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Climate Change, Adaptation, and Formal Education: the Role of Schooling for Increasing Societies' Adaptive Capacities in El Salvador and Brazil

Wamsler, Christine LU ; Brink, Ebba LU and Rantala, Oskari (2012) In Ecology & Society 17(2). p.2-2
Abstract
With a worldwide increase in disasters, the effects of climate change are already being felt, and it is the urban poor in developing countries who are most at risk. There is an urgent need to better understand the factors that determine people's capacity to cope with and adapt to adverse climate conditions. This paper examines the influence of formal education in determining the adaptive capacity of the residents of two low-income settlements: Los Manantiales in San Salvador (El Salvador) and Rocinha in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), where climate-related disasters are recurrent. In both case study areas, it was found that the average levels of education were lower for households living at high risk, as opposed to residents of lower risk areas.... (More)
With a worldwide increase in disasters, the effects of climate change are already being felt, and it is the urban poor in developing countries who are most at risk. There is an urgent need to better understand the factors that determine people's capacity to cope with and adapt to adverse climate conditions. This paper examines the influence of formal education in determining the adaptive capacity of the residents of two low-income settlements: Los Manantiales in San Salvador (El Salvador) and Rocinha in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), where climate-related disasters are recurrent. In both case study areas, it was found that the average levels of education were lower for households living at high risk, as opposed to residents of lower risk areas. In this context, the influence of people's level of education was identified to be twofold due to (a) its direct effect on aspects that reduce risk, and (b) its mitigating effect on aspects that increase risk. The results further suggest that education plays a more determinant role for women than for men in relation to their capacity to adapt. In light of these results, the limited effectiveness of institutional support identified by this study might also relate to the fact that the role of formal education has so far not been sufficiently explored. Promoting (improved access to and quality of) formal education as a way to increase people's adaptive capacity is further supported with respect to the negative effects of disasters on people's level of education, which in turn reduce their adaptive capacity, resulting in a vicious circle of increasing risk. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
adaptation, adaptive capacity, Brazil, climate change, coping capacity, disaster, education, El Salvador, flood, income, informal settlement, landslide, risk reduction
in
Ecology & Society
volume
17
issue
2
pages
2 - 2
publisher
The Resilience Alliance
external identifiers
  • wos:000306067400011
  • scopus:84864477813
ISSN
1708-3087
DOI
10.5751/ES-04645-170202
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2eef1a20-1751-4582-a6f2-aa9f972b1a7f (old id 3008031)
alternative location
http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol17/iss2/art2/
date added to LUP
2012-08-21 08:44:53
date last changed
2017-07-23 04:01:05
@article{2eef1a20-1751-4582-a6f2-aa9f972b1a7f,
  abstract     = {With a worldwide increase in disasters, the effects of climate change are already being felt, and it is the urban poor in developing countries who are most at risk. There is an urgent need to better understand the factors that determine people's capacity to cope with and adapt to adverse climate conditions. This paper examines the influence of formal education in determining the adaptive capacity of the residents of two low-income settlements: Los Manantiales in San Salvador (El Salvador) and Rocinha in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), where climate-related disasters are recurrent. In both case study areas, it was found that the average levels of education were lower for households living at high risk, as opposed to residents of lower risk areas. In this context, the influence of people's level of education was identified to be twofold due to (a) its direct effect on aspects that reduce risk, and (b) its mitigating effect on aspects that increase risk. The results further suggest that education plays a more determinant role for women than for men in relation to their capacity to adapt. In light of these results, the limited effectiveness of institutional support identified by this study might also relate to the fact that the role of formal education has so far not been sufficiently explored. Promoting (improved access to and quality of) formal education as a way to increase people's adaptive capacity is further supported with respect to the negative effects of disasters on people's level of education, which in turn reduce their adaptive capacity, resulting in a vicious circle of increasing risk.},
  author       = {Wamsler, Christine and Brink, Ebba and Rantala, Oskari},
  issn         = {1708-3087},
  keyword      = {adaptation,adaptive capacity,Brazil,climate change,coping capacity,disaster,education,El Salvador,flood,income,informal settlement,landslide,risk reduction},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {2--2},
  publisher    = {The Resilience Alliance},
  series       = {Ecology & Society},
  title        = {Climate Change, Adaptation, and Formal Education: the Role of Schooling for Increasing Societies' Adaptive Capacities in El Salvador and Brazil},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-04645-170202},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2012},
}