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The role of executive control in rhythmic timing at different tempi

Arnling Bååth, Rasmus LU ; Tjøstheim, Trond Arild LU and Lingonblad, Martin (2016) In Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 23(6). p.1954-1960
Abstract

We investigated the role of attention and executive control in rhythmic timing, using a dual-task paradigm. The main task was a finger tapping task in which participants were asked to tap their index finger in time with metronome sequences. The tempo of the sequences ranged from 600 ms to 3000 ms between each beat. The distractor task, chosen so as to engage executive control processes, was a novel covert n-back task. When the tempo was slow, simultaneous performance of the tapping and n-back tasks resulted in significant performance degradation in both tasks. There was also some dual-task interference at the fast tempo levels, however, the magnitude of the interference was much smaller in comparison. The results suggests that, when the... (More)

We investigated the role of attention and executive control in rhythmic timing, using a dual-task paradigm. The main task was a finger tapping task in which participants were asked to tap their index finger in time with metronome sequences. The tempo of the sequences ranged from 600 ms to 3000 ms between each beat. The distractor task, chosen so as to engage executive control processes, was a novel covert n-back task. When the tempo was slow, simultaneous performance of the tapping and n-back tasks resulted in significant performance degradation in both tasks. There was also some dual-task interference at the fast tempo levels, however, the magnitude of the interference was much smaller in comparison. The results suggests that, when the tempo is sufficiently slow, performing rhythmic timing demands attentional resources and executive control. This accords with models of time perception that assume that different timing mechanisms are recruited at different time scales. It also accords with models that assume a dedicated mechanism for rhythm perception and where rhythm perception is assumed to have a slower limit.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Executive function, Finger tapping, Rhythm perception, Sensorimotor synchronization, Tempo
in
Psychonomic Bulletin and Review
volume
23
issue
6
pages
7 pages
publisher
Psychonomic Society
external identifiers
  • scopus:84974851214
  • wos:000389917700029
ISSN
1069-9384
DOI
10.3758/s13423-016-1070-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b9fd087a-18d3-4415-819c-7d280fed86e4
date added to LUP
2017-01-23 08:50:48
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:33:07
@article{b9fd087a-18d3-4415-819c-7d280fed86e4,
  abstract     = {<p>We investigated the role of attention and executive control in rhythmic timing, using a dual-task paradigm. The main task was a finger tapping task in which participants were asked to tap their index finger in time with metronome sequences. The tempo of the sequences ranged from 600 ms to 3000 ms between each beat. The distractor task, chosen so as to engage executive control processes, was a novel covert n-back task. When the tempo was slow, simultaneous performance of the tapping and n-back tasks resulted in significant performance degradation in both tasks. There was also some dual-task interference at the fast tempo levels, however, the magnitude of the interference was much smaller in comparison. The results suggests that, when the tempo is sufficiently slow, performing rhythmic timing demands attentional resources and executive control. This accords with models of time perception that assume that different timing mechanisms are recruited at different time scales. It also accords with models that assume a dedicated mechanism for rhythm perception and where rhythm perception is assumed to have a slower limit.</p>},
  author       = {Arnling Bååth, Rasmus and Tjøstheim, Trond Arild and Lingonblad, Martin},
  issn         = {1069-9384},
  keyword      = {Executive function,Finger tapping,Rhythm perception,Sensorimotor synchronization,Tempo},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1954--1960},
  publisher    = {Psychonomic Society},
  series       = {Psychonomic Bulletin and Review},
  title        = {The role of executive control in rhythmic timing at different tempi},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13423-016-1070-1},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2016},
}