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Humans Perform Social Movements in Response to Social Robot Movements : Motor Intention in Human-Robot Interaction

Brinck, Ingar LU ; Heco, Lejla ; Sikström, Kajsa ; Wandsleb, Victoria ; Johansson, Birger LU and Balkenius, Christian LU (2020) Joint IEEE 10th International Conference on Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics 2020
Abstract
In an experimental study of humans reactions to social motor intention (SMI) in a humanoid robot, we showed that SMI cause the emergence of social interaction between human and robot. We investigated whether people would respond differently to a humanoid robot depending on the kinematic profile of its movement. A robot placed a block on a table in front of a human subject in three different ways. We designed the robot’s arm and upper body movements to manifest the human kinematic profile of either a non-social motor intention or a social motor intention. In the control condition the robot performed an irregular (given the set-up) movements. Once the robot had finished its task, the task of the human was to place another block on top of the... (More)
In an experimental study of humans reactions to social motor intention (SMI) in a humanoid robot, we showed that SMI cause the emergence of social interaction between human and robot. We investigated whether people would respond differently to a humanoid robot depending on the kinematic profile of its movement. A robot placed a block on a table in front of a human subject in three different ways. We designed the robot’s arm and upper body movements to manifest the human kinematic profile of either a non-social motor intention or a social motor intention. In the control condition the robot performed an irregular (given the set-up) movements. Once the robot had finished its task, the task of the human was to place another block on top of the first one. We distinguished
between social and non-social responses to the robot’s behavior based in gaze behavior and kinematic profile of the human’s arm movement during the task. Our results show that the behavior of the human can be modulated by the kinematics of a robot’s motor action. In several cases the participants reciprocated movements displaying social motor intention with movements with a similar kind of kinematics, attempting to make eye contact during the task. This shows that HRI can emerge implicitly by sensorimotor processing and suggests that implementing a mechanism for social-motor intention in social robots designed to interact spontaneously would be useful. (Less)
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author
; ; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
social intention, HRI, cooperation, Motor behavior, Social cognition, Interaction, Sensorimotor cognition, Social interaction, Social robots, Motor intention
host publication
2020 Joint IEEE 10th International Conference on Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics (ICDL-EpiRob)
pages
6 pages
publisher
IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
conference name
Joint IEEE 10th International Conference on Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics 2020
conference location
Valparaiso, Chile
conference dates
2020-10-26 - 2020-10-30
external identifiers
  • scopus:85100024315
ISBN
978-1-7281-7320-7
978-1-7281-7306-1
DOI
10.1109/ICDL-EpiRob48136.2020.9278114
project
Lund University AI Research
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
db7ea787-d22e-4898-a012-adf602e09ef8
date added to LUP
2020-10-29 22:32:48
date last changed
2021-06-09 15:49:29
@inproceedings{db7ea787-d22e-4898-a012-adf602e09ef8,
  abstract     = {In an experimental study of humans reactions to social motor intention (SMI) in a humanoid robot, we showed that SMI cause the emergence of social interaction between human and robot. We investigated whether people would respond differently to a humanoid robot depending on the kinematic profile of its movement. A robot placed a block on a table in front of a human subject in three different ways. We designed the robot’s arm and upper body movements to manifest the human kinematic profile of either a non-social motor intention or a social motor intention. In the control condition the robot performed an irregular (given the set-up) movements. Once the robot had finished its task, the task of the human was to place another block on top of the first one. We distinguished<br/>between social and non-social responses to the robot’s behavior based in gaze behavior and kinematic profile of the human’s arm movement during the task. Our results show that the behavior of the human can be modulated by the kinematics of a robot’s motor action. In several cases the participants reciprocated movements displaying social motor intention with movements with a similar kind of kinematics, attempting to make eye contact during the task. This shows that HRI can emerge implicitly by sensorimotor processing and suggests that implementing a mechanism for social-motor intention in social robots designed to interact spontaneously would be useful.},
  author       = {Brinck, Ingar and Heco, Lejla and Sikström, Kajsa and Wandsleb, Victoria and Johansson, Birger and Balkenius, Christian},
  booktitle    = {2020 Joint IEEE 10th International Conference on Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics (ICDL-EpiRob)},
  isbn         = {978-1-7281-7320-7},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.},
  title        = {Humans Perform Social Movements in Response to Social Robot Movements : Motor Intention in Human-Robot Interaction},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICDL-EpiRob48136.2020.9278114},
  doi          = {10.1109/ICDL-EpiRob48136.2020.9278114},
  year         = {2020},
}