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Work experiences, resources, and beliefs among vulnerable subgroups of mental health care users

Eklund, Mona LU orcid ; Jansson, Jan Ke LU ; Eklund, Lisa LU ; Pooremamali, Parvin LU and Gunnarsson, A. Birgitta (2021) In Work 70(1). p.125-134
Abstract

BACKGROUND: People with mental illness may have difficulties related to work and employment, especially if they experience additional difficult life situations. OBJECTIVE: To explore how subgroups with mental illness and additional adversities perceived their situation with respect to work and employment prospects. METHODS: Three subgroups were included, exposed to an additional difficult life situation: i) psychosis interrupting their career development at young age (n = 46), ii) having a history of substance use disorder (SUD) (= 57) or iii) having recently immigrated (n = 39). They responded to questionnaires addressing sociodemographics, work-related factors, everyday activity, and well-being. A professional assessed their level of... (More)

BACKGROUND: People with mental illness may have difficulties related to work and employment, especially if they experience additional difficult life situations. OBJECTIVE: To explore how subgroups with mental illness and additional adversities perceived their situation with respect to work and employment prospects. METHODS: Three subgroups were included, exposed to an additional difficult life situation: i) psychosis interrupting their career development at young age (n = 46), ii) having a history of substance use disorder (SUD) (= 57) or iii) having recently immigrated (n = 39). They responded to questionnaires addressing sociodemographics, work-related factors, everyday activity, and well-being. A professional assessed their level of functioning and symptom severity. RESULTS: The young people with psychosis had a low education level, little work experience, the poorest worker role resources, and a low level of functioning, but a high quality of life. The SUD group had the fewest work experiences, were the least satisfied with work experiences, and had the lowest activity level, but had the least severe psychiatric symptoms. The immigrant group had severe psychiatric symptoms, but high ratings on work experiences, work resources, and activity level. CONCLUSIONS: Each group presented unique assets and limitations pertaining to work and employment, suggesting that they also needed unique support measures.

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author
; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
immigrant, Psychosis, quality of life, satisfaction, substance use disorder
in
Work
volume
70
issue
1
pages
10 pages
publisher
IOS Press
external identifiers
  • pmid:34487010
  • scopus:85116318030
ISSN
1051-9815
DOI
10.3233/WOR-213559
language
English
LU publication?
yes
additional info
Publisher Copyright: © 2021 - IOS Press. All rights reserved.
id
bc7daae3-2f35-4d80-af93-48e9f6918d8b
date added to LUP
2021-11-01 14:38:58
date last changed
2022-09-25 00:57:48
@article{bc7daae3-2f35-4d80-af93-48e9f6918d8b,
  abstract     = {{<p>BACKGROUND: People with mental illness may have difficulties related to work and employment, especially if they experience additional difficult life situations. OBJECTIVE: To explore how subgroups with mental illness and additional adversities perceived their situation with respect to work and employment prospects. METHODS: Three subgroups were included, exposed to an additional difficult life situation: i) psychosis interrupting their career development at young age (n = 46), ii) having a history of substance use disorder (SUD) (= 57) or iii) having recently immigrated (n = 39). They responded to questionnaires addressing sociodemographics, work-related factors, everyday activity, and well-being. A professional assessed their level of functioning and symptom severity. RESULTS: The young people with psychosis had a low education level, little work experience, the poorest worker role resources, and a low level of functioning, but a high quality of life. The SUD group had the fewest work experiences, were the least satisfied with work experiences, and had the lowest activity level, but had the least severe psychiatric symptoms. The immigrant group had severe psychiatric symptoms, but high ratings on work experiences, work resources, and activity level. CONCLUSIONS: Each group presented unique assets and limitations pertaining to work and employment, suggesting that they also needed unique support measures.</p>}},
  author       = {{Eklund, Mona and Jansson, Jan Ke and Eklund, Lisa and Pooremamali, Parvin and Gunnarsson, A. Birgitta}},
  issn         = {{1051-9815}},
  keywords     = {{immigrant; Psychosis; quality of life; satisfaction; substance use disorder}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{125--134}},
  publisher    = {{IOS Press}},
  series       = {{Work}},
  title        = {{Work experiences, resources, and beliefs among vulnerable subgroups of mental health care users}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/WOR-213559}},
  doi          = {{10.3233/WOR-213559}},
  volume       = {{70}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}