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Predictors of work disability during the first 3 years after diagnosis in a national rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort.

Olofsson, Tor O LU ; Petersson, Ingemar LU ; Eriksson, Jonas LU ; Englund, Martin LU ; Simard, Julia F; Nilsson, Jan-Åke LU ; Geborek, Pierre LU ; Jacobsson, Lennart LU ; Askling, Johan and Neovius, Martin (2014) In Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 73(5). p.845-853
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of sick leave and disability pension in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Individuals aged 19-59 years diagnosed with early RA (≤12 months symptom duration) were identified in the Swedish Rheumatology Quality Register (1999-2007; n=3029). We retrieved days of sick leave and disability pension from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency and baseline predictors of total work days lost during 3 years after RA diagnosis were investigated using linear regression. Due to effect modification by baseline work ability (defined as work days lost the month before diagnosis), analyses were stratified into three categories: full=0 work days lost the month before diagnosis; partial=1-29 work days... (More)
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of sick leave and disability pension in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Individuals aged 19-59 years diagnosed with early RA (≤12 months symptom duration) were identified in the Swedish Rheumatology Quality Register (1999-2007; n=3029). We retrieved days of sick leave and disability pension from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency and baseline predictors of total work days lost during 3 years after RA diagnosis were investigated using linear regression. Due to effect modification by baseline work ability (defined as work days lost the month before diagnosis), analyses were stratified into three categories: full=0 work days lost the month before diagnosis; partial=1-29 work days lost; and none=30 work days lost. RESULTS: 71% of patients with full baseline work ability still had full work ability after 3 years compared with 36% (p<0.001) and 18% (p<0.001) of those with partial and no work ability at baseline, respectively. Elevated baseline levels of HAQ and DAS28, higher age, lower education level and unemployment were associated with more work days lost during 3 years in all strata of baseline work ability (all p<0.05). In a separate analysis, more objective variables (ESR, CRP and swollen joints) were not. Generally, the largest regression coefficients were seen for patients with partial baseline work ability. CONCLUSIONS: Work ability at RA diagnosis was the most important predictor of 3-year sick leave and disability pension. Taking this into account, HAQ, DAS28, age and education level were also significant predictors, whereas ESR and CRP were not. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
volume
73
issue
5
pages
845 - 853
publisher
British Medical Association
external identifiers
  • pmid:23520035
  • wos:000333767300016
  • scopus:84897975144
ISSN
1468-2060
DOI
10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-202911
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fc610dea-816f-4f56-b48b-5eb2419b1912 (old id 3627793)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23520035?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2013-04-07 16:09:01
date last changed
2017-11-05 03:26:08
@article{fc610dea-816f-4f56-b48b-5eb2419b1912,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of sick leave and disability pension in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Individuals aged 19-59 years diagnosed with early RA (≤12 months symptom duration) were identified in the Swedish Rheumatology Quality Register (1999-2007; n=3029). We retrieved days of sick leave and disability pension from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency and baseline predictors of total work days lost during 3 years after RA diagnosis were investigated using linear regression. Due to effect modification by baseline work ability (defined as work days lost the month before diagnosis), analyses were stratified into three categories: full=0 work days lost the month before diagnosis; partial=1-29 work days lost; and none=30 work days lost. RESULTS: 71% of patients with full baseline work ability still had full work ability after 3 years compared with 36% (p&lt;0.001) and 18% (p&lt;0.001) of those with partial and no work ability at baseline, respectively. Elevated baseline levels of HAQ and DAS28, higher age, lower education level and unemployment were associated with more work days lost during 3 years in all strata of baseline work ability (all p&lt;0.05). In a separate analysis, more objective variables (ESR, CRP and swollen joints) were not. Generally, the largest regression coefficients were seen for patients with partial baseline work ability. CONCLUSIONS: Work ability at RA diagnosis was the most important predictor of 3-year sick leave and disability pension. Taking this into account, HAQ, DAS28, age and education level were also significant predictors, whereas ESR and CRP were not.},
  author       = {Olofsson, Tor O and Petersson, Ingemar and Eriksson, Jonas and Englund, Martin and Simard, Julia F and Nilsson, Jan-Åke and Geborek, Pierre and Jacobsson, Lennart and Askling, Johan and Neovius, Martin},
  issn         = {1468-2060},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {845--853},
  publisher    = {British Medical Association},
  series       = {Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases},
  title        = {Predictors of work disability during the first 3 years after diagnosis in a national rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2012-202911},
  volume       = {73},
  year         = {2014},
}