {398--407},
  publisher    = {American Society for Clinical Nutrition},
  series       = {American Journal of Clinical Nutrition},
  title        = {Meat consumption and prospective weight change in participants of the EPIC-PANACEA study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2009.28713},
  volume       = {92},
  year         = {2010},
}