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Consumption of thylakoid-rich spinach extract reduces hunger, increases satiety and reduces cravings for palatable food in overweight women.

Stenblom, Eva-Lena LU ; Egecioglu, Emil LU and Erlanson-Albertsson, Charlotte LU (2015) In Appetite 91(Apr 17). p.209-219
Abstract
Green-plant membranes, thylakoids, have previously been found to increase postprandial release of the satiety hormone GLP-1, implicated in reward signaling. The purpose of this study was to investigate how treatment with a single dose of thylakoids before breakfast affects homeostatic as well as hedonic hunger, measured as wanting and liking for palatable food (VAS). We also examined whether treatment effects were correlated to scores for eating behavior. Compared to placebo, intake of thylakoids significantly reduced hunger (21% reduction, p < 0.05), increased satiety (14% increase, p < 0.01), reduced cravings for all snacks and sweets during the day (36% reduction, p < 0.05), as well as cravings for salty (30%, p < 0.01);... (More)
Green-plant membranes, thylakoids, have previously been found to increase postprandial release of the satiety hormone GLP-1, implicated in reward signaling. The purpose of this study was to investigate how treatment with a single dose of thylakoids before breakfast affects homeostatic as well as hedonic hunger, measured as wanting and liking for palatable food (VAS). We also examined whether treatment effects were correlated to scores for eating behavior. Compared to placebo, intake of thylakoids significantly reduced hunger (21% reduction, p < 0.05), increased satiety (14% increase, p < 0.01), reduced cravings for all snacks and sweets during the day (36% reduction, p < 0.05), as well as cravings for salty (30%, p < 0.01); sweet (38%, p < 0.001); and sweet-and-fat (36%, p < 0.05) snacks, respectively, and decreased subjective liking for sweet (28% reduction, p < 0.01). The treatment effects on wanting all snacks, sweet-and-fat snacks in particular, were positively correlated to higher emotional eating scores (p < 0.01). The treatment effect of thylakoids on scores for wanting and liking were correlated to a reduced intake by treatment (p < 0.01 respectively), even though food intake was not affected significantly. In conclusion, thylakoids may be used as a food supplement to reduce hedonic hunger, associated with overeating and obesity. Individuals scoring higher for emotional eating behavior may have enhanced treatment effect on cravings for palatable food. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Appetite
volume
91
issue
Apr 17
pages
209 - 219
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:25895695
  • wos:000357546600028
  • scopus:84928743770
ISSN
1095-8304
DOI
10.1016/j.appet.2015.04.051
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c4c279c8-ff9f-4692-be0b-f55af42599fd (old id 5341170)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25895695?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2015-05-04 11:07:46
date last changed
2017-09-17 03:09:37
@article{c4c279c8-ff9f-4692-be0b-f55af42599fd,
  abstract     = {Green-plant membranes, thylakoids, have previously been found to increase postprandial release of the satiety hormone GLP-1, implicated in reward signaling. The purpