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Dietary patterns, nutritional profile, and body mass index in Mexican schoolchildren : A cross-sectional study

Zamora-Gasga, Victor Manuel; Montalvo-González, Efigenia; Loarca-Piña, Guadalupe Flavia; Chacón-López, Alejandra Martina; Tovar, Juscelino LU and Sáyago-Ayerdi, Sonia Guadalupe (2017) In Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion 67(1). p.6-14
Abstract

Childhood obesity is a serious public health problem in Mexico. In this study, childhoodspecific dietary patterns and their relationship with overweight-obesity prevalence, nutrient profiles and types of foods consumed were studied. A descriptive cross-sectional study of 724 randomly selected schoolchildren between 9 to 12 years old from Nayarit State, Mexico was performed. Data on anthropometric characteristics and food intake were recorded. Seven dietary patterns and three specific diets were identified by multivariate analysis. A dietary pattern characterized by high legume, snack and low beverage intake was negatively associated with weight and body mass index. The overall overweight and obesity prevalence was 20.2% and 20.6%,... (More)

Childhood obesity is a serious public health problem in Mexico. In this study, childhoodspecific dietary patterns and their relationship with overweight-obesity prevalence, nutrient profiles and types of foods consumed were studied. A descriptive cross-sectional study of 724 randomly selected schoolchildren between 9 to 12 years old from Nayarit State, Mexico was performed. Data on anthropometric characteristics and food intake were recorded. Seven dietary patterns and three specific diets were identified by multivariate analysis. A dietary pattern characterized by high legume, snack and low beverage intake was negatively associated with weight and body mass index. The overall overweight and obesity prevalence was 20.2% and 20.6%, respectively. Diet type significantly influenced (p<0.05) protein, carbohydrates and fat intake but did not show correlation with the overweightobesity status. Simple sugars, candies, pastries and sweetened beverages appeared in all dietary patterns. Dietary patterns in countries with a wide gastronomic diversity should be considered to design preventive nutrition intervention programs.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Energy Intake, Food habits, Nutrition, Obesity, Schoolchildren
in
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion
volume
67
issue
1
pages
9 pages
external identifiers
  • scopus:85016204979
ISSN
0004-0622
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
11250963-7116-4bf3-b419-e45052e26946
date added to LUP
2017-04-24 13:23:02
date last changed
2017-04-24 13:23:02
@article{11250963-7116-4bf3-b419-e45052e26946,
  abstract     = {<p>Childhood obesity is a serious public health problem in Mexico. In this study, childhoodspecific dietary patterns and their relationship with overweight-obesity prevalence, nutrient profiles and types of foods consumed were studied. A descriptive cross-sectional study of 724 randomly selected schoolchildren between 9 to 12 years old from Nayarit State, Mexico was performed. Data on anthropometric characteristics and food intake were recorded. Seven dietary patterns and three specific diets were identified by multivariate analysis. A dietary pattern characterized by high legume, snack and low beverage intake was negatively associated with weight and body mass index. The overall overweight and obesity prevalence was 20.2% and 20.6%, respectively. Diet type significantly influenced (p&lt;0.05) protein, carbohydrates and fat intake but did not show correlation with the overweightobesity status. Simple sugars, candies, pastries and sweetened beverages appeared in all dietary patterns. Dietary patterns in countries with a wide gastronomic diversity should be considered to design preventive nutrition intervention programs.</p>},
  author       = {Zamora-Gasga, Victor Manuel and Montalvo-González, Efigenia and Loarca-Piña, Guadalupe Flavia and Chacón-López, Alejandra Martina and Tovar, Juscelino and Sáyago-Ayerdi, Sonia Guadalupe},
  issn         = {0004-0622},
  keyword      = {Energy Intake,Food habits,Nutrition,Obesity,Schoolchildren},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {6--14},
  series       = {Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion},
  title        = {Dietary patterns, nutritional profile, and body mass index in Mexican schoolchildren : A cross-sectional study},
  volume       = {67},
  year         = {2017},
}