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Low glycaemic index (GI) foods improve glucose control in children with type I diabetes.

Vigård, Tore LU ; Lindberg, Bengt LU ; Elmståhl, Helena LU ; Björck, Inger LU and Axelsson, Irene LU (2003) In ESPGHAN (European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition) 36th annual meeting, Prag 4-7 June 2003, Abstract: Journal of Pediatric, Gastroenterology and Nutriton 36,4 36(4). p.576-576
Abstract
Aim: Does metabolic control improve in children with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), when modifying the quality of carbohydrates by introducing low glycaemic index (GI) foods?

Methods: The inclusion criteria for the study was children with diabetes mellitus type 1, age from 7 to 11 years old, they should have a moderate glucose control with HbA1c between 7,5 to 8,5 and no allergy to cereals nor coeliac disease. Seventeen children were enrolled in the study. The design of the study was a blind cross-over

study, each study period was 6 weeks with a wash-out period forthree weeks in between. One study period they got regular diabetic foods, during the other period they got foods with a lower glycaemic index (GI).... (More)
Aim: Does metabolic control improve in children with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), when modifying the quality of carbohydrates by introducing low glycaemic index (GI) foods?

Methods: The inclusion criteria for the study was children with diabetes mellitus type 1, age from 7 to 11 years old, they should have a moderate glucose control with HbA1c between 7,5 to 8,5 and no allergy to cereals nor coeliac disease. Seventeen children were enrolled in the study. The design of the study was a blind cross-over

study, each study period was 6 weeks with a wash-out period forthree weeks in between. One study period they got regular diabetic foods, during the other period they got foods with a lower glycaemic index (GI). A diet record was done prior to the start of the study, and

one diet record in each period to see that the macro nutrient composition was the same. HbA1c, total cholesterol and triglyceridewere checked at the beginning and at the end of each period.

Results: For each study person we calculated a delta value for HbA1c by subtracting the HbA1c at the start of the period from the HbA1c at the end of the same period. During the period with regular diabetic foods, the change of HbA1c was (mean±SD) −0,06±0,4, while the change of HbA1c was (mean±SD) -0,34±0,4 during the low GI period. By using Wilcoxon Signed Rank test we found out that there was a significant improvement, ie lowering of HbA1c

during the period with low GI foods (p0,039). Regarding serum lipids, there were no significant changes.

Conclusion: The concept of low GI foods is relevant for children with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, it may be one way of optimizing the glucose control for those who have a slightly elevated HbA1c. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
ESPGHAN (European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition) 36th annual meeting, Prag 4-7 June 2003, Abstract: Journal of Pediatric, Gastroenterology and Nutriton 36,4
volume
36
issue
4
pages
576 - 576
publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN
1536-4801
0277-2116
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7e9c54b7-4a4b-418a-b889-d504170473d5 (old id 527552)
date added to LUP
2007-09-25 13:37:47
date last changed
2018-10-04 13:46:08
@inproceedings{7e9c54b7-4a4b-418a-b889-d504170473d5,
  abstract     = {Aim: Does metabolic control improve in children with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), when modifying the quality of carbohydrates by introducing low glycaemic index (GI) foods?<br/><br>
Methods: The inclusion criteria for the study was children with diabetes mellitus type 1, age from 7 to 11 years old, they should have a moderate glucose control with HbA1c between 7,5 to 8,5 and no allergy to cereals nor coeliac disease. Seventeen children were enrolled in the study. The design of the study was a blind cross-over<br/><br>
study, each study period was 6 weeks with a wash-out period forthree weeks in between. One study period they got regular diabetic foods, during the other period they got foods with a lower glycaemic index (GI). A diet record was done prior to the start of the study, and<br/><br>
one diet record in each period to see that the macro nutrient composition was the same. HbA1c, total cholesterol and triglyceridewere checked at the beginning and at the end of each period.<br/><br>
Results: For each study person we calculated a delta value for HbA1c by subtracting the HbA1c at the start of the period from the HbA1c at the end of the same period. During the period with regular diabetic foods, the change of HbA1c was (mean±SD) −0,06±0,4, while the change of HbA1c was (mean±SD) -0,34±0,4 during the low GI period. By using Wilcoxon Signed Rank test we found out that there was a significant improvement, ie lowering of HbA1c<br/><br>
during the period with low GI foods (p0,039). Regarding serum lipids, there were no significant changes.<br/><br>
Conclusion: The concept of low GI foods is relevant for children with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, it may be one way of optimizing the glucose control for those who have a slightly elevated HbA1c.},
  author       = {Vigård, Tore and Lindberg, Bengt and Elmståhl, Helena and Björck, Inger and Axelsson, Irene},
  booktitle    = {ESPGHAN (European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition) 36th annual meeting, Prag 4-7 June 2003, Abstract: Journal of Pediatric, Gastroenterology and Nutriton 36,4},
  issn         = {1536-4801},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {576--576},
  publisher    = {Lippincott Williams & Wilkins},
  title        = {Low glycaemic index (GI) foods improve glucose control in children with type I diabetes.},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2003},
}