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Fruit and vegetable consumption and prospective weight change in participants of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol, Cessation of Smoking, Eating Out of Home, and Obesity study

Vergnaud, Anne-Claire; Norat, Teresa; Romaguera, Dora; Mouw, Traci; May, Anne M.; Romieu, Isabelle; Freisling, Heinz; Slimani, Nadia; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine and Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise, et al. (2012) In American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 95(1). p.184-193
Abstract
Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption might prevent weight gain through their low energy density and high dietary fiber content. Objective: We assessed the association between the baseline consumption of fruit and vegetables and weight change in participants from 10 European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. Design: Diet was assessed at baseline in 373,803 participants by using country-specific validated questionnaires. Weight was measured at baseline and self-reported at follow-up in most centers. Associations between baseline fruit and vegetable intakes (per 100 g/d) and weight change (g/y) after a mean follow-up of 5 y were assessed by using linear mixed-models, with... (More)
Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption might prevent weight gain through their low energy density and high dietary fiber content. Objective: We assessed the association between the baseline consumption of fruit and vegetables and weight change in participants from 10 European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. Design: Diet was assessed at baseline in 373,803 participants by using country-specific validated questionnaires. Weight was measured at baseline and self-reported at follow-up in most centers. Associations between baseline fruit and vegetable intakes (per 100 g/d) and weight change (g/y) after a mean follow-up of 5 y were assessed by using linear mixed-models, with age, sex, total energy intake, and other potential confounders controlled for. Results: After exclusion of subjects with chronic diseases at baseline and subjects who were likely to misreport energy intakes, baseline fruit and vegetable intakes were not associated with weight change overall. However, baseline fruit and vegetable intakes were inversely associated with weight change in men and women who quit smoking during follow-up. We observed weak positive associations between vegetable intake and weight change in women who were overweight, were former smokers, or had high prudent dietary pattern scores and weak inverse associations between fruit intake and weight change in women who were >50 y of age, were of normal weight, were never smokers, or had low prudent dietary pattern scores. Conclusions: In this large study, higher baseline fruit and vegetable intakes, while maintaining total energy intakes constant, did not substantially influence midterm weight change overall but could help to reduce risk of weight gain in persons who stop smoking. The interactions observed in women deserve additional attention. Am J Clin Nutr 2012;95:184-93. (Less)
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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
volume
95
issue
1
pages
184 - 193
publisher
American Society for Clinical Nutrition
external identifiers
  • wos:000298402100024
  • scopus:84455188745
ISSN
1938-3207
DOI
10.3945/ajcn.111.019968
language
English
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8445bf6b-d4ea-4f25-ac0e-2786414a705e (old id 2333734)
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2012-02-01 07:40:09
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@article{8445bf6b-d4ea-4f25-ac0e-2786414a705e,
  abstract     = {Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption might prevent weight gain through their low energy density and high dietary fiber content. Objective: We assessed the association between the baseline consumption of fruit and vegetables and weight change in participants from 10 European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. Design: Diet was assessed at baseline in 373,803 participants by using country-specific validated questionnaires. Weight was measured at baseline and self-reported at follow-up in most centers. Associations between baseline fruit and vegetable intakes (per 100 g/d) and weight change (g/y) after a mean follow-up of 5 y were assessed by using linear mixed-models, with age, sex, total energy intake, and other potential confounders controlled for. Results: After exclusion of subjects with chronic diseases at baseline and subjects who were likely to misreport energy intakes, baseline fruit and vegetable intakes were not associated with weight change overall. However, baseline fruit and vegetable intakes were inversely associated with weight change in men and women who quit smoking during follow-up. We observed weak positive associations between vegetable intake and weight change in women who were overweight, were former smokers, or had high prudent dietary pattern scores and weak inverse associations between fruit intake and weight change in women who were >50 y of age, were of normal weight, were never smokers, or had low prudent dietary pattern scores. Conclusions: In this large study, higher baseline fruit and vegetable intakes, while maintaining total energy intakes constant, did not substantially influence midterm weight change overall but could help to reduce risk of weight gain in persons who stop smoking. The interactions observed in women deserve additional attention. Am J Clin Nutr 2012;95:184-93.},
  author       = {Vergnaud, Anne-Claire and Norat, Teresa and Romaguera, Dora and Mouw, Traci and May, Anne M. and Romieu, Isabelle and Freisling, Heinz and Slimani, Nadia and Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine and Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise and Morois, Sophie and Kaaks, Rudolf and Teucher, Birgit and Boeing, Heiner and Buijsse, Brian and Tjonneland, Anne and Halkjaer, Jytte and Overvad, Kim and Jakobsen, Marianne Uhre and Rodriguez, Laudina and Agudo, Antonio and Sanchez, Maria-Jose and Amiano, Pilar and Maria Huerta, Jose and Barricarte Gurrea, Aurelio and Wareham, Nick and Khaw, Kay-Tee and Crowe, Francesca and Orfanos, Philippos and Naska, Androniki and Trichopoulou, Antonia and Masala, Giovanna and Pala, Valeria and Tumino, Rosario and Sacerdote, Carlotta and Mattiello, Amalia and Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas and van Duijnhoven, Franzel J. B. and Drake, Isabel and Wirfält, Elisabet and Johansson, Ingegerd and Hallmans, Goran and Engeset, Dagrun and Braaten, Tonje and Parr, Christine L. and Odysseos, Andreani and Riboli, Elio and Peeters, Petra H. M.},
  issn         = {1938-3207},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {184--193},
  publisher    = {American Society for Clinical Nutrition},
  series       = {American Journal of Clinical Nutrition},
  title        = {Fruit and vegetable consumption and prospective weight change in participants of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol, Cessation of Smoking, Eating Out of Home, and Obesity study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.111.019968},
  volume       = {95},
  year         = {2012},
}