Advanced

Evaluation of commercial microbial hydrocolloids concerning their effects on plasma lipids and caecal formation of SCFA in mice

Lindström, Cecilia LU ; Holst, Olle LU ; Hellstrand, Per LU ; Öste, Rickard LU and Andersson, Kristina E LU (2012) In Food Hydrocolloids 28(2). p.367-372
Abstract
Exopolysaccharides (EPS) are excreted by microorganisms into the surrounding environment and have been shown to have various physiological effects and are commonly used as food additives due to their rheological properties. Four commercially available microbial EPS with different polymeric structures and composition were tested in LDL receptor knock-out mice to investigate their effect on blood cholesterol, lipoproteins and caecal formation of SCFA. After four weeks on a Western diet supplemented with 4% EPS there were significant increases in caecal content and caecal tissue weight for the EPS groups compared to the control. The total pool of caecal short chain fatty acids was increased when mice were fed scleroglucan, xanthan and... (More)
Exopolysaccharides (EPS) are excreted by microorganisms into the surrounding environment and have been shown to have various physiological effects and are commonly used as food additives due to their rheological properties. Four commercially available microbial EPS with different polymeric structures and composition were tested in LDL receptor knock-out mice to investigate their effect on blood cholesterol, lipoproteins and caecal formation of SCFA. After four weeks on a Western diet supplemented with 4% EPS there were significant increases in caecal content and caecal tissue weight for the EPS groups compared to the control. The total pool of caecal short chain fatty acids was increased when mice were fed scleroglucan, xanthan and dextran. There were no differences in plasma cholesterol levels on the experimental diets compared to the control. Plasma triglycerides did not differ between groups. The results indicate that EPS supplementation to a Western diet may help in maintaining a healthy intestinal environment. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Exopolysaccharides, Hydrocolloids, Cholesterol, SCFA
in
Food Hydrocolloids
volume
28
issue
2
pages
367 - 372
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000301377400016
  • scopus:84857206878
ISSN
0268-005X
DOI
10.1016/j.foodhyd.2012.01.019
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e4e2e179-946d-420e-b9bd-a243da214357 (old id 2515349)
date added to LUP
2012-05-15 08:29:07
date last changed
2017-10-22 03:31:30
@article{e4e2e179-946d-420e-b9bd-a243da214357,
  abstract     = {Exopolysaccharides (EPS) are excreted by microorganisms into the surrounding environment and have been shown to have various physiological effects and are commonly used as food additives due to their rheological properties. Four commercially available microbial EPS with different polymeric structures and composition were tested in LDL receptor knock-out mice to investigate their effect on blood cholesterol, lipoproteins and caecal formation of SCFA. After four weeks on a Western diet supplemented with 4% EPS there were significant increases in caecal content and caecal tissue weight for the EPS groups compared to the control. The total pool of caecal short chain fatty acids was increased when mice were fed scleroglucan, xanthan and dextran. There were no differences in plasma cholesterol levels on the experimental diets compared to the control. Plasma triglycerides did not differ between groups. The results indicate that EPS supplementation to a Western diet may help in maintaining a healthy intestinal environment. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Lindström, Cecilia and Holst, Olle and Hellstrand, Per and Öste, Rickard and Andersson, Kristina E},
  issn         = {0268-005X},
  keyword      = {Exopolysaccharides,Hydrocolloids,Cholesterol,SCFA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {367--372},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Food Hydrocolloids},
  title        = {Evaluation of commercial microbial hydrocolloids concerning their effects on plasma lipids and caecal formation of SCFA in mice},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2012.01.019},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2012},
}