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Intake of different types of red meat, poultry, and fish and incident colorectal cancer in women and men: results from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study.

Vulcan, Alexandra LU ; Manjer, Jonas LU ; Ericson, Ulrika LU and Ohlsson, Bodil LU (2017) In Food and Nutrition Research 61(1).
Abstract
Background : Colorectal cancer (CRC) is considered one of the most common forms of cancer in the Western world. High intake of red and processed meat is considered to increase CRC development. Objective : This study examined associations between intake of red meats, poultry, and fish and incident CRC, and if weight status modifies the associations. Design : In the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, dietary data was collected through a modified diet history method. Via the Swedish Cancer Registry, 728 cases of CRC were identified during 428 924 person-years of follow-up of 16 944 women and 10 987 men. Results : Beef intake was inversely associated with colon cancer. However, in men high intake of beef was associated with increased risk of rectal... (More)
Background : Colorectal cancer (CRC) is considered one of the most common forms of cancer in the Western world. High intake of red and processed meat is considered to increase CRC development. Objective : This study examined associations between intake of red meats, poultry, and fish and incident CRC, and if weight status modifies the associations. Design : In the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, dietary data was collected through a modified diet history method. Via the Swedish Cancer Registry, 728 cases of CRC were identified during 428 924 person-years of follow-up of 16 944 women and 10 987 men. Results : Beef intake was inversely associated with colon cancer. However, in men high intake of beef was associated with increased risk of rectal cancer. High intake of pork was associated with increased incidence of CRC, and colon cancer. Processed meat was associated with increased risk of CRC in men. Fish intake was inversely associated with risk of rectal cancer. No significant interactions were found between different types of meat and weight status. Conclusions : Findings suggest that associations between meat intake and CRC differ depending on meat type, sex, and tumor location in the bowel. Weight status did not modify observed associations. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Food and Nutrition Research
volume
61
issue
1
publisher
Co-action Publishing
ISSN
1654-661X
DOI
10.1080/16546628.2017.1341810
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
bcafcf06-f91d-4717-a998-8f0719839564
date added to LUP
2019-06-17 12:54:16
date last changed
2019-06-18 13:04:56
@article{bcafcf06-f91d-4717-a998-8f0719839564,
  abstract     = {Background : Colorectal cancer (CRC) is considered one of the most common forms of cancer in the Western world. High intake of red and processed meat is considered to increase CRC development. Objective : This study examined associations between intake of red meats, poultry, and fish and incident CRC, and if weight status modifies the associations. Design : In the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, dietary data was collected through a modified diet history method. Via the Swedish Cancer Registry, 728 cases of CRC were identified during 428 924 person-years of follow-up of 16 944 women and 10 987 men. Results : Beef intake was inversely associated with colon cancer. However, in men high intake of beef was associated with increased risk of rectal cancer. High intake of pork was associated with increased incidence of CRC, and colon cancer. Processed meat was associated with increased risk of CRC in men. Fish intake was inversely associated with risk of rectal cancer. No significant interactions were found between different types of meat and weight status. Conclusions : Findings suggest that associations between meat intake and CRC differ depending on meat type, sex, and tumor location in the bowel. Weight status did not modify observed associations.},
  author       = {Vulcan, Alexandra and Manjer, Jonas and Ericson, Ulrika and Ohlsson, Bodil},
  issn         = {1654-661X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {Co-action Publishing},
  series       = {Food and Nutrition Research},
  title        = {Intake of different types of red meat, poultry, and fish and incident colorectal cancer in women and men: results from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16546628.2017.1341810},
  volume       = {61},
  year         = {2017},
}