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Effect of polymorphisms in the leptin, leptin receptor, and acyl-coenzyme A:diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) genes and genetic polymorphism of milk proteins on cheese characteristics.

Glantz, Maria LU ; Lindmark Månsson, Helena LU ; Stålhammar, H and Paulsson, Marie LU (2011) In Journal of Dairy Science 94(7). p.3295-3304
Abstract
Cheese production has increased worldwide during the last decade and is expected to increase within the coming decade as well. Despite this, the relations between cow genetics and cheese characteristics are not fully known. The aim of this study was to determine if polymorphisms in the leptin (LEP), leptin receptor (LEPR), and acyl-coenzyme A:diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) genes as well as genetic variants of β-casein (β-CN), κ-CN, and β-lactoglobulin (β-LG) affect technological properties important for cheese production and, hence, could act as genetic makers for cheese quality. Individual milk samples from the Swedish Red and the Swedish Holstein breeds were analyzed for sizes of CN micelles and fat globules as well as... (More)
Cheese production has increased worldwide during the last decade and is expected to increase within the coming decade as well. Despite this, the relations between cow genetics and cheese characteristics are not fully known. The aim of this study was to determine if polymorphisms in the leptin (LEP), leptin receptor (LEPR), and acyl-coenzyme A:diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) genes as well as genetic variants of β-casein (β-CN), κ-CN, and β-lactoglobulin (β-LG) affect technological properties important for cheese production and, hence, could act as genetic makers for cheese quality. Individual milk samples from the Swedish Red and the Swedish Holstein breeds were analyzed for sizes of CN micelles and fat globules as well as rennet-induced gel strength, gelation time, and yield stress. Model cheeses were produced to study yield, hardness, and pH of the cheeses. The A1457G, A252T, A59V, and C963T single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) were analyzed on the LEP gene, the T945M SNP on the LEPR gene, and the Nt984+8(A-G) SNP on the DGAT1 gene. In addition, genetic variants of β-CN, κ-CN, and β-LG were determined. The results indicate that technological properties were influenced by the LEPR(T945M) polymorphism, which had an association with gel strength, yield stress, and cheese hardness (T > C). However, also LEP(A252T) was shown to affect gel strength (T > A), whereas the LEP(A59V) had an effect on fat globule size (T > C). For the milk protein genes, favorable effects were found for the A and B variants of β-LG and κ-CN, respectively, on gel strength, gelation time, and yield stress. In addition, the B variant of κ-CN was shown to be associated with smaller CN micelles than the A variant. Thus, the results demonstrate potential genetic markers for cheese characteristics. However, milk composition traits also affected the obtained results, thus making it necessary to thoroughly assess the different aspects regarding the influence of gene effects on cheese characteristics before directly selecting for certain alleles or genetic variants to improve the processing and quality of cheese. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Dairy Science
volume
94
issue
7
pages
3295 - 3304
publisher
American Dairy Science Association
external identifiers
  • wos:000291827600009
  • pmid:21700014
  • scopus:79959334001
ISSN
1525-3198
DOI
10.3168/jds.2011-4317
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
681bef62-a9f6-42cf-9cd5-56e47415a1ac (old id 2007792)
date added to LUP
2011-07-21 09:54:28
date last changed
2017-10-29 03:17:10
@article{681bef62-a9f6-42cf-9cd5-56e47415a1ac,
  abstract     = {Cheese production has increased worldwide during the last decade and is expected to increase within the coming decade as well. Despite this, the relations between cow genetics and cheese characteristics are not fully known. The aim of this study was to determine if polymorphisms in the leptin (LEP), leptin receptor (LEPR), and acyl-coenzyme A:diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) genes as well as genetic variants of β-casein (β-CN), κ-CN, and β-lactoglobulin (β-LG) affect technological properties important for cheese production and, hence, could act as genetic makers for cheese quality. Individual milk samples from the Swedish Red and the Swedish Holstein breeds were analyzed for sizes of CN micelles and fat globules as well as rennet-induced gel strength, gelation time, and yield stress. Model cheeses were produced to study yield, hardness, and pH of the cheeses. The A1457G, A252T, A59V, and C963T single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) were analyzed on the LEP gene, the T945M SNP on the LEPR gene, and the Nt984+8(A-G) SNP on the DGAT1 gene. In addition, genetic variants of β-CN, κ-CN, and β-LG were determined. The results indicate that technological properties were influenced by the LEPR(T945M) polymorphism, which had an association with gel strength, yield stress, and cheese hardness (T > C). However, also LEP(A252T) was shown to affect gel strength (T > A), whereas the LEP(A59V) had an effect on fat globule size (T > C). For the milk protein genes, favorable effects were found for the A and B variants of β-LG and κ-CN, respectively, on gel strength, gelation time, and yield stress. In addition, the B variant of κ-CN was shown to be associated with smaller CN micelles than the A variant. Thus, the results demonstrate potential genetic markers for cheese characteristics. However, milk composition traits also affected the obtained results, thus making it necessary to thoroughly assess the different aspects regarding the influence of gene effects on cheese characteristics before directly selecting for certain alleles or genetic variants to improve the processing and quality of cheese.},
  author       = {Glantz, Maria and Lindmark Månsson, Helena and Stålhammar, H and Paulsson, Marie},
  issn         = {1525-3198},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {3295--3304},
  publisher    = {American Dairy Science Association},
  series       = {Journal of Dairy Science},
  title        = {Effect of polymorphisms in the leptin, leptin receptor, and acyl-coenzyme A:diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) genes and genetic polymorphism of milk proteins on cheese characteristics.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2011-4317},
  volume       = {94},
  year         = {2011},
}