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Ämnade för restaurangarbete? : Om politisk styrning och lågutbildade ungdomars väg fram till arbetsmarknadens tröskel

Lainpelto, Jack LU (2018)
Abstract (Swedish)
Den första januari 2012 sänkte den då sittande alliansregeringen momssatsen för restaurang- och cateringtjänster från 25 % till 12 %. Det övergripande målet med den lägre momssatsen är att stimulera efterfrågan på okvalificerad arbetskraft genom att skapa förutsättningar för lägre priser och därmed ökad efterfrågan på restaurangföretagens tjänster.

Under tiden efter genomförandet av den sänkta momssatsen har diskussionen företrädesvis uppehållit sig vid frågan om rekryteringseffekten, något som kännetecknas av en oenighet om huruvida lagändringen är en framgång eller ett för samhällsekonomin kostsamt misslyckande. I denna avhandling utgår jag emellertid från en fråga som inte verkar ha behandlats i den förda debatten: hur blir... (More)
Den första januari 2012 sänkte den då sittande alliansregeringen momssatsen för restaurang- och cateringtjänster från 25 % till 12 %. Det övergripande målet med den lägre momssatsen är att stimulera efterfrågan på okvalificerad arbetskraft genom att skapa förutsättningar för lägre priser och därmed ökad efterfrågan på restaurangföretagens tjänster.

