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The effect of voice quality and competing speakers in a passage comprehension task : performance in relation to cognitive functioning in children with normal hearing

von Lochow, Heike LU ; Lyberg-Åhlander, Viveka LU ; Sahlén, Birgitta LU ; Kastberg, Tobias LU and Brännström, Jonas LU (2017) In Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology
Abstract

Objective: This study explores the effect of voice quality and competing speaker/-s on children’s performance in a passage comprehension task. Furthermore, it explores the interaction between passage comprehension and cognitive functioning. Methods: Forty-nine children (27 girls and 22 boys) with normal hearing (aged 7–12 years) participated. Passage comprehension was tested in six different listening conditions; a typical voice (non-dysphonic voice) in quiet, a typical voice with one competing speaker, a typical voice with four competing speakers, a dysphonic voice in quiet, a dysphonic voice with one competing speaker, and a dysphonic voice with four competing speakers. The children’s working memory capacity and executive functioning... (More)

Objective: This study explores the effect of voice quality and competing speaker/-s on children’s performance in a passage comprehension task. Furthermore, it explores the interaction between passage comprehension and cognitive functioning. Methods: Forty-nine children (27 girls and 22 boys) with normal hearing (aged 7–12 years) participated. Passage comprehension was tested in six different listening conditions; a typical voice (non-dysphonic voice) in quiet, a typical voice with one competing speaker, a typical voice with four competing speakers, a dysphonic voice in quiet, a dysphonic voice with one competing speaker, and a dysphonic voice with four competing speakers. The children’s working memory capacity and executive functioning were also assessed. Results: The findings indicate no direct effect of voice quality on the children’s performance, but a significant effect of background listening condition. Interaction effects were seen between voice quality, background listening condition, and executive functioning. Conclusions: The children’s susceptibility to the effect of the dysphonic voice and the background listening conditions are related to the individual’s executive functions. The findings have several implications for design of interventions in language learning environments such as classrooms.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Background listening conditions, dysphonic voice, executive functioning, noise, working memory
in
Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology
pages
9 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85015083095
ISSN
1401-5439
DOI
10.1080/14015439.2017.1298835
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f702c16c-698c-4d9c-9a6d-6681295fa00a
date added to LUP
2017-03-23 09:22:35
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:56:43
@article{f702c16c-698c-4d9c-9a6d-6681295fa00a,
  abstract     = {<p>Objective: This study explores the effect of voice quality and competing speaker/-s on children’s performance in a passage comprehension task. Furthermore, it explores the interaction between passage comprehension and cognitive functioning. Methods: Forty-nine children (27 girls and 22 boys) with normal hearing (aged 7–12 years) participated. Passage comprehension was tested in six different listening conditions; a typical voice (non-dysphonic voice) in quiet, a typical voice with one competing speaker, a typical voice with four competing speakers, a dysphonic voice in quiet, a dysphonic voice with one competing speaker, and a dysphonic voice with four competing speakers. The children’s working memory capacity and executive functioning were also assessed. Results: The findings indicate no direct effect of voice quality on the children’s performance, but a significant effect of background listening condition. Interaction effects were seen between voice quality, background listening condition, and executive functioning. Conclusions: The children’s susceptibility to the effect of the dysphonic voice and the background listening conditions are related to the individual’s executive functions. The findings have several implications for design of interventions in language learning environments such as classrooms.</p>},
  author       = {von Lochow, Heike and Lyberg-Åhlander, Viveka and Sahlén, Birgitta and Kastberg, Tobias and Brännström, Jonas},
  issn         = {1401-5439},
  keyword      = {Background listening conditions,dysphonic voice,executive functioning,noise,working memory},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  pages        = {9},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology},
  title        = {The effect of voice quality and competing speakers in a passage comprehension task : performance in relation to cognitive functioning in children with normal hearing},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14015439.2017.1298835},
  year         = {2017},
}