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Cross-cultural validation of a simple self-report instrument of physical activity in immigrants from the Middle East and native Swedes.

Arvidsson, Daniel LU ; Leijon, Matti LU ; Sundquist, Jan LU ; Sundquist, Kristina LU ; Lindblad, Ulf LU and Bennet, Louise LU (2014) In Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 42(3). p.255-262
Abstract
To investigate cross-cultural validity of a simple self-report instrument of physical activity intended to be used in Swedish health care. Methods: A validation study performed in 599 Iraqis (58% men) and 553 Swedes (53% men) aged 30-75 years living in the city of Malmö, Sweden. The self-report instrument by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare was compared to corresponding measures assessed from accelerometry as reference. Results: The agreement between the methods in assessing the participants as sufficiently/insufficiently physically active (cut-point 150 min/week) was 65% in the Iraqis and 52% in the Swedes (p<0.001). The proportion disagreement where the self-reported physical activity was sufficient but insufficient... (More)
To investigate cross-cultural validity of a simple self-report instrument of physical activity intended to be used in Swedish health care. Methods: A validation study performed in 599 Iraqis (58% men) and 553 Swedes (53% men) aged 30-75 years living in the city of Malmö, Sweden. The self-report instrument by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare was compared to corresponding measures assessed from accelerometry as reference. Results: The agreement between the methods in assessing the participants as sufficiently/insufficiently physically active (cut-point 150 min/week) was 65% in the Iraqis and 52% in the Swedes (p<0.001). The proportion disagreement where the self-reported physical activity was sufficient but insufficient according to the accelerometry was 26% and 45% in Iraqis and Swedes, respectively. Physical activity time (min/week) was overestimated by self-report compared to accelerometry by 71% in the Iraqis and 115% in the Swedes (p<0.001). The smallest and largest overestimation was seen in Iraqi (57%) and Swedish (139%) women, respectively. The deviation of the self-report instrument compared to accelerometry was related to the physical activity level, as the overestimation mainly occurred at lower physical activity. Conclusions: The self-report instrument proposed by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare may overestimate the proportion sufficiently physically active, but to an extent depending on cultural background and gender. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
volume
42
issue
3
pages
255 - 262
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • pmid:24311536
  • wos:000336795100006
  • scopus:84899420750
ISSN
1651-1905
DOI
10.1177/1403494813514143
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
69465aef-d003-4166-a633-cea8dc1b572a (old id 4225153)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24311536?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2014-01-03 12:47:43
date last changed
2017-10-08 03:18:35
@article{69465aef-d003-4166-a633-cea8dc1b572a,
  abstract     = {To investigate cross-cultural validity of a simple self-report instrument of physical activity intended to be used in Swedish health care. Methods: A validation study performed in 599 Iraqis (58% men) and 553 Swedes (53% men) aged 30-75 years living in the city of Malmö, Sweden. The self-report instrument by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare was compared to corresponding measures assessed from accelerometry as reference. Results: The agreement between the methods in assessing the participants as sufficiently/insufficiently physically active (cut-point 150 min/week) was 65% in the Iraqis and 52% in the Swedes (p&lt;0.001). The proportion disagreement where the self-reported physical activity was sufficient but insufficient according to the accelerometry was 26% and 45% in Iraqis and Swedes, respectively. Physical activity time (min/week) was overestimated by self-report compared to accelerometry by 71% in the Iraqis and 115% in the Swedes (p&lt;0.001). The smallest and largest overestimation was seen in Iraqi (57%) and Swedish (139%) women, respectively. The deviation of the self-report instrument compared to accelerometry was related to the physical activity level, as the overestimation mainly occurred at lower physical activity. Conclusions: The self-report instrument proposed by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare may overestimate the proportion sufficiently physically active, but to an extent depending on cultural background and gender.},
  author       = {Arvidsson, Daniel and Leijon, Matti and Sundquist, Jan and Sundquist, Kristina and Lindblad, Ulf and Bennet, Louise},
  issn         = {1651-1905},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {255--262},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Public Health},
  title        = {Cross-cultural validation of a simple self-report instrument of physical activity in immigrants from the Middle East and native Swedes.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494813514143},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2014},
}