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Worse glycaemic control in LADA patients than in those with type 2 diabetes, despite a longer time on insulin therapy.

Andersen, Caroline LU ; Bennet, Louise LU ; Nyström, L ; Lindblad, Ulf LU ; Lindholm, Eero LU ; Groop, Leif LU and Rolandsson, O (2012) In Diabetologia
Abstract
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to study whether glycaemic control differs between individuals with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and patients with type 2 diabetes, and whether it is influenced by time on insulin therapy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 372 patients with LADA (205 men and 167 women; median age 54 years, range 35-80 years) from Swedish cohorts from Skåne (n = 272) and Västerbotten (n = 100). Age- and sex-matched patients with type 2 diabetes were included as controls. Data on the use of oral hypoglycaemic agents (OHAs), insulin and insulin-OHA combination therapy was retrieved from the medical records. Poor glycaemic control was defined as HbA(1c) ≥7.0% (≥53 mmol/mol) at follow-up. RESULTS: The... (More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to study whether glycaemic control differs between individuals with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and patients with type 2 diabetes, and whether it is influenced by time on insulin therapy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 372 patients with LADA (205 men and 167 women; median age 54 years, range 35-80 years) from Swedish cohorts from Skåne (n = 272) and Västerbotten (n = 100). Age- and sex-matched patients with type 2 diabetes were included as controls. Data on the use of oral hypoglycaemic agents (OHAs), insulin and insulin-OHA combination therapy was retrieved from the medical records. Poor glycaemic control was defined as HbA(1c) ≥7.0% (≥53 mmol/mol) at follow-up. RESULTS: The individuals with LADA and with type 2 diabetes were followed for an average of 107 months. LADA patients were leaner than type 2 diabetes patients at diagnosis (BMI 27.7 vs 31.0 kg/m(2); p < 0.001) and follow-up (BMI 27.9 vs 30.2 kg/m(2); p < 0.001). Patients with LADA had been treated with insulin for longer than those with type 2 diabetes (53.3 vs 28.8 months; p < 0.001). There was no significant difference between the patient groups with regard to poor glycaemic control at diagnosis, but more patients with LADA (67.8%) than type 2 diabetes patients (53.0%; p < 0.001) had poor glycaemic control at follow-up. Patients with LADA had worse glycaemic control at follow-up compared with participants with type 2 diabetes (OR = 1.8, 95% CI 1.2, 2.7), adjusted for age at diagnosis, HbA(1c), BMI at diagnosis, follow-up time and duration of insulin treatment. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Individuals with LADA have worse glycaemic control than patients with type 2 diabetes despite a longer time on insulin therapy. (Less)
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organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
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in
Diabetologia
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000313075500004
  • pmid:23096095
  • scopus:84878777575
  • pmid:23096095
ISSN
1432-0428
DOI
10.1007/s00125-012-2759-y
language
English
LU publication?
yes
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The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Pediatrics/Urology/Gynecology/Endocrinology (013240400), Faculty of Medicine (000022000), Diabetes and Endocrinology (013241530), Community Medicine (013241810), Family medicine, cardiovascular epidemiology and lifestyle (013240038), Family Medicine (013241010)
id
aef07a13-5ab1-48d3-971d-d6953510582a (old id 3160363)
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23096095?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2016-04-04 07:11:03
date last changed
2019-10-29 04:04:17
@article{aef07a13-5ab1-48d3-971d-d6953510582a,
  abstract     = {AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to study whether glycaemic control differs between individuals with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and patients with type 2 diabetes, and whether it is influenced by time on insulin therapy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 372 patients with LADA (205 men and 167 women; median age 54 years, range 35-80 years) from Swedish cohorts from Skåne (n = 272) and Västerbotten (n = 100). Age- and sex-matched patients with type 2 diabetes were included as controls. Data on the use of oral hypoglycaemic agents (OHAs), insulin and insulin-OHA combination therapy was retrieved from the medical records. Poor glycaemic control was defined as HbA(1c) ≥7.0% (≥53 mmol/mol) at follow-up. RESULTS: The individuals with LADA and with type 2 diabetes were followed for an average of 107 months. LADA patients were leaner than type 2 diabetes patients at diagnosis (BMI 27.7 vs 31.0 kg/m(2); p &lt; 0.001) and follow-up (BMI 27.9 vs 30.2 kg/m(2); p &lt; 0.001). Patients with LADA had been treated with insulin for longer than those with type 2 diabetes (53.3 vs 28.8 months; p &lt; 0.001). There was no significant difference between the patient groups with regard to poor glycaemic control at diagnosis, but more patients with LADA (67.8%) than type 2 diabetes patients (53.0%; p &lt; 0.001) had poor glycaemic control at follow-up. Patients with LADA had worse glycaemic control at follow-up compared with participants with type 2 diabetes (OR = 1.8, 95% CI 1.2, 2.7), adjusted for age at diagnosis, HbA(1c), BMI at diagnosis, follow-up time and duration of insulin treatment. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Individuals with LADA have worse glycaemic control than patients with type 2 diabetes despite a longer time on insulin therapy.},
  author       = {Andersen, Caroline and Bennet, Louise and Nyström, L and Lindblad, Ulf and Lindholm, Eero and Groop, Leif and Rolandsson, O},
  issn         = {1432-0428},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Diabetologia},
  title        = {Worse glycaemic control in LADA patients than in those with type 2 diabetes, despite a longer time on insulin therapy.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00125-012-2759-y},
  doi          = {10.1007/s00125-012-2759-y},
  year         = {2012},
}