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Brain measures of toddlers’ shape recognition predict language and cognitive skills at 6–7 years

Borgström, Kristina LU ; Torkildsen, Janne von Koss; Sahlén, Birgitta LU and Lindgren, Magnus LU (2019) In Frontiers in Psychology 10(AUG).
Abstract

While a number of studies have found that an improvement in object shape recognition is associated with language growth in infants and toddlers, no published studies have investigated the longitudinal relation between early shape recognition, and language abilities in later childhood. An electrophysiological measure of semantic processing (the N400) was used to assess shape recognition and general object recognition in a naming context in 20-month-olds. The measures of shape recognition strongly predicted language and cognitive abilities at 6–7 years even after controlling for toddler vocabulary size. The electrophysiological measures of general object recognition were not related to future language or cognitive abilities. These results... (More)

While a number of studies have found that an improvement in object shape recognition is associated with language growth in infants and toddlers, no published studies have investigated the longitudinal relation between early shape recognition, and language abilities in later childhood. An electrophysiological measure of semantic processing (the N400) was used to assess shape recognition and general object recognition in a naming context in 20-month-olds. The measures of shape recognition strongly predicted language and cognitive abilities at 6–7 years even after controlling for toddler vocabulary size. The electrophysiological measures of general object recognition were not related to future language or cognitive abilities. These results suggest that early shape recognition abilities may play a role in language acquisition and influence even long-term language outcomes.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
ERP, Language development, N400, Shape bias, Shape recognition
in
Frontiers in Psychology
volume
10
issue
AUG
publisher
Frontiers
external identifiers
  • scopus:85071943034
ISSN
1664-1078
DOI
10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01945
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
75e77d82-2637-40b2-b145-52793b965118
date added to LUP
2019-09-23 14:44:43
date last changed
2019-10-15 07:16:59
@article{75e77d82-2637-40b2-b145-52793b965118,
  abstract     = {<p>While a number of studies have found that an improvement in object shape recognition is associated with language growth in infants and toddlers, no published studies have investigated the longitudinal relation between early shape recognition, and language abilities in later childhood. An electrophysiological measure of semantic processing (the N400) was used to assess shape recognition and general object recognition in a naming context in 20-month-olds. The measures of shape recognition strongly predicted language and cognitive abilities at 6–7 years even after controlling for toddler vocabulary size. The electrophysiological measures of general object recognition were not related to future language or cognitive abilities. These results suggest that early shape recognition abilities may play a role in language acquisition and influence even long-term language outcomes.</p>},
  articleno    = {1945},
  author       = {Borgström, Kristina and Torkildsen, Janne von Koss and Sahlén, Birgitta and Lindgren, Magnus},
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  keyword      = {ERP,Language development,N400,Shape bias,Shape recognition},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {AUG},
  publisher    = {Frontiers},
  series       = {Frontiers in Psychology},
  title        = {Brain measures of toddlers’ shape recognition predict language and cognitive skills at 6–7 years},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01945},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2019},
}