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Attachment in a group of adult international adoptees

Irhammar, Malin LU and Bengtsson, Hans LU (2004) In Adoption Quarterly 8(2). p.1-25
Abstract
The present study examines whether foreign adoptees differ from normative samples in adult attachment status, and explores within-group differences associated with (in)secure attachment status in adult adoptees. Forty adoptees, from a previously representative study of foreign adoptees in Sweden, were interviewed with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). In adition, they were questioned about issues related to identity and family history, and self-assessment instruments were used to assess self-esteem and mental health. Compared to norm groups, the adoptees did not differ significantly in attachment status. However, insecure attachment organization on the AAI was associated with late adoption and a desire to know more about one's... (More)
The present study examines whether foreign adoptees differ from normative samples in adult attachment status, and explores within-group differences associated with (in)secure attachment status in adult adoptees. Forty adoptees, from a previously representative study of foreign adoptees in Sweden, were interviewed with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). In adition, they were questioned about issues related to identity and family history, and self-assessment instruments were used to assess self-esteem and mental health. Compared to norm groups, the adoptees did not differ significantly in attachment status. However, insecure attachment organization on the AAI was associated with late adoption and a desire to know more about one's biological roots. Late adoption, memories from the time before the adoption, divorce, lack of contact in the adoptive family with the child's origin, and a tendecy in adoptees not to think about their biological background, were all associated with unresolved/disorganized status with respect to loss or abuse. There was a n onsignificant tendency for secure attachment status to be associated with higher mental health and self-esteem than insecure attachment status. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
identity, adoptive families, attachment, adoptees
in
Adoption Quarterly
volume
8
issue
2
pages
1 - 25
publisher
The Haworth Press
ISSN
1544-452X
DOI
10.1300/J145v08n02_01
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b6299a92-12aa-4499-9397-76a0985723d1 (old id 942116)
date added to LUP
2008-01-29 15:47:38
date last changed
2016-04-15 18:49:41
@article{b6299a92-12aa-4499-9397-76a0985723d1,
  abstract     = {The present study examines whether foreign adoptees differ from normative samples in adult attachment status, and explores within-group differences associated with (in)secure attachment status in adult adoptees. Forty adoptees, from a previously representative study of foreign adoptees in Sweden, were interviewed with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). In adition, they were questioned about issues related to identity and family history, and self-assessment instruments were used to assess self-esteem and mental health. Compared to norm groups, the adoptees did not differ significantly in attachment status. However, insecure attachment organization on the AAI was associated with late adoption and a desire to know more about one's biological roots. Late adoption, memories from the time before the adoption, divorce, lack of contact in the adoptive family with the child's origin, and a tendecy in adoptees not to think about their biological background, were all associated with unresolved/disorganized status with respect to loss or abuse. There was a n onsignificant tendency for secure attachment status to be associated with higher mental health and self-esteem than insecure attachment status.},
  author       = {Irhammar, Malin and Bengtsson, Hans},
  issn         = {1544-452X},
  keyword      = {identity,adoptive families,attachment,adoptees},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {1--25},
  publisher    = {The Haworth Press},
  series       = {Adoption Quarterly},
  title        = {Attachment in a group of adult international adoptees},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J145v08n02_01},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2004},
}