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Mechanical effects of compression of peripheral nerves

Dahlin, L B LU ; Danielsen, N LU ; Ehira, T; Lundborg, G LU and Rydevik, B (1986) In Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 108(2). p.2-120
Abstract

Effects of graded compression on nerve function were analyzed in order to evaluate the relative importance of pressure level and duration of compression for functional deterioration. The pressure was applied by means of a small inflatable cuff. The effects of two pressure levels, i.e., 80 mm Hg applied for 2 hr or 400 mm Hg applied for 15 min, were studied in rabbit tibial nerves. The lower pressure tested, which is known to induce ischemia of the compressed nerve segment, also causes some degree of mechanical deformation of the nerve trunk, which leads to incomplete recovery following pressure release. The duration of compression is of importance for the degree of nerve injury even at the higher pressure level tested.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Animals, Biomechanical Phenomena, Disease Models, Animal, Electric Conductivity, Nerve Compression Syndromes, Peripheral Nerves, Rabbits, Stress, Mechanical, Tibial Nerve, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
in
Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
volume
108
issue
2
pages
2 - 120
publisher
American Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
external identifiers
  • scopus:0022708351
ISSN
0148-0731
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
382da568-79be-4123-9f99-ef5ed59f4a09
date added to LUP
2017-10-13 14:09:12
date last changed
2017-11-06 10:17:26
@article{382da568-79be-4123-9f99-ef5ed59f4a09,
  abstract     = {<p>Effects of graded compression on nerve function were analyzed in order to evaluate the relative importance of pressure level and duration of compression for functional deterioration. The pressure was applied by means of a small inflatable cuff. The effects of two pressure levels, i.e., 80 mm Hg applied for 2 hr or 400 mm Hg applied for 15 min, were studied in rabbit tibial nerves. The lower pressure tested, which is known to induce ischemia of the compressed nerve segment, also causes some degree of mechanical deformation of the nerve trunk, which leads to incomplete recovery following pressure release. The duration of compression is of importance for the degree of nerve injury even at the higher pressure level tested.</p>},
  author       = {Dahlin, L B and Danielsen, N and Ehira, T and Lundborg, G and Rydevik, B},
  issn         = {0148-0731},
  keyword      = {Animals,Biomechanical Phenomena,Disease Models, Animal,Electric Conductivity,Nerve Compression Syndromes,Peripheral Nerves,Rabbits,Stress, Mechanical,Tibial Nerve,Journal Article,Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {2--120},
  publisher    = {American Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)},
  series       = {Journal of Biomechanical Engineering},
  title        = {Mechanical effects of compression of peripheral nerves},
  volume       = {108},
  year         = {1986},
}