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Estimation of the intake of anthocyanidins and their food sources in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study

Zamora-Ros, Raul; Knaze, Viktoria; Lujan-Barroso, Leila; Slimani, Nadia; Romieu, Isabelle; Touillaud, Marina; Kaaks, Rudolf; Teucher, Birgit; Mattiello, Amalia and Grioni, Sara, et al. (2011) In British Journal of Nutrition 106(7). p.1090-1099
Abstract
Anthocyanidins are bioactive flavonoids with potential health-promoting effects. These may vary among single anthocyanidins considering differences in their bioavailability and some of the mechanisms involved. The aim of the present study was to estimate the dietary intake of anthocyanidins, their food sources and the lifestyle factors (sex, age, BMI, smoking status, educational level and physisical activity) involved among twenty-seven centres in ten European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Anthocyanidin intake and their food sources for 36 037 subjects, aged between 35 and 74 years, in twenty-seven redefined centres were obtained using standardised 24 h dietary... (More)
Anthocyanidins are bioactive flavonoids with potential health-promoting effects. These may vary among single anthocyanidins considering differences in their bioavailability and some of the mechanisms involved. The aim of the present study was to estimate the dietary intake of anthocyanidins, their food sources and the lifestyle factors (sex, age, BMI, smoking status, educational level and physisical activity) involved among twenty-seven centres in ten European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Anthocyanidin intake and their food sources for 36 037 subjects, aged between 35 and 74 years, in twenty-seven redefined centres were obtained using standardised 24 h dietary recall software (EPIC-SOFT). An ad hoc food composition database on anthocyanidins (cyanidin, delphinidin, malvidin, pelargonidin, peonidin, petunidin) was compiled using data from the US Department of Agriculture and Phenol-Explorer databases and was expanded by adding recipes, estimated values and cooking factors. For men, the total anthocyanidin mean intake ranged from 19.83 (SE 1.53) mg/d (Bilthoven, The Netherlands) to 64.88 (SE 1.86) mg/d (Turin, Italy), whereas for women the range was 18.73 (SE 2.80) mg/d (Granada, Spain) to 44.08 (SE 2.45) mg/d (Turin, Italy). A clear south to north gradient intake was observed. Cyanidins and malvidins were the main anthocynidin contributors depending on the region and sex. Anthocyanidin intake was higher in non-obese older females, non-smokers, and increased with educational level and physical activity. The major food sources were fruits, wine, non-alcoholic beverages and some vegetables. The present study shows differences in both total and individual anthocyanidin intakes and various lifestyle factors throughout Europe, with some geographical variability in their food sources. (Less)
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keywords
Anthocyanidins, Intake, Food sources, EPIC-Europe
in
British Journal of Nutrition
volume
106
issue
7
pages
1090 - 1099
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000296376700016
  • scopus:84856392921
ISSN
1475-2662
DOI
10.1017/S0007114511001437
language
English
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43e96e5a-2dd7-4c33-84bf-b7fe7b50ff1a (old id 2207926)
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2011-12-01 08:29:54
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@article{43e96e5a-2dd7-4c33-84bf-b7fe7b50ff1a,
  abstract     = {Anthocyanidins are bioactive flavonoids with potential health-promoting effects. These may vary among single anthocyanidins considering differences in their bioavailability and some of the mechanisms involved. The aim of the present study was to estimate the dietary intake of anthocyanidins, their food sources and the lifestyle factors (sex, age, BMI, smoking status, educational level and physisical activity) involved among twenty-seven centres in ten European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Anthocyanidin intake and their food sources for 36 037 subjects, aged between 35 and 74 years, in twenty-seven redefined centres were obtained using standardised 24 h dietary recall software (EPIC-SOFT). An ad hoc food composition database on anthocyanidins (cyanidin, delphinidin, malvidin, pelargonidin, peonidin, petunidin) was compiled using data from the US Department of Agriculture and Phenol-Explorer databases and was expanded by adding recipes, estimated values and cooking factors. For men, the total anthocyanidin mean intake ranged from 19.83 (SE 1.53) mg/d (Bilthoven, The Netherlands) to 64.88 (SE 1.86) mg/d (Turin, Italy), whereas for women the range was 18.73 (SE 2.80) mg/d (Granada, Spain) to 44.08 (SE 2.45) mg/d (Turin, Italy). A clear south to north gradient intake was observed. Cyanidins and malvidins were the main anthocynidin contributors depending on the region and sex. Anthocyanidin intake was higher in non-obese older females, non-smokers, and increased with educational level and physical activity. The major food sources were fruits, wine, non-alcoholic beverages and some vegetables. The present study shows differences in both total and individual anthocyanidin intakes and various lifestyle factors throughout Europe, with some geographical variability in their food sources.},
  author       = {Zamora-Ros, Raul and Knaze, Viktoria and Lujan-Barroso, Leila and Slimani, Nadia and Romieu, Isabelle and Touillaud, Marina and Kaaks, Rudolf and Teucher, Birgit and Mattiello, Amalia and Grioni, Sara and Crowe, Francesca and Boeing, Heiner and Foerster, Jana and Ramon Quiros, J. and Molina, Esther and Maria Huerta, Jose and Engeset, Dagrun and Skeie, Guri and Trichopoulou, Antonia and Dilis, Vardis and Tsiotas, Konstantinos and Peeters, Petra H. M. and Khaw, Kay-Thee and Wareham, Nicholas and Bueno-de-Mesquita, Bas and Ocke, Marga C. and Olsen, Anja and Tjonneland, Anne and Tumino, Rosario and Johansson, Gerd and Johansson, Ingegerd and Ardanaz, Eva and Sacerdote, Carlotta and Sonestedt, Emily and Ericson, Ulrika and Clavel-Chapelon, Francoise and Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine and Fagherazzi, Guy and Salvini, Simonetta and Amiano, Pilar and Riboli, Elio and Gonzalez, Carlos A.},
  issn         = {1475-2662},
  keyword      = {Anthocyanidins,Intake,Food sources,EPIC-Europe},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1090--1099},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {British Journal of Nutrition},
  title        = {Estimation of the intake of anthocyanidins and their food sources in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114511001437},
  volume       = {106},
  year         = {2011},
}