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Earwitnesses: the type of voice lineup affects the proportion of correct identifications and the realism in confidence judgments.

Sarwar, Farhan LU ; Allwood, Carl Martin LU and Zetterholm, Elisabeth LU (2014) In International Journal of Speech Language and the Law 21(1). p.139-155
Abstract
According to Tulving and Thomson (1973), similarity in encoding and recall contexts will facilitate recall. We investigated if similarity between the original voice event and the voice lineup helps people to identify the target from a voice lineup and helps improve the realism in participants' confidence judgments of the identification reports. Participants (n = 199) tried to identify a voice heard in a dialogue context that simulated two males, 22 and 27 years old, planning a burglary. In the Text-lineup condition six male speakers read a text from a book and in the Dialogue-lineup condition the same speakers had a dialogue with another male speaker. Each recording lasted approximately 30 seconds. The Text-lineup condition showed better... (More)
According to Tulving and Thomson (1973), similarity in encoding and recall contexts will facilitate recall. We investigated if similarity between the original voice event and the voice lineup helps people to identify the target from a voice lineup and helps improve the realism in participants' confidence judgments of the identification reports. Participants (n = 199) tried to identify a voice heard in a dialogue context that simulated two males, 22 and 27 years old, planning a burglary. In the Text-lineup condition six male speakers read a text from a book and in the Dialogue-lineup condition the same speakers had a dialogue with another male speaker. Each recording lasted approximately 30 seconds. The Text-lineup condition showed better identification accuracy, lower overconfidence and better calibration compared with the Dialogue-lineup condition. These results deviate from Tulving and Thomson's encoding specificity principle in memory psychology, maybe because text reading provides more useful voice features compared to dialogues. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
VOICE LINEUP, IDENTIFICATIONS, ENCODING SPECIFICITY PRINCIPLE, MEMORY, CONFIDENCE, REALISM IN CONFIDENCE
in
International Journal of Speech Language and the Law
volume
21
issue
1
pages
139 - 155
publisher
Equinox
external identifiers
  • wos:000338781900006
  • scopus:84903382809
ISSN
1748-8885
DOI
10.1558/ijsll.v21i1.139
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
638a4a64-2e67-4c14-ba3e-286f4ab42a16 (old id 4602535)
date added to LUP
2014-09-04 16:12:23
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:51:39
@article{638a4a64-2e67-4c14-ba3e-286f4ab42a16,
  abstract     = {According to Tulving and Thomson (1973), similarity in encoding and recall contexts will facilitate recall. We investigated if similarity between the original voice event and the voice lineup helps people to identify the target from a voice lineup and helps improve the realism in participants' confidence judgments of the identification reports. Participants (n = 199) tried to identify a voice heard in a dialogue context that simulated two males, 22 and 27 years old, planning a burglary. In the Text-lineup condition six male speakers read a text from a book and in the Dialogue-lineup condition the same speakers had a dialogue with another male speaker. Each recording lasted approximately 30 seconds. The Text-lineup condition showed better identification accuracy, lower overconfidence and better calibration compared with the Dialogue-lineup condition. These results deviate from Tulving and Thomson's encoding specificity principle in memory psychology, maybe because text reading provides more useful voice features compared to dialogues.},
  author       = {Sarwar, Farhan and Allwood, Carl Martin and Zetterholm, Elisabeth},
  issn         = {1748-8885},
  keyword      = {VOICE LINEUP,IDENTIFICATIONS,ENCODING SPECIFICITY PRINCIPLE,MEMORY,CONFIDENCE,REALISM IN CONFIDENCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {139--155},
  publisher    = {Equinox},
  series       = {International Journal of Speech Language and the Law},
  title        = {Earwitnesses: the type of voice lineup affects the proportion of correct identifications and the realism in confidence judgments.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1558/ijsll.v21i1.139},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2014},
}