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Decreased biventricular longitudinal strain in patients with systemic sclerosis is mainly caused by pulmonary hypertension and not by systemic sclerosis per se

Lindholm, Anthony LU ; Hesselstrand, Roger LU ; Rådegran, Göran LU ; Arheden, Håkan LU and Ostenfeld, Ellen LU (2019) In Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging 39(3). p.215-225
Abstract

Purpose: Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) due to systemic sclerosis (SSc) have high mortality. Left ventricular (LV) peak global longitudinal strain (GLS) is decreased in SSc. It is unknown whether low GLS is due to SSc or PAH. Therefore, our primary aim was to evaluate both LV and right ventricular free wall GLS (RVFW GLS) in SSc, with and without PAH, using cardiac magnetic resonance with feature tracking. Secondary aim was to relate GLS to invasive mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Methods: Thirty-eight patients with SSc, 19 patients with SSc-PAH and 19 healthy controls for comparison, were included. Endocardial and epicardial borders were delineated in cine images... (More)

Purpose: Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) due to systemic sclerosis (SSc) have high mortality. Left ventricular (LV) peak global longitudinal strain (GLS) is decreased in SSc. It is unknown whether low GLS is due to SSc or PAH. Therefore, our primary aim was to evaluate both LV and right ventricular free wall GLS (RVFW GLS) in SSc, with and without PAH, using cardiac magnetic resonance with feature tracking. Secondary aim was to relate GLS to invasive mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Methods: Thirty-eight patients with SSc, 19 patients with SSc-PAH and 19 healthy controls for comparison, were included. Endocardial and epicardial borders were delineated in cine images (short-axis stack and three long-axis views) for volumetric and strain calculations. Results: Systemic sclerosis-PAH had lower LV and RVFW GLS than SSc (LV: P = 0·01, RV: P<0·001) and controls (LV: P = 0·02; RV: P<0·001), with no difference between SSc and controls. LV strain correlated with mPAP (R = 0·42, P = 0·03) and PVR (R = 0·52, P = 0·006). RVFW GLS correlated with mPAP (R = 0·68, P<0·001) and PVR (R = 0·59, P = 0·001). ROC curves for predicting PAH had AUC 0·73 for LV strain (P = 0·003) and 0·86 for RVFW GLS (P<0·001). Conclusions: Lower GLS is mainly determined by increased pulmonary pressure and not by SSc per se. Low LV and RVFW GLS are indicative of increased mPAP and PVR, which opens for improved non-invasive methods to select patients eligible for right heart catheterization and to monitor the effects of PAH therapy.

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organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, feature tracking, left ventricle, peak global longitudinal strain, pulmonary arterial hypertension, right ventricle
in
Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
volume
39
issue
3
pages
215 - 225
publisher
Wiley Online Library
external identifiers
  • scopus:85060183426
ISSN
1475-0961
DOI
10.1111/cpf.12561
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3705c7ff-8868-476c-9b81-e88f074d6378
date added to LUP
2019-01-29 14:21:49
date last changed
2019-05-20 07:33:54
@article{3705c7ff-8868-476c-9b81-e88f074d6378,
  abstract     = {<p>Purpose: Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) due to systemic sclerosis (SSc) have high mortality. Left ventricular (LV) peak global longitudinal strain (GLS) is decreased in SSc. It is unknown whether low GLS is due to SSc or PAH. Therefore, our primary aim was to evaluate both LV and right ventricular free wall GLS (RVFW GLS) in SSc, with and without PAH, using cardiac magnetic resonance with feature tracking. Secondary aim was to relate GLS to invasive mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Methods: Thirty-eight patients with SSc, 19 patients with SSc-PAH and 19 healthy controls for comparison, were included. Endocardial and epicardial borders were delineated in cine images (short-axis stack and three long-axis views) for volumetric and strain calculations. Results: Systemic sclerosis-PAH had lower LV and RVFW GLS than SSc (LV: P = 0·01, RV: P&lt;0·001) and controls (LV: P = 0·02; RV: P&lt;0·001), with no difference between SSc and controls. LV strain correlated with mPAP (R = 0·42, P = 0·03) and PVR (R = 0·52, P = 0·006). RVFW GLS correlated with mPAP (R = 0·68, P&lt;0·001) and PVR (R = 0·59, P = 0·001). ROC curves for predicting PAH had AUC 0·73 for LV strain (P = 0·003) and 0·86 for RVFW GLS (P&lt;0·001). Conclusions: Lower GLS is mainly determined by increased pulmonary pressure and not by SSc per se. Low LV and RVFW GLS are indicative of increased mPAP and PVR, which opens for improved non-invasive methods to select patients eligible for right heart catheterization and to monitor the effects of PAH therapy.</p>},
  author       = {Lindholm, Anthony and Hesselstrand, Roger and Rådegran, Göran and Arheden, Håkan and Ostenfeld, Ellen},
  issn         = {1475-0961},
  keyword      = {cardiac magnetic resonance imaging,feature tracking,left ventricle,peak global longitudinal strain,pulmonary arterial hypertension,right ventricle},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {215--225},
  publisher    = {Wiley Online Library},
  series       = {Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging},
  title        = {Decreased biventricular longitudinal strain in patients with systemic sclerosis is mainly caused by pulmonary hypertension and not by systemic sclerosis per se},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cpf.12561},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2019},
}