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Undervisa mot våld. Attityder, läromedel, arbetssätt

Möller, Tore LU (2001) In Studia Psychologica et Paedagogica
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Abstract Syftena med det i projektet beskrivna inlärnings- experimentet var att studera barns attityder till våld och att med ett attitydtest undersöka effekterna av undervisning mot våld. Samtidigt jämfördes individuellt arbete och grupparbete samt användningen av tre slag av läromedel: texter, bilder och muntliga uppgifter. Både process- och produktvariabler undersöktes. Deltagare var elever i åldrarna 10-13 år, fördelat på experimentgrupp (32 klasser) och kontrollgrupp (12 klasser).



Analys av testresultaten visar ökat avståndstagande till våld för årskurs 4 (10-11 år), flickor, underbegåvade, låg social position i klassen, rädda och blyga elever samt elever som bor i... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Abstract Syftena med det i projektet beskrivna inlärnings- experimentet var att studera barns attityder till våld och att med ett attitydtest undersöka effekterna av undervisning mot våld. Samtidigt jämfördes individuellt arbete och grupparbete samt användningen av tre slag av läromedel: texter, bilder och muntliga uppgifter. Både process- och produktvariabler undersöktes. Deltagare var elever i åldrarna 10-13 år, fördelat på experimentgrupp (32 klasser) och kontrollgrupp (12 klasser).



Analys av testresultaten visar ökat avståndstagande till våld för årskurs 4 (10-11 år), flickor, underbegåvade, låg social position i klassen, rädda och blyga elever samt elever som bor i flerfamiljshus. Ökat accepterande av våld noterades för årskurs 6 (12-13 år), pojkar, hög social position i klassen, tuffa och orädda elever samt elever som bor i villa. Individualtestning resulterade i övervägande högre värden på eftertestet. Genom faktoranalys erhölls främst de två faktorerna "nöjesvåld" och "kamratvåld" samt en generell faktor. Totalbedömning av testresultaten visar, att de nära 1000 eleverna i mycket stor utsträckning är negativa till det våld som lektionsuppgifterna i frågor och påståenden behandlade.De grupparbetande eleverna hade högre produktion av ord i arbetet under lektionerna än de individuellt arbetande. Elevernas utvärdering av de nio arbetslektionerna visade högre värden för elever som arbetade i grupp med undantag för bearbetning av textmaterial. Elevutvärderingen gav till resultat högst poäng för textläromedel, medan lektionerna som bearbetade bildmaterial hade lägst värden. Jämförelser mellan skolklasser visade betydande skillnader. (Less)
Abstract
The main aim of this study has been to influence the attitudes of students, Grades 4-6, in order that they will become opposed to the use of violence. The entire project was conducted during a full academic 20-credit term, as part of inter- mediate level teachers' training. The purpose of this learning experiment was threefold: 1. To study children's attitudes towards violence. 2. To study the effects of the teaching program. 3. To compare the effects of individual versus teamwork learning for students. The experimental group consisted of 608 students from 32 classes. A test was constructed to identify students' attitudes to compulsion, violence and aggression and their perceptions of these types of behaviour both in their spare time and... (More)
The main aim of this study has been to influence the attitudes of students, Grades 4-6, in order that they will become opposed to the use of violence. The entire project was conducted during a full academic 20-credit term, as part of inter- mediate level teachers' training. The purpose of this learning experiment was threefold: 1. To study children's attitudes towards violence. 2. To study the effects of the teaching program. 3. To compare the effects of individual versus teamwork learning for students. The experimental group consisted of 608 students from 32 classes. A test was constructed to identify students' attitudes to compulsion, violence and aggression and their perceptions of these types of behaviour both in their spare time and at school. A factor analysis was performed to insure the validity and reliability of the instrument. The learning material used in the experimental group throughout the nine classroom sessions consisted of texts, pictures, and oral presentations. The results of the pre-test and post-test revealed that the following groups demonstrated greater disassociation towards violence: girls, students possessing a higher aptitude, more anxious students, students in the 4th grade, and students with a lower social position within the classroom. As the children strongly repudiated violence already in the pre-test, the effects of the learning sessions were weak. The difference between individual and group learning was small according to the test. On the other hand, pupils working in groups produced more during the lessons and rated the work higher. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Carlström, Inge
organization
alternative title
Educating for violence prevention: Attitudes, teaching aids, ways of working.
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Pedagogy and didactics, violence, teacher aids, teacher training, comprehensive school, Attitude research, bullying, Pedagogik, didaktik, Psychology, Psykologi
in
Studia Psychologica et Paedagogica
pages
215 pages
publisher
Department of Educational and Psychological Research, School of Education, Lund University at Malmö
defense location
Februari, 2, 2001, Department of Education and Psychological Research, School of Education, Malmö University, Sal E 122
defense date
2001-02-02 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUSADG (SAPP-1079) 1-215 (2001)
ISSN
0346-5926
ISBN
91-88810-17-8
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
54336b27-6bff-4faa-9cee-0f9faddd3e0f (old id 27757)
date added to LUP
2007-06-07 16:40:02
date last changed
2018-05-29 12:16:40
@phdthesis{54336b27-6bff-4faa-9cee-0f9faddd3e0f,
  abstract     = {The main aim of this study has been to influence the attitudes of students, Grades 4-6, in order that they will become opposed to the use of violence. The entire project was conducted during a full academic 20-credit term, as part of inter- mediate level teachers' training. The purpose of this learning experiment was threefold: 1. To study children's attitudes towards violence. 2. To study the effects of the teaching program. 3. To compare the effects of individual versus teamwork learning for students. The experimental group consisted of 608 students from 32 classes. A test was constructed to identify students' attitudes to compulsion, violence and aggression and their perceptions of these types of behaviour both in their spare time and at school. A factor analysis was performed to insure the validity and reliability of the instrument. The learning material used in the experimental group throughout the nine classroom sessions consisted of texts, pictures, and oral presentations. The results of the pre-test and post-test revealed that the following groups demonstrated greater disassociation towards violence: girls, students possessing a higher aptitude, more anxious students, students in the 4th grade, and students with a lower social position within the classroom. As the children strongly repudiated violence already in the pre-test, the effects of the learning sessions were weak. The difference between individual and group learning was small according to the test. On the other hand, pupils working in groups produced more during the lessons and rated the work higher.},
  author       = {Möller, Tore},
  isbn         = {91-88810-17-8},
  issn         = {0346-5926},
  keyword      = {Pedagogy and didactics,violence,teacher aids,teacher training,comprehensive school,Attitude research,bullying,Pedagogik,didaktik,Psychology,Psykologi},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {215},
  publisher    = {Department of Educational and Psychological Research, School of Education, Lund University at Malmö},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Studia Psychologica et Paedagogica},
  title        = {Undervisa mot våld. Attityder, läromedel, arbetssätt},
  year         = {2001},
}