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Towards Active Learning Spaces and the Flipped Classroom Model

Loughlin, Colin LU and Warburton, Steven (2015) 14th European Conference on e-Learning In Proceedings of the European conference on e-learning p.322-328
Abstract
It has been acknowledged that the traditional didactic lecture does not always provide the ideal learning and teaching experience (Bligh, 1998). Over the last ten years, individuals and institutions have been exploring the pedagogical possibilities of providing more active and engaging alternatives. One model in particular has been influential in sparking change. The use of Active Learning Spaces (ALS) combined with team-based learning (Fink, Michaelsen & Knight, 2004) has been successfully used in initiatives such as TEAL (Technology Enhanced Active Learning) and SCALE-UP (Baepler, Brooks & Walker, 2014). This approach has proved popular in North America, and has attracted growing interest in the UK. The key benefits demonstrated... (More)
It has been acknowledged that the traditional didactic lecture does not always provide the ideal learning and teaching experience (Bligh, 1998). Over the last ten years, individuals and institutions have been exploring the pedagogical possibilities of providing more active and engaging alternatives. One model in particular has been influential in sparking change. The use of Active Learning Spaces (ALS) combined with team-based learning (Fink, Michaelsen & Knight, 2004) has been successfully used in initiatives such as TEAL (Technology Enhanced Active Learning) and SCALE-UP (Baepler, Brooks & Walker, 2014). This approach has proved popular in North America, and has attracted growing interest in the UK. The key benefits demonstrated have been improvements in: class attendance; retention rates; levels of conceptual understanding; pace of learning (Beichner, Saul, Abbott, et al., 2007). This ongoing comparative study set out to establish the key drivers and barriers to the development of ALS and the future landscape for classroom pedagogies that are being adopted within these innovative spaces. A mixed methodology has been adopted to triangulate the needs, expectations and opinions of three key stakeholders: students, academics, and policy makers. A series of focus group interviews were conducted with students and lecturers, and an online questionnaire completed by senior managers representing a range of UK Higher Education Institutions. The analysis of the results so far point to a burgeoning awareness amongst students and staff of the positive educational impact of newer pedagogies such as the 'flipped classroom' and 'inquiry based learning', alongside an intensifying impatience with the status quo. From the institutional perspective, aside from the financial implications, a formidable hurdle is the pressure on physical space, and thus, room occupancy rates. ALS typically reduce room occupancy by 25-30%, however previous studies have indicated attendance at lectures rarely exceed 60% of the cohort (Dobkin, Gil & Marion, 2007), and a recent evaluation of learning spaces at one HEI demonstrated a room utilization rate of just 27%. There is now a clear rationale for the creation of teaching spaces that effectively support technology enhanced pedagogies which attract, engage and retain students across the whole academic cycle. In this paper we will discuss the current results of our study in relation to critical questions around ALS and the flipped classroom, and more broadly the strategic decisions around estate management versus the demands and expectations of students and staff. Towards Active Learning Spaces and the Flipped Classroom Model. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/292693967_Towards_Active_Learning_Spaces_and_the_Flipped_Classroom_Model [accessed Sep 21, 2017]. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
flipped classroom, active learning spaces
categories
Higher Education
in
Proceedings of the European conference on e-learning
editor
Jefferies, Amanda; Cubric, Marija; and
pages
322 - 328
publisher
ACPI (Academic Conference Publishing International)
conference name
14th European Conference on e-Learning
external identifiers
  • scopus:84977104421
ISSN
2048-8637
ISBN
978-1-910810-70-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cc9381bc-3258-4717-a794-568d798da508
alternative location
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/292693967_Towards_Active_Learning_Spaces_and_the_Flipped_Classroom_Model
date added to LUP
2017-09-21 12:13:38
date last changed
2017-11-14 09:52:50
@inproceedings{cc9381bc-3258-4717-a794-568d798da508,
  abstract     = {It has been acknowledged that the traditional didactic lecture does not always provide the ideal learning and teaching experience (Bligh, 1998). Over the last ten years, individuals and institutions have been exploring the pedagogical possibilities of providing more active and engaging alternatives. One model in particular has been influential in sparking change. The use of Active Learning Spaces (ALS) combined with team-based learning (Fink, Michaelsen & Knight, 2004) has been successfully used in initiatives such as TEAL (Technology Enhanced Active Learning) and SCALE-UP (Baepler, Brooks & Walker, 2014). This approach has proved popular in North America, and has attracted growing interest in the UK. The key benefits demonstrated have been improvements in: class attendance; retention rates; levels of conceptual understanding; pace of learning (Beichner, Saul, Abbott, et al., 2007). This ongoing comparative study set out to establish the key drivers and barriers to the development of ALS and the future landscape for classroom pedagogies that are being adopted within these innovative spaces. A mixed methodology has been adopted to triangulate the needs, expectations and opinions of three key stakeholders: students, academics, and policy makers. A series of focus group interviews were conducted with students and lecturers, and an online questionnaire completed by senior managers representing a range of UK Higher Education Institutions. The analysis of the results so far point to a burgeoning awareness amongst students and staff of the positive educational impact of newer pedagogies such as the 'flipped classroom' and 'inquiry based learning', alongside an intensifying impatience with the status quo. From the institutional perspective, aside from the financial implications, a formidable hurdle is the pressure on physical space, and thus, room occupancy rates. ALS typically reduce room occupancy by 25-30%, however previous studies have indicated attendance at lectures rarely exceed 60% of the cohort (Dobkin, Gil & Marion, 2007), and a recent evaluation of learning spaces at one HEI demonstrated a room utilization rate of just 27%. There is now a clear rationale for the creation of teaching spaces that effectively support technology enhanced pedagogies which attract, engage and retain students across the whole academic cycle. In this paper we will discuss the current results of our study in relation to critical questions around ALS and the flipped classroom, and more broadly the strategic decisions around estate management versus the demands and expectations of students and staff. Towards Active Learning Spaces and the Flipped Classroom Model. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/292693967_Towards_Active_Learning_Spaces_and_the_Flipped_Classroom_Model [accessed Sep 21, 2017].},
  author       = {Loughlin, Colin and Warburton, Steven },
  booktitle    = {Proceedings of the European conference on e-learning},
  editor       = {Jefferies, Amanda and Cubric, Marija},
  isbn         = {978-1-910810-70-5},
  issn         = {2048-8637},
  keyword      = {flipped classroom,active learning spaces},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {10},
  pages        = {322--328},
  publisher    = {ACPI (Academic Conference Publishing International)},
  title        = {Towards Active Learning Spaces and the Flipped Classroom Model},
  year         = {2015},
}