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Fish consumption and subsequent change in body weight in European women and men

Jakobsen, Marianne U.; Dethlefsen, Claus; Due, Karen M.; May, Anne M.; Romaguera, Dora; Vergnaud, Anne-Claire; Norat, Teresa; Sorensen, Thorkild I. A.; Halkjaer, Jytte and Tjonneland, Anne, et al. (2013) In British Journal of Nutrition 109(2). p.353-362
Abstract
Fish consumption is the major dietary source of EPA and DHA, which according to rodent experiments may reduce body fat mass and prevent obesity. Only a few human studies have investigated the association between fish consumption and body-weight gain. We investigated the association between fish consumption and subsequent change in body weight. Women and men (n 344 757) participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition were followed for a median of 5.0 years. Linear and logistic regression were used to investigate the associations between fish consumption and subsequent change in body weight. Among women, the annual weight change was 5.70 (95% CI 4.35, 7.06), 2.23 (95% CI 0.16, 4.31) and 11.12 (95% CI 8.17,... (More)
Fish consumption is the major dietary source of EPA and DHA, which according to rodent experiments may reduce body fat mass and prevent obesity. Only a few human studies have investigated the association between fish consumption and body-weight gain. We investigated the association between fish consumption and subsequent change in body weight. Women and men (n 344 757) participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition were followed for a median of 5.0 years. Linear and logistic regression were used to investigate the associations between fish consumption and subsequent change in body weight. Among women, the annual weight change was 5.70 (95% CI 4.35, 7.06), 2.23 (95% CI 0.16, 4.31) and 11.12 (95% CI 8.17, 14.08) g/10 g higher total, lean and fatty fish consumption per d, respectively. The OR of becoming overweight in 5 years among women who were normal weight at enrolment was 1.02 (95% CI 1.01, 1.02), 1.01 (95% CI 1.00, 1.02) and 1.02 (95% CI 1.01, 1.04) g/10 g higher total, lean and fatty consumption per d, respectively. Among men, fish consumption was not statistically significantly associated with weight change. Adjustment for potential over-or underestimation of fish consumption did not systematically change the observed associations, but the 95% CI became wider. The results in subgroups from analyses stratified by age or BMI at enrolment were not systematically different. In conclusion, the present study suggests that fish consumption has no appreciable association with body-weight gain. (Less)
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publication status
published
subject
keywords
Body weight, Diets, Fish, Follow-up studies, n-3 PUFA
in
British Journal of Nutrition
volume
109
issue
2
pages
353 - 362
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000313975800018
  • scopus:84873022104
ISSN
1475-2662
DOI
10.1017/S0007114512001079
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
105e926c-c03c-4cdb-911a-d39e113d0f74 (old id 3591217)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22716915
date added to LUP
2013-03-20 14:18:45
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2019-07-02 01:21:32
@article{105e926c-c03c-4cdb-911a-d39e113d0f74,
  abstract     = {Fish consumption is the major dietary source of EPA and DHA, which according to rodent experiments may reduce body fat mass and prevent obesity. Only a few human studies have investigated the association between fish consumption and body-weight gain. We investigated the association between fish consumption and subsequent change in body weight. Women and men (n 344 757) participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition were followed for a median of 5.0 years. Linear and logistic regression were used to investigate the associations between fish consumption and subsequent change in body weight. Among women, the annual weight change was 5.70 (95% CI 4.35, 7.06), 2.23 (95% CI 0.16, 4.31) and 11.12 (95% CI 8.17, 14.08) g/10 g higher total, lean and fatty fish consumption per d, respectively. The OR of becoming overweight in 5 years among women who were normal weight at enrolment was 1.02 (95% CI 1.01, 1.02), 1.01 (95% CI 1.00, 1.02) and 1.02 (95% CI 1.01, 1.04) g/10 g higher total, lean and fatty consumption per d, respectively. Among men, fish consumption was not statistically significantly associated with weight change. Adjustment for potential over-or underestimation of fish consumption did not systematically change the observed associations, but the 95% CI became wider. The results in subgroups from analyses stratified by age or BMI at enrolment were not systematically different. In conclusion, the present study suggests that fish consumption has no appreciable association with body-weight gain.},
  author       = {Jakobsen, Marianne U. and Dethlefsen, Claus and Due, Karen M. and May, Anne M. and Romaguera, Dora and Vergnaud, Anne-Claire and Norat, Teresa and Sorensen, Thorkild I. A. and Halkjaer, Jytte and Tjonneland, Anne and Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine and Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise and Fagherazzi, Guy and Teucher, Birgit and Kuehn, Tilman and Bergmann, Manuela M. and Boeing, Heiner and Naska, Androniki and Orfanos, Philippos and Trichopoulou, Antonia and Palli, Domenico and De Magistris, Maria Santucci and Sieri, Sabina and Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B. and van der A, Daphne L. and Engeset, Dagrun and Hjartaker, Anette and Rodriguez, Laudina and Agudo, Antonio and Molina-Montes, Esther and Huerta, Jose M. and Barricarte, Aurelio and Amiano, Pilar and Manjer, Jonas and Wirfält, Elisabet and Hallmans, Goran and Johansson, Ingegerd and Khaw, Kay-Tee and Wareham, Nicholas J. and Key, Timothy J. and Chajes, Veronique and Slimani, Nadia and Riboli, Elio and Peeters, Petra H. M. and Overvad, Kim},
  issn         = {1475-2662},
  keyword      = {Body weight,Diets,Fish,Follow-up studies,n-3 PUFA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {353--362},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {British Journal of Nutrition},
  title        = {Fish consumption and subsequent change in body weight in European women and men},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114512001079},
  volume       = {109},
  year         = {2013},
}