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Antonym canonicity: Temporal and contextual manipulations

van de Weijer, Joost LU ; Paradis, Carita LU ; Willners, Caroline LU and Lindgren, Magnus LU (2014) In Brain and Language 128(1). p.1-8
Abstract (Swedish)
Abstract in Undetermined

Previous research on antonyms has shown that some pairings form more felicitous couplings than others. Following up on that research, we conducted two semantic categorization experiments using Event Related Potentials to establish whether there are neurophysiological differences related to levels of antonym canonicity. In Experiment 1, the members of canonical antonym pairs (e.g. black-white), non-canonical antonym pairs (e.g. white-dark) and unrelated word pairs (e.g. bumpy-small) were presented in isolation separated either by a short (200ms) or a long (800ms) time interval. The canonical antonyms gave rise to significantly lower N400 amplitudes than both non-canonical antonyms and unrelated... (More)
Abstract in Undetermined

Previous research on antonyms has shown that some pairings form more felicitous couplings than others. Following up on that research, we conducted two semantic categorization experiments using Event Related Potentials to establish whether there are neurophysiological differences related to levels of antonym canonicity. In Experiment 1, the members of canonical antonym pairs (e.g. black-white), non-canonical antonym pairs (e.g. white-dark) and unrelated word pairs (e.g. bumpy-small) were presented in isolation separated either by a short (200ms) or a long (800ms) time interval. The canonical antonyms gave rise to significantly lower N400 amplitudes than both non-canonical antonyms and unrelated pairs, but no significant difference in N400 amplitudes for non-canonical and unrelated pairs was found. In Experiment 2, the same pairs were presented in a congruent context. Significant differences in N400 amplitudes across all three conditions were found, also between non-canonical antonyms and unrelated word pairs. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Brain and Language
volume
128
issue
1
pages
1 - 8
publisher
Academic Press
external identifiers
  • pmid:24269667
  • wos:000330605900001
  • scopus:84887962369
ISSN
1090-2155
DOI
10.1016/j.bandl.2013.10.011
project
Cognition, Communication and Learning
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d025d8be-ab58-4591-a5d1-37bfce63ceef (old id 4118530)
date added to LUP
2013-10-29 14:36:24
date last changed
2017-11-05 03:08:20
@article{d025d8be-ab58-4591-a5d1-37bfce63ceef,
  abstract     = {<b>Abstract in Undetermined</b><br/><br>
Previous research on antonyms has shown that some pairings form more felicitous couplings than others. Following up on that research, we conducted two semantic categorization experiments using Event Related Potentials to establish whether there are neurophysiological differences related to levels of antonym canonicity. In Experiment 1, the members of canonical antonym pairs (e.g. black-white), non-canonical antonym pairs (e.g. white-dark) and unrelated word pairs (e.g. bumpy-small) were presented in isolation separated either by a short (200ms) or a long (800ms) time interval. The canonical antonyms gave rise to significantly lower N400 amplitudes than both non-canonical antonyms and unrelated pairs, but no significant difference in N400 amplitudes for non-canonical and unrelated pairs was found. In Experiment 2, the same pairs were presented in a congruent context. Significant differences in N400 amplitudes across all three conditions were found, also between non-canonical antonyms and unrelated word pairs.},
  author       = {van de Weijer, Joost and Paradis, Carita and Willners, Caroline and Lindgren, Magnus},
  issn         = {1090-2155},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {1--8},
  publisher    = {Academic Press},
  series       = {Brain and Language},
  title        = {Antonym canonicity: Temporal and contextual manipulations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2013.10.011},
  volume       = {128},
  year         = {2014},
}