Under tiden efter genomförandet av den sänkta momssatsen har diskussionen företrädesvis uppehållit sig vid frågan om rekryteringseffekten, något som kännetecknas av en oenighet om huruvida lagändringen är en framgång eller ett för samhällsekonomin kostsamt misslyckande. I denna avhandling utgår jag emellertid från en fråga som inte verkar ha behandlats i den förda debatten: hur blir lågutbildade ungdomar lockade av tanken på att bli restaurangarbetare? För att undersöka frågan studeras hur arbetslösa och lågutbildade ungdomar själva berättar om sin väg fram till serviceyrken som den rådande arbetsmarknadspolitiken ser som lämpliga destinationer för svagare arbetssökande. I avhandlingen skapas dessa berättelser i relation till utvecklingen av övergripande politiska visioner om arbetsmarknaden och den sänkta momssatsens specifika motiv. Således belyser undersökningen yrkesvalet genom att analysera skärningspunkten där människans egenmakt möter den politiska maktens strategier för att underlätta inträden till arbetsmarknaden. Vid denna skärningspunkt blir ord som till exempel frihet, arbete, möjligheter och ansvar vägledande för att studera hur restaurangarbetaren tar form i de lågutbildade ungdomarnas tankar om framtiden.
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Abstract
A significant part of the labour market debate is devoted to issues concerning problematic youth. Expressions like “the lost generation” is coined to address the very core of the matter. It captures the difficulties for low-skilled young people to gain a sustainable work life in an education-oriented society. A strategy to increase employment opportunities specifically suited for the latter group was introduced in Sweden on 1 January in 2012. The VAT for restaurant and catering services was lowered from 25% to 12%. The aim is to support an increase in demand for restaurant and catering services and, through that, increase the number of employment opportunities for for the less educated labour market groups.
In this study I have... (More)
A significant part of the labour market debate is devoted to issues concerning problematic youth. Expressions like “the lost generation” is coined to address the very core of the matter. It captures the difficulties for low-skilled young people to gain a sustainable work life in an education-oriented society. A strategy to increase employment opportunities specifically suited for the latter group was introduced in Sweden on 1 January in 2012. The VAT for restaurant and catering services was lowered from 25% to 12%. The aim is to support an increase in demand for restaurant and catering services and, through that, increase the number of employment opportunities for for the less educated labour market groups.
In this study I have investigated how young people themselves describe the path from unemployment to an ambition to work in the restaurant industry. Empirical data were collected from two main sources. Firstly, material was gathered through in-depth interviews with 17 young men and women who, a few years after the implementation of the new VAT strategy for restaurant services, participates in a vocational training program in restaurant work. Secondly, material consisting of government policy documents published between the years 1981 and 2011 was collected.
I used a theoretical frame inspired by Michel Foucault. The analysis takes place at an intersection where personal ambitions to improve problematic work lives meet political strategies that amount into an ambition to lead unqualified job seekers into suitable employment opportunities.I have veiwed the relation between the two materials as a game of truth. It is a game between, on one side, the political ability to govern society and anchor important truths about the economy and, on the other side, a group of people who have ability to create resistance, motivated by their own interests and claims on the results the truth creates.
How the essence of the political truth becomes relevant among the interviewees has been detected through the identification of truth practices. These truth practices also become essential to how the path to the restaurant industry takes form. Findings indicate that the process of occupational choice among the interviewees is predominately positive. The image of restaurant work as a representation of low-skilled work is characterised by possibilities to achieve success that have not previously been available. It is against the backdrop of the interviewees' problematic relations to the labour market that the image is argued to become relevant. Perhaps the relevance is even of a particular importance in a time when labour market opportunities are considered to be fewer for disadvantaged groups, while the importance of acting responsibly to create a sustainable work life is argued to be greater than ever. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Fil. dr. Håkansson, Peter, Malmö University
organization
alternative title
Destined to Become Restaurant Workers? : On Political Governance and Low-Skilled Young People's Path to Enter the Labor Market
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
restaurangbranschen, arbetslösa, styrning, momssänkning, makt, yrkesval, självförverkligande, intresse, tevekockar, sanningspraktiker, labour market, policies, unemployment, occupational choice, restaurant work, low skill, interest, self realization, confessions, TV chefs;, truth practices
pages
193 pages
defense location
U 203, Universitetsplatsen 2 (Campus Helsingborg), Helsingborg
defense date
2018-03-23 13:00
ISBN
978-91-7753-584-3
978-91-7753-583-6
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
f5bbc0df-9c7b-40bd-af0a-2fbfab9ee120
date added to LUP
2018-03-14 21:55:27
date last changed
2019-02-19 17:21:12
@phdthesis{f5bbc0df-9c7b-40bd-af0a-2fbfab9ee120,
  abstract     = {A significant part of the labour market debate is devoted to issues concerning problematic youth. Expressions like “the lost generation” is coined to address the very core of the matter. It captures the difficulties for low-skilled young people to gain a sustainable work life in an education-oriented society. A strategy to increase employment opportunities specifically suited for the latter group was introduced in Sweden on 1 January in 2012. The VAT for restaurant and catering services was lowered from 25% to 12%. The aim is to support an increase in demand for restaurant and catering services and, through that, increase the number of employment opportunities for for the less educated labour market groups.<br/>In this study I have investigated how young people themselves describe the path from unemployment to an ambition to work in the restaurant industry. Empirical data were collected from two main sources. Firstly, material was gathered through in-depth interviews with 17 young men and women who, a few years after the implementation of the new VAT strategy for restaurant services, participates in a vocational training program in restaurant work. Secondly, material consisting of government policy documents published between the years 1981 and 2011 was collected.<br/>I used a theoretical frame inspired by Michel Foucault. The analysis takes place at an intersection where personal ambitions to improve problematic work lives meet political strategies that amount into an ambition to lead unqualified job seekers into suitable employment opportunities.I have veiwed the relation between the two materials as a game of truth. It is a game between, on one side, the political ability to govern society and anchor important truths about the economy and, on the other side, a group of people who have ability to create resistance, motivated by their own interests and claims on the results the truth creates.<br/>How the essence of the political truth becomes relevant among the interviewees has been detected through the identification of truth practices. These truth practices also become essential to how the path to the restaurant industry takes form. Findings indicate that the process of occupational choice among the interviewees is predominately positive. The image of restaurant work as a representation of low-skilled work is characterised by possibilities to achieve success that have not previously been available. It is against the backdrop of the interviewees' problematic relations to the labour market that the image is argued to become relevant. Perhaps the relevance is even of a particular importance in a time when labour market opportunities are considered to be fewer for disadvantaged groups, while the importance of acting responsibly to create a sustainable work life is argued to be greater than ever.},
  author       = {Lainpelto, Jack},
  isbn         = {978-91-7753-584-3},
  keyword      = {restaurangbranschen,arbetslösa,styrning,momssänkning,makt,yrkesval,självförverkligande,intresse,tevekockar,sanningspraktiker,labour market,policies,unemployment,occupational choice,restaurant work,low skill,interest,self realization,confessions,TV chefs;,truth practices},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {193},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Ämnade för restaurangarbete? : Om politisk styrning och lågutbildade ungdomars väg fram till arbetsmarknadens tröskel},
  year         = {2018},
}