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Viral Stimuli Trigger Exaggerated Thymic Stromal Lymphopoietin Expression by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Epithelium: Role of Endosomal TLR3 and Cytosolic RIG-I-Like Helicases.

Calvén, Jenny LU ; Yudina, Yulyana LU ; Hallgren, Oskar LU ; Westergren-Thorsson, Gunilla LU ; Davies, Donna E; Brandelius, Angelica LU and Uller, Lena LU (2012) In Journal of Innate Immunity 4. p.86-99
Abstract
Background: Rhinovirus (RV)-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations exhibit TH(2)-like inflammation. We hypothesized that RV-infected bronchial epithelial cells (BEC) overproduce TH(2)-switching hub cytokine, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) in COPD. Methods: Primary BEC from healthy (HBEC) and from COPD donors (COPD-BEC) were grown in 12-well plates, infected with RV16 (0.5-5 MOI) or stimulated with agonists for either toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 (dsRNA, 0.1-10 μg/ml) or RIG-I-like helicases (dsRNA-LyoVec, 0.1-10 μg/ml). Cytokine mRNA and protein were determined (RTqPCR; ELISA). Results: dsRNA dose-dependently evoked cytokine gene overproduction of TSLP, CXCL8 and TNF-α in COPD-BEC compared to HBEC. This... (More)
Background: Rhinovirus (RV)-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations exhibit TH(2)-like inflammation. We hypothesized that RV-infected bronchial epithelial cells (BEC) overproduce TH(2)-switching hub cytokine, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) in COPD. Methods: Primary BEC from healthy (HBEC) and from COPD donors (COPD-BEC) were grown in 12-well plates, infected with RV16 (0.5-5 MOI) or stimulated with agonists for either toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 (dsRNA, 0.1-10 μg/ml) or RIG-I-like helicases (dsRNA-LyoVec, 0.1-10 μg/ml). Cytokine mRNA and protein were determined (RTqPCR; ELISA). Results: dsRNA dose-dependently evoked cytokine gene overproduction of TSLP, CXCL8 and TNF-α in COPD-BEC compared to HBEC. This was confirmed using RV16 infection. IFN-β induction did not differ between COPD-BEC and HBEC. Endosomal TLR3 inhibition by chloroquine dose-dependently inhibited dsRNA-induced TSLP generation and reduced generation of CXCL8, TNF-α, and IFN-β. Stimulation of cytosolic viral sensors (RIG-I-like helicases) with dsRNA-LyoVec increased production of CXCL8, TNF-α, and IFN-β, but not TSLP. Conclusions: Endosomal TLR3-stimulation, by dsRNA or RV16, induces overproduction of TSLP in COPD-BEC. dsRNA- and RV-induced overproduction of TNF-α and CXCL8 involves endosomal TLR3 and cytosolic RIG-I-like helicases and so does the generation of IFN-β in COPD-BEC. RV16 and dsRNA-induced epithelial TSLP may contribute to pathogenic effects at exacerbations and development of COPD. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Innate Immunity
volume
4
pages
86 - 99
publisher
Karger
external identifiers
  • wos:000299225900010
  • pmid:21691053
  • scopus:83555165193
ISSN
1662-811X
DOI
10.1159/000329131
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cff4d385-d9a8-4e9d-8d87-0d2831e04750 (old id 2007892)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21691053?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2011-07-06 10:12:39
date last changed
2017-10-22 04:53:04
@article{cff4d385-d9a8-4e9d-8d87-0d2831e04750,
  abstract     = {Background: Rhinovirus (RV)-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations exhibit TH(2)-like inflammation. We hypothesized that RV-infected bronchial epithelial cells (BEC) overproduce TH(2)-switching hub cytokine, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) in COPD. Methods: Primary BEC from healthy (HBEC) and from COPD donors (COPD-BEC) were grown in 12-well plates, infected with RV16 (0.5-5 MOI) or stimulated with agonists for either toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 (dsRNA, 0.1-10 μg/ml) or RIG-I-like helicases (dsRNA-LyoVec, 0.1-10 μg/ml). Cytokine mRNA and protein were determined (RTqPCR; ELISA). Results: dsRNA dose-dependently evoked cytokine gene overproduction of TSLP, CXCL8 and TNF-α in COPD-BEC compared to HBEC. This was confirmed using RV16 infection. IFN-β induction did not differ between COPD-BEC and HBEC. Endosomal TLR3 inhibition by chloroquine dose-dependently inhibited dsRNA-induced TSLP generation and reduced generation of CXCL8, TNF-α, and IFN-β. Stimulation of cytosolic viral sensors (RIG-I-like helicases) with dsRNA-LyoVec increased production of CXCL8, TNF-α, and IFN-β, but not TSLP. Conclusions: Endosomal TLR3-stimulation, by dsRNA or RV16, induces overproduction of TSLP in COPD-BEC. dsRNA- and RV-induced overproduction of TNF-α and CXCL8 involves endosomal TLR3 and cytosolic RIG-I-like helicases and so does the generation of IFN-β in COPD-BEC. RV16 and dsRNA-induced epithelial TSLP may contribute to pathogenic effects at exacerbations and development of COPD.},
  author       = {Calvén, Jenny and Yudina, Yulyana and Hallgren, Oskar and Westergren-Thorsson, Gunilla and Davies, Donna E and Brandelius, Angelica and Uller, Lena},
  issn         = {1662-811X},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {86--99},
  publisher    = {Karger},
  series       = {Journal of Innate Immunity},
  title        = {Viral Stimuli Trigger Exaggerated Thymic Stromal Lymphopoietin Expression by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Epithelium: Role of Endosomal TLR3 and Cytosolic RIG-I-Like Helicases.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000329131},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2012},
}