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Semantic profiles of antonymic adjectives in discourse

Paradis, Carita LU ; Löhndorf, Simone LU ; van de Weijer, Joost LU and Willners, Caroline LU (2015) In Linguistics 53(1). p.153-191
Abstract
This study has two goals: Firstly, to give an account of the semantic organization of individually used antonymic adjectives in discourse, and secondly, based on these finding, and previous work on antonymic meanings, contribute to a comprehensive theoretical account of their representation within the framework of Cognitive Linguistics. The hypothesis is that the members of the pairs are used in the same contexts and in the same type of constructions, not only when they co-occur and are used to express binary opposition as shown in previous work, but also otherwise. The manually coded corpus data from the BNC are analyzed along four semantic parameters: (i) the configuration of the adjectives in terms of gradability, (ii) the way they... (More)
This study has two goals: Firstly, to give an account of the semantic organization of individually used antonymic adjectives in discourse, and secondly, based on these finding, and previous work on antonymic meanings, contribute to a comprehensive theoretical account of their representation within the framework of Cognitive Linguistics. The hypothesis is that the members of the pairs are used in the same contexts and in the same type of constructions, not only when they co-occur and are used to express binary opposition as shown in previous work, but also otherwise. The manually coded corpus data from the BNC are analyzed along four semantic parameters: (i) the configuration of the adjectives in terms of gradability, (ii) the way they modify the nominal meanings, i.e. attributively or predicatively (iii) the meaning type of the modified nouns, and (iv) the status of the constructions with respect to whether their meanings are what we refer to as ‘basic’, metaphorical or metonymical. Multi-dimensional correspondence analysis technique is used to identify similarity spaces on the basis of the totality of the data. As predicted, our findings confirm a high degree of pairwise similarity – and some differences. On the basis of these results, it can be argued that the long-standing controversy within Structuralism between proponents of the co-occurrence hypothesis and the substitutability hypothesis in antonym research is a non-issue. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Opposition, gradability, nominal meaning, metaphor, metonymy, literal, scalar, corpus, adjectives, English, semantics, noun, attributive, figurative, syntagmatic, paradigmatic, substitution hypothesis, co-occurrence hypothesis
in
Linguistics
volume
53
issue
1
pages
153 - 191
publisher
Mouton de Gruyter
external identifiers
  • wos:000346849400005
  • scopus:84919630308
ISSN
1613-396X
DOI
10.1515/ling-2014-0035
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6a1db9f5-f313-42b6-8b47-841b34de122f (old id 4392621)
date added to LUP
2014-04-29 15:04:22
date last changed
2017-11-05 03:19:08
@article{6a1db9f5-f313-42b6-8b47-841b34de122f,
  abstract     = {This study has two goals: Firstly, to give an account of the semantic organization of individually used antonymic adjectives in discourse, and secondly, based on these finding, and previous work on antonymic meanings, contribute to a comprehensive theoretical account of their representation within the framework of Cognitive Linguistics. The hypothesis is that the members of the pairs are used in the same contexts and in the same type of constructions, not only when they co-occur and are used to express binary opposition as shown in previous work, but also otherwise. The manually coded corpus data from the BNC are analyzed along four semantic parameters: (i) the configuration of the adjectives in terms of gradability, (ii) the way they modify the nominal meanings, i.e. attributively or predicatively (iii) the meaning type of the modified nouns, and (iv) the status of the constructions with respect to whether their meanings are what we refer to as ‘basic’, metaphorical or metonymical. Multi-dimensional correspondence analysis technique is used to identify similarity spaces on the basis of the totality of the data. As predicted, our findings confirm a high degree of pairwise similarity – and some differences. On the basis of these results, it can be argued that the long-standing controversy within Structuralism between proponents of the co-occurrence hypothesis and the substitutability hypothesis in antonym research is a non-issue.},
  author       = {Paradis, Carita and Löhndorf, Simone and van de Weijer, Joost and Willners, Caroline},
  issn         = {1613-396X},
  keyword      = {Opposition,gradability,nominal meaning,metaphor,metonymy,literal,scalar,corpus,adjectives,English,semantics,noun,attributive,figurative,syntagmatic,paradigmatic,substitution hypothesis,co-occurrence hypothesis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {153--191},
  publisher    = {Mouton de Gruyter},
  series       = {Linguistics},
  title        = {Semantic profiles of antonymic adjectives in discourse},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ling-2014-0035},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {2015},
}