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The importance of gender roles and relations in rural agricultural technology development : a case study on solar fruit drying in Mozambique

Otte, Pia Piroschka; Tivana, Lucas Daniel LU ; Phinney, Randi LU ; Bernardo, Ricardo LU and Davidsson, Henrik LU (2018) In Gender, Technology and Development 22(1). p.40-58
Abstract

Many agricultural technology interventions that aim to improve farmers’ livelihoods focus on households as the unit of analysis and ignore gender roles that entail different benefits and costs for different household members. Agricultural projects have shown limited success where gender roles and relations were ignored and thus more gender sensitive research is needed in agricultural technology development to ensure social acceptance. In this study, we address this need by investigating the importance of gender roles and relations in the case of solar fruit drying in Mozambique. We apply a variety of gender sensitive participatory methods that enable farmers to actively take part in the technology development process. First results... (More)

Many agricultural technology interventions that aim to improve farmers’ livelihoods focus on households as the unit of analysis and ignore gender roles that entail different benefits and costs for different household members. Agricultural projects have shown limited success where gender roles and relations were ignored and thus more gender sensitive research is needed in agricultural technology development to ensure social acceptance. In this study, we address this need by investigating the importance of gender roles and relations in the case of solar fruit drying in Mozambique. We apply a variety of gender sensitive participatory methods that enable farmers to actively take part in the technology development process. First results indicate that the costs and benefits of solar fruit drying are not shared equally between genders. Women have much less time available for using the solar fruit dryer. The data also indicate that certain steps in the solar fruit drying process are clearly gender divided. We finally discuss potential mechanisms that can be applied in agricultural technology projects that can create awareness of the risk to reproduce traditional gender roles and unequal relations in the development process of new agricultural technologies.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
development, gender relations, Gender roles, Mozambique, solar fruit drying, technology
in
Gender, Technology and Development
volume
22
issue
1
pages
19 pages
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • scopus:85052125897
ISSN
0971-8524
DOI
10.1080/09718524.2018.1444442
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4aa00de1-beb2-4dbf-a7cb-0007d90512ff
date added to LUP
2018-09-27 14:20:32
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:28:09
@article{4aa00de1-beb2-4dbf-a7cb-0007d90512ff,
  abstract     = {<p>Many agricultural technology interventions that aim to improve farmers’ livelihoods focus on households as the unit of analysis and ignore gender roles that entail different benefits and costs for different household members. Agricultural projects have shown limited success where gender roles and relations were ignored and thus more gender sensitive research is needed in agricultural technology development to ensure social acceptance. In this study, we address this need by investigating the importance of gender roles and relations in the case of solar fruit drying in Mozambique. We apply a variety of gender sensitive participatory methods that enable farmers to actively take part in the technology development process. First results indicate that the costs and benefits of solar fruit drying are not shared equally between genders. Women have much less time available for using the solar fruit dryer. The data also indicate that certain steps in the solar fruit drying process are clearly gender divided. We finally discuss potential mechanisms that can be applied in agricultural technology projects that can create awareness of the risk to reproduce traditional gender roles and unequal relations in the development process of new agricultural technologies.</p>},
  author       = {Otte, Pia Piroschka and Tivana, Lucas Daniel and Phinney, Randi and Bernardo, Ricardo and Davidsson, Henrik},
  issn         = {0971-8524},
  keyword      = {development,gender relations,Gender roles,Mozambique,solar fruit drying,technology},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {40--58},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Gender, Technology and Development},
  title        = {The importance of gender roles and relations in rural agricultural technology development : a case study on solar fruit drying in Mozambique},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09718524.2018.1444442},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2018},
}