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Impact of postprandial glycaemia on health and prevention of disease.

Blaak, E E; Antoine, J-M; Benton, D; Björck, Inger LU ; Bozzetto, L; Brouns, F; Diamant, M; Dye, L; Hulshof, T and Holst, J J, et al. (2012) In Obesity Reviews 13(10). p.923-984
Abstract
Postprandial glucose, together with related hyperinsulinemia and lipidaemia, has been implicated in the development of chronic metabolic diseases like obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this review, available evidence is discussed on postprandial glucose in relation to body weight control, the development of oxidative stress, T2DM, and CVD and in maintaining optimal exercise and cognitive performance. There is mechanistic evidence linking postprandial glycaemia or glycaemic variability to the development of these conditions or in the impairment in cognitive and exercise perfomance. Nevertheless, postprandial glycaemia is interrelated with many other (risk) factors as well as to fasting glucose. In... (More)
Postprandial glucose, together with related hyperinsulinemia and lipidaemia, has been implicated in the development of chronic metabolic diseases like obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this review, available evidence is discussed on postprandial glucose in relation to body weight control, the development of oxidative stress, T2DM, and CVD and in maintaining optimal exercise and cognitive performance. There is mechanistic evidence linking postprandial glycaemia or glycaemic variability to the development of these conditions or in the impairment in cognitive and exercise perfomance. Nevertheless, postprandial glycaemia is interrelated with many other (risk) factors as well as to fasting glucose. In many studies, meal-related glycaemic response is not sufficiently characterized, or the methodology with respect to the description of food or meal composition, or the duration of the measurement of postprandial glycaemia is limited. It is evident that more randomized controlled dietary intervention trials using effective low vs. high glucose response diets are necessary in order to draw more definite conclusions on the role of postprandial glycaemia in relation to health and disease. Also of importance is the evaluation of the potential role of the time course of postprandial glycaemia. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Obesity Reviews
volume
13
issue
10
pages
923 - 984
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000309187500008
  • pmid:22780564
  • scopus:84866768378
ISSN
1467-7881
DOI
10.1111/j.1467-789X.2012.01011.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
30a5e8dc-3508-44c5-abea-220c2b5b7973 (old id 2967292)
date added to LUP
2012-09-05 10:39:39
date last changed
2017-11-19 03:19:48
@article{30a5e8dc-3508-44c5-abea-220c2b5b7973,
  abstract     = {Postprandial glucose, together with related hyperinsulinemia and lipidaemia, has been implicated in the development of chronic metabolic diseases like obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this review, available evidence is discussed on postprandial glucose in relation to body weight control, the development of oxidative stress, T2DM, and CVD and in maintaining optimal exercise and cognitive performance. There is mechanistic evidence linking postprandial glycaemia or glycaemic variability to the development of these conditions or in the impairment in cognitive and exercise perfomance. Nevertheless, postprandial glycaemia is interrelated with many other (risk) factors as well as to fasting glucose. In many studies, meal-related glycaemic response is not sufficiently characterized, or the methodology with respect to the description of food or meal composition, or the duration of the measurement of postprandial glycaemia is limited. It is evident that more randomized controlled dietary intervention trials using effective low vs. high glucose response diets are necessary in order to draw more definite conclusions on the role of postprandial glycaemia in relation to health and disease. Also of importance is the evaluation of the potential role of the time course of postprandial glycaemia.},
  author       = {Blaak, E E and Antoine, J-M and Benton, D and Björck, Inger and Bozzetto, L and Brouns, F and Diamant, M and Dye, L and Hulshof, T and Holst, J J and Lamport, D J and Laville, M and Lawton, C L and Meheust, A and Nilsson, Anne and Normand, S and Rivellese, A A and Theis, S and Torekov, S S and Vinoy, S},
  issn         = {1467-7881},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {923--984},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Obesity Reviews},
  title        = {Impact of postprandial glycaemia on health and prevention of disease.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2012.01011.x},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2012},
}