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Food patterns and components of the metabolic syndrome in men and women: a cross-sectional study within the Malmo Diet and Cancer cohort

Wirfält, Elisabet LU ; Hedblad, Bo LU ; Gullberg, Bo LU ; Mattisson, Iréne LU ; Andrén Aronsson, Carin LU ; Rosander, Ulla; Janzon, Lars LU and Berglund, Göran LU (2001) In American Journal of Epidemiology 154(12). p.1150-1159
Abstract
This study examined the relations between food patterns and five components of the metabolic syndrome in a sample of Swedish men (n = 2,040) and women (n = 2,959) aged 45-68 years who joined the Malmo Diet and Cancer study from November 1991 to February 1994. Baseline examinations included an interview-administered diet history, a self-administered questionnaire, blood pressure and anthropologic measurements, and blood samples donated after an overnight fast. Cluster analysis identified six food patterns for which 43 food group variables were used. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the risk of each component (hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and central obesity) and food patterns, controlling for... (More)
This study examined the relations between food patterns and five components of the metabolic syndrome in a sample of Swedish men (n = 2,040) and women (n = 2,959) aged 45-68 years who joined the Malmo Diet and Cancer study from November 1991 to February 1994. Baseline examinations included an interview-administered diet history, a self-administered questionnaire, blood pressure and anthropologic measurements, and blood samples donated after an overnight fast. Cluster analysis identified six food patterns for which 43 food group variables were used. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the risk of each component (hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and central obesity) and food patterns, controlling for potential confounders. The study demonstrated relations, independent of specific nutrients, between food patterns and hyperglycemia and central obesity in men and hyperinsulinemia in women. Food patterns dominated by fiber bread provided favorable effects, while food patterns high in refined bread or in cheese, cake, and alcoholic beverages contributed adverse effects. In women, food patterns dominated by milk-fat-based spread showed protective relations with hyperinsulinemia. Relations between risk factors and food patterns may partly depend on gender differences in metabolism or food consumption and on variations in confounders across food patterns. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
insulin resistance, food habits, food, epidemiologic studies, body constitution, cardiovascular diseases, nutrition, risk factors
in
American Journal of Epidemiology
volume
154
issue
12
pages
1150 - 1159
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • pmid:11744521
  • scopus:0035892980
ISSN
0002-9262
DOI
10.1093/aje/154.12.1150
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
26d6ad38-8545-4092-8b70-fca8f2a5382a (old id 1118488)
date added to LUP
2008-07-18 14:55:22
date last changed
2018-02-18 03:35:53
@article{26d6ad38-8545-4092-8b70-fca8f2a5382a,
  abstract     = {This study examined the relations between food patterns and five components of the metabolic syndrome in a sample of Swedish men (n = 2,040) and women (n = 2,959) aged 45-68 years who joined the Malmo Diet and Cancer study from November 1991 to February 1994. Baseline examinations included an interview-administered diet history, a self-administered questionnaire, blood pressure and anthropologic measurements, and blood samples donated after an overnight fast. Cluster analysis identified six food patterns for which 43 food group variables were used. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the risk of each component (hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and central obesity) and food patterns, controlling for potential confounders. The study demonstrated relations, independent of specific nutrients, between food patterns and hyperglycemia and central obesity in men and hyperinsulinemia in women. Food patterns dominated by fiber bread provided favorable effects, while food patterns high in refined bread or in cheese, cake, and alcoholic beverages contributed adverse effects. In women, food patterns dominated by milk-fat-based spread showed protective relations with hyperinsulinemia. Relations between risk factors and food patterns may partly depend on gender differences in metabolism or food consumption and on variations in confounders across food patterns.},
  author       = {Wirfält, Elisabet and Hedblad, Bo and Gullberg, Bo and Mattisson, Iréne and Andrén Aronsson, Carin and Rosander, Ulla and Janzon, Lars and Berglund, Göran},
  issn         = {0002-9262},
  keyword      = {insulin resistance,food habits,food,epidemiologic studies,body constitution,cardiovascular diseases,nutrition,risk factors},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {1150--1159},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {American Journal of Epidemiology},
  title        = {Food patterns and components of the metabolic syndrome in men and women: a cross-sectional study within the Malmo Diet and Cancer cohort},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/154.12.1150},
  volume       = {154},
  year         = {2001},
}