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Osteoporosis knowledge and awareness among university students in Saudi Arabia

Khan, Jalaluddin A.; McGuigan, Fiona E. LU ; Akesson, Kristina E. LU ; Ahmed, Y. M.; Abdu, Faiza; Rajab, Hussam and Albaik, Mai (2019) In Archives of Osteoporosis 14(1).
Abstract

Awareness and knowledge about any disease is the first step to prevent and treat it, so this study evaluates osteoporosis awareness and knowledge in university students. Our results showed a high awareness and good knowledge of osteoporosis. Females were better informed than males. Knowledge increased with increasing education level. PURPOSE: Osteoporosis is a worldwide health problem, including Saudi Arabia where vitamin D deficiency is common. Prevention of osteoporosis must begin by increasing awareness of the disease from a young age. This study aimed to assess awareness and knowledge of osteoporosis among young adults (18-30 years) attending Saudi universities, exploring the relationship between education and gender and the sources... (More)

Awareness and knowledge about any disease is the first step to prevent and treat it, so this study evaluates osteoporosis awareness and knowledge in university students. Our results showed a high awareness and good knowledge of osteoporosis. Females were better informed than males. Knowledge increased with increasing education level. PURPOSE: Osteoporosis is a worldwide health problem, including Saudi Arabia where vitamin D deficiency is common. Prevention of osteoporosis must begin by increasing awareness of the disease from a young age. This study aimed to assess awareness and knowledge of osteoporosis among young adults (18-30 years) attending Saudi universities, exploring the relationship between education and gender and the sources of information in this age group. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 337 students (176 females; 161 males) randomly selected from four Saudi universities during January-December 2017. Education level ranged from preparatory year to undergraduate and postgraduate levels. A self-reported questionnaire was designed to assess awareness and knowledge of osteoporosis across several domains, including risk factors for the disease, prevalence, symptoms, prevention, and treatment. RESULTS: Overall, 92% of students had some awareness of osteoporosis through a variety of sources, predominantly via friends. Just over half of all students had a good or high knowledge level overall (53.4 ± 16.6%). Knowledge score correlated with education (r2 = 0.28) and gender (r2 = 0.27); p < 0.0001. Females were better informed than males (57.7 ± 15.4% vs 48.8 ± 16.8%; p < 0.0001). Knowledge increased with increasing education level (preparatory year (47.8 ± 15.3%), undergraduate (53.5 ± 16.5%), and postgraduate (61.8 ± 15.8%); all p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Knowledge of osteoporosis was good among university students in Saudi Arabia, higher in females and with increasing years of education. Overall, students were more knowledgeable about risk factors compared to other aspects such as symptoms, prevention, or treatment of osteoporosis.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Awareness, Knowledge, Osteoporosis, Saudi Arabia, Students, University
in
Archives of Osteoporosis
volume
14
issue
1
publisher
Springer London
external identifiers
  • scopus:85060023157
ISSN
1862-3522
DOI
10.1007/s11657-019-0560-y
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
48289da8-1c3f-4e0e-84d7-4f41458d618a
date added to LUP
2019-01-29 13:03:43
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:44:54
@article{48289da8-1c3f-4e0e-84d7-4f41458d618a,
  abstract     = {<p>Awareness and knowledge about any disease is the first step to prevent and treat it, so this study evaluates osteoporosis awareness and knowledge in university students. Our results showed a high awareness and good knowledge of osteoporosis. Females were better informed than males. Knowledge increased with increasing education level. PURPOSE: Osteoporosis is a worldwide health problem, including Saudi Arabia where vitamin D deficiency is common. Prevention of osteoporosis must begin by increasing awareness of the disease from a young age. This study aimed to assess awareness and knowledge of osteoporosis among young adults (18-30 years) attending Saudi universities, exploring the relationship between education and gender and the sources of information in this age group. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 337 students (176 females; 161 males) randomly selected from four Saudi universities during January-December 2017. Education level ranged from preparatory year to undergraduate and postgraduate levels. A self-reported questionnaire was designed to assess awareness and knowledge of osteoporosis across several domains, including risk factors for the disease, prevalence, symptoms, prevention, and treatment. RESULTS: Overall, 92% of students had some awareness of osteoporosis through a variety of sources, predominantly via friends. Just over half of all students had a good or high knowledge level overall (53.4 ± 16.6%). Knowledge score correlated with education (r2 = 0.28) and gender (r2 = 0.27); p &lt; 0.0001. Females were better informed than males (57.7 ± 15.4% vs 48.8 ± 16.8%; p &lt; 0.0001). Knowledge increased with increasing education level (preparatory year (47.8 ± 15.3%), undergraduate (53.5 ± 16.5%), and postgraduate (61.8 ± 15.8%); all p &lt; 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Knowledge of osteoporosis was good among university students in Saudi Arabia, higher in females and with increasing years of education. Overall, students were more knowledgeable about risk factors compared to other aspects such as symptoms, prevention, or treatment of osteoporosis.</p>},
  author       = {Khan, Jalaluddin A. and McGuigan, Fiona E. and Akesson, Kristina E. and Ahmed, Y. M. and Abdu, Faiza and Rajab, Hussam and Albaik, Mai},
  issn         = {1862-3522},
  keyword      = {Awareness,Knowledge,Osteoporosis,Saudi Arabia,Students,University},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {Springer London},
  series       = {Archives of Osteoporosis},
  title        = {Osteoporosis knowledge and awareness among university students in Saudi Arabia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11657-019-0560-y},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2019},
}