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Depressive symptoms and deliberate self-harm in a community sample of adolescents: a prospective study.

Lundh, Lars-Gunnar LU ; Wångby, Margit LU ; Paaske, My; Ingesson, Stina and Bjärehed, Jonas LU (2011) In Depression Research and Treatment
Abstract
The associations between depressive symptoms and deliberate self-harm were studied by means of a 2-wave longitudinal design in a community sample of 1052 young adolescents, with longitudinal data for 83.6% of the sample. Evidence was found for a bidirectional relationship in girls, with depressive symptoms being a risk factor for increased self-harm one year later and self-harm a risk factor for increased depressive symptoms. Cluster analysis of profiles of depressive symptoms led to the identification of two clusters with clear depressive profiles (one severe, the other mild/moderate) which were both characterized by an overrepresentation of girls and elevated levels of self-harm. Clusters with more circumscribed problems were also... (More)
The associations between depressive symptoms and deliberate self-harm were studied by means of a 2-wave longitudinal design in a community sample of 1052 young adolescents, with longitudinal data for 83.6% of the sample. Evidence was found for a bidirectional relationship in girls, with depressive symptoms being a risk factor for increased self-harm one year later and self-harm a risk factor for increased depressive symptoms. Cluster analysis of profiles of depressive symptoms led to the identification of two clusters with clear depressive profiles (one severe, the other mild/moderate) which were both characterized by an overrepresentation of girls and elevated levels of self-harm. Clusters with more circumscribed problems were also identified; of these, significantly increased levels of self-harm were found in a cluster characterized by negative self-image and in a cluster characterized by dysphoric relations to parents. It is suggested that self-harm serves more to regulate negative self-related feelings than sadness. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Depression Research and Treatment
publisher
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
external identifiers
  • pmid:21234107
  • scopus:84860658397
ISSN
2090-133X
DOI
10.1155/2011/935871
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
17c645a0-7189-4626-ae0e-31c0ee01f439 (old id 1777485)
date added to LUP
2011-02-03 15:32:42
date last changed
2017-09-03 04:48:04
@article{17c645a0-7189-4626-ae0e-31c0ee01f439,
  abstract     = {The associations between depressive symptoms and deliberate self-harm were studied by means of a 2-wave longitudinal design in a community sample of 1052 young adolescents, with longitudinal data for 83.6% of the sample. Evidence was found for a bidirectional relationship in girls, with depressive symptoms being a risk factor for increased self-harm one year later and self-harm a risk factor for increased depressive symptoms. Cluster analysis of profiles of depressive symptoms led to the identification of two clusters with clear depressive profiles (one severe, the other mild/moderate) which were both characterized by an overrepresentation of girls and elevated levels of self-harm. Clusters with more circumscribed problems were also identified; of these, significantly increased levels of self-harm were found in a cluster characterized by negative self-image and in a cluster characterized by dysphoric relations to parents. It is suggested that self-harm serves more to regulate negative self-related feelings than sadness.},
  articleno    = {935871},
  author       = {Lundh, Lars-Gunnar and Wångby, Margit and Paaske, My and Ingesson, Stina and Bjärehed, Jonas},
  issn         = {2090-133X},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Hindawi Publishing Corporation},
  series       = {Depression Research and Treatment},
  title        = {Depressive symptoms and deliberate self-harm in a community sample of adolescents: a prospective study.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/935871},
  year         = {2011},
}