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Glycemic index, glycemic load and glycemic response: An International Scientific Consensus Summit from the International Carbohydrate Quality Consortium (ICQC).

Augustin, L S A; Kendall, C W C; Jenkins, D J A; Willett, W C; Astrup, A; Barclay, A W; Björck, Inger LU ; Brand-Miller, J C; Brighenti, F and Buyken, A E, et al. (2015) In Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases 25(9). p.795-815
Abstract
Background and aims: The positive and negative health effects of dietary carbohydrates are of interest to both researchers and consumers. Methods: International experts on carbohydrate research held a scientific summit in Stresa, Italy, in June 2013 to discuss controversies surrounding the utility of the glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL) and glycemic response (GR). Results: The outcome was a scientific consensus statement which recognized the importance of postprandial glycemia in overall health, and the GI as a valid and reproducible method of classifying carbohydrate foods for this purpose. There was consensus that diets low in GI and GL were relevant to the prevention and management of diabetes and coronary heart disease, and... (More)
Background and aims: The positive and negative health effects of dietary carbohydrates are of interest to both researchers and consumers. Methods: International experts on carbohydrate research held a scientific summit in Stresa, Italy, in June 2013 to discuss controversies surrounding the utility of the glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL) and glycemic response (GR). Results: The outcome was a scientific consensus statement which recognized the importance of postprandial glycemia in overall health, and the GI as a valid and reproducible method of classifying carbohydrate foods for this purpose. There was consensus that diets low in GI and GL were relevant to the prevention and management of diabetes and coronary heart disease, and probably obesity. Moderate to weak associations were observed for selected cancers. The group affirmed that diets low in GI and GL should always be considered in the context of diets otherwise understood as healthy, complementing additional ways of characterizing carbohydrate foods, such as fiber and whole grain content. Diets of low GI and GL were considered particularly important in individuals with insulin resistance. Conclusions: Given the high prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes worldwide and the consistency of the scientific evidence reviewed, the expert panel confirmed an urgent need to communicate information on GI and GL to the general public and health professionals, through channels such as national dietary guidelines, food composition tables and food labels. (Less)
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organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Glycemic load, Glycemic index, Diabetes, Heart disease, Cancer
in
Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
volume
25
issue
9
pages
795 - 815
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:26160327
  • wos:000359307300001
  • scopus:84938745340
ISSN
1590-3729
DOI
10.1016/j.numecd.2015.05.005
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4b3ebd40-a2c3-41aa-8c1e-8c2434601905 (old id 7749926)
date added to LUP
2015-09-25 11:09:21
date last changed
2017-11-12 03:01:43
@article{4b3ebd40-a2c3-41aa-8c1e-8c2434601905,
  abstract     = {Background and aims: The positive and negative health effects of dietary carbohydrates are of interest to both researchers and consumers. Methods: International experts on carbohydrate research held a scientific summit in Stresa, Italy, in June 2013 to discuss controversies surrounding the utility of the glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL) and glycemic response (GR). Results: The outcome was a scientific consensus statement which recognized the importance of postprandial glycemia in overall health, and the GI as a valid and reproducible method of classifying carbohydrate foods for this purpose. There was consensus that diets low in GI and GL were relevant to the prevention and management of diabetes and coronary heart disease, and probably obesity. Moderate to weak associations were observed for selected cancers. The group affirmed that diets low in GI and GL should always be considered in the context of diets otherwise understood as healthy, complementing additional ways of characterizing carbohydrate foods, such as fiber and whole grain content. Diets of low GI and GL were considered particularly important in individuals with insulin resistance. Conclusions: Given the high prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes worldwide and the consistency of the scientific evidence reviewed, the expert panel confirmed an urgent need to communicate information on GI and GL to the general public and health professionals, through channels such as national dietary guidelines, food composition tables and food labels.},
  author       = {Augustin, L S A and Kendall, C W C and Jenkins, D J A and Willett, W C and Astrup, A and Barclay, A W and Björck, Inger and Brand-Miller, J C and Brighenti, F and Buyken, A E and Ceriello, A and La Vecchia, C and Livesey, G and Liu, S and Riccardi, G and Rizkalla, S W and Sievenpiper, J L and Trichopoulou, A and Wolever, T M S and Baer-Sinnott, S and Poli, A},
  issn         = {1590-3729},
  keyword      = {Glycemic load,Glycemic index,Diabetes,Heart disease,Cancer},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {795--815},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases},
  title        = {Glycemic index, glycemic load and glycemic response: An International Scientific Consensus Summit from the International Carbohydrate Quality Consortium (ICQC).},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2015.05.005},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2015},
}