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The role of affective meaning, semantic associates, and orthographic neighbours in modulating the N400 in single words

Blomberg, Frida LU ; Roll, Mikael LU ; Frid, Johan LU ; Lindgren, Magnus LU and Horne, Merle LU (2020) In The Mental Lexicon 15(2). p.161-188
Abstract

The N400 has been seen to be larger for concrete thanabstract words, and for pseudowords than real words. Using a word vectoranalysis to calculate semantic associates (SA), as well as ratings foremotional arousal (EA), and a measure of orthographic neighbourhood (ON), thepresent study investigated the relation between these factors and N400 amplitudes during a lexical decision task usingSwedish word stimuli. Four noun categories differing in concreteness: specific(squirrel), general (animal) emotional (happiness) and abstract (tendency) werecompared with pseudowords (danalod). Results showed that N400 amplitudes increased in the order emotional < abstract < general < specific... (More)

The N400 has been seen to be larger for concrete thanabstract words, and for pseudowords than real words. Using a word vectoranalysis to calculate semantic associates (SA), as well as ratings foremotional arousal (EA), and a measure of orthographic neighbourhood (ON), thepresent study investigated the relation between these factors and N400 amplitudes during a lexical decision task usingSwedish word stimuli. Four noun categories differing in concreteness: specific(squirrel), general (animal) emotional (happiness) and abstract (tendency) werecompared with pseudowords (danalod). Results showed that N400 amplitudes increased in the order emotional < abstract < general < specific < pseudoword. A regression analysis showed that the amplitude ofthe N400 decreased the more semanticassociates a word had and the higher the rating for emotional arousal it had.The N400 also increased the moreorthographic neighbours a word had. Results provide support for thehierarchical organisation of concrete words assumed in lexical semantics. They also demonstrate how affectiveinformation facilitates meaning processing.

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publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
concreteness; emotional arousal; semantic specificity; semantic associates; orthographic neighbours: ERP; N400; lexical decision, word vector
in
The Mental Lexicon
volume
15
issue
2
pages
27 pages
publisher
John Benjamins Publishing Company
external identifiers
  • scopus:85096055908
ISSN
1871-1340
DOI
10.1075/ml.19021.blo
project
Språkbanken & Swe-Clarin
Abstract, emotional and concrete words in the mental lexicon
Abstract, concrete and emotional words in the mental lexicon
Thinking in Time: Cognition, Communication and Learning
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
dfb6988c-bd9f-4102-9b4d-11d3484336ff
date added to LUP
2017-09-23 22:47:41
date last changed
2020-12-01 03:29:08
@article{dfb6988c-bd9f-4102-9b4d-11d3484336ff,
  abstract     = {<p class="MsoNormal">The N400 has been seen to be larger for concrete thanabstract words, and for pseudowords than real words. Using a word vectoranalysis to calculate semantic associates (SA), as well as ratings foremotional arousal (EA), and a measure of orthographic neighbourhood (ON), thepresent study investigated the relation between these factors and N400 amplitudes during a lexical decision task usingSwedish word stimuli. Four noun categories differing in concreteness: specific(<i>squirrel</i>), general (<i>animal</i>) emotional (<i>happiness</i>) and abstract (<i>tendency</i>) werecompared with pseudowords (<i>danalod</i>). Results showed that N400 amplitudes increased in the order emotional &lt; abstract &lt; general &lt; specific &lt; pseudoword. A regression analysis showed that the amplitude ofthe N400 decreased the more semanticassociates a word had and the higher the rating for emotional arousal it had.The N400 also increased the moreorthographic neighbours a word had. Results provide support for thehierarchical organisation of concrete words assumed in lexical semantics. They also demonstrate how affectiveinformation facilitates meaning processing.</p>},
  author       = {Blomberg, Frida and Roll, Mikael and Frid, Johan and Lindgren, Magnus and Horne, Merle},
  issn         = {1871-1340},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {161--188},
  publisher    = {John Benjamins Publishing Company},
  series       = {The Mental Lexicon},
  title        = {The role of affective meaning, semantic associates, and orthographic neighbours in modulating the N400 in single words},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/ml.19021.blo},
  doi          = {10.1075/ml.19021.blo},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2020},
}