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What is gender, anyway : a review of the options for operationalising gender

Lindqvist, Anna LU ; Gustafsson Sendén, Marie and Renström, Emma (2020) In Psychology & Sexuality
Abstract
In the social sciences, many quantitative research findings as well as presentations of demographics are related to participants’ gender. Most often, gender is represented by a dichotomous variable with the possible responses of woman/man or female/male, although gender is not a binary variable. It is, however, rarely defined what is meant by gender. In this article, we deconstruct the concept ‘gender’ as consisting of several facets, and argue that the researcher needs to identify relevant aspects of gender in relation to their research question. We make a thorough exposition of considerations that the researcher should bear in mind when formulating questions about each facet, in order to exemplify how complex this construct is. We also... (More)
In the social sciences, many quantitative research findings as well as presentations of demographics are related to participants’ gender. Most often, gender is represented by a dichotomous variable with the possible responses of woman/man or female/male, although gender is not a binary variable. It is, however, rarely defined what is meant by gender. In this article, we deconstruct the concept ‘gender’ as consisting of several facets, and argue that the researcher needs to identify relevant aspects of gender in relation to their research question. We make a thorough exposition of considerations that the researcher should bear in mind when formulating questions about each facet, in order to exemplify how complex this construct is. We also remind the researcher that gender is not a binary category and discuss challenges in the balance between taking existing gender diversity into account and yet sorting participants into gender categorisations that function in statistical analyzes. To aid in this process, we provide an empirical example on how gender identity may be categorised when using a free-text response. Lastly, we suggest that other measurements than participants’ gender might be better predictors of the outcome variable. (Less)
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author
; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Gender, gender identity, transgender, research methods, cisnormativity
in
Psychology & Sexuality
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85079708255
ISSN
1941-9899
DOI
10.1080/19419899.2020.1729844
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e22cceac-c440-47c6-81bd-df93ce612f26
date added to LUP
2020-02-18 14:44:02
date last changed
2020-10-07 06:53:56
@article{e22cceac-c440-47c6-81bd-df93ce612f26,
  abstract     = {In the social sciences, many quantitative research findings as well as presentations of demographics are related to participants’ gender. Most often, gender is represented by a dichotomous variable with the possible responses of woman/man or female/male, although gender is not a binary variable. It is, however, rarely defined what is meant by gender. In this article, we deconstruct the concept ‘gender’ as consisting of several facets, and argue that the researcher needs to identify relevant aspects of gender in relation to their research question. We make a thorough exposition of considerations that the researcher should bear in mind when formulating questions about each facet, in order to exemplify how complex this construct is. We also remind the researcher that gender is not a binary category and discuss challenges in the balance between taking existing gender diversity into account and yet sorting participants into gender categorisations that function in statistical analyzes. To aid in this process, we provide an empirical example on how gender identity may be categorised when using a free-text response. Lastly, we suggest that other measurements than participants’ gender might be better predictors of the outcome variable.},
  author       = {Lindqvist, Anna and Gustafsson Sendén, Marie and Renström, Emma},
  issn         = {1941-9899},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Psychology & Sexuality},
  title        = {What is gender, anyway : a review of the options for operationalising gender},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19419899.2020.1729844},
  doi          = {10.1080/19419899.2020.1729844},
  year         = {2020},
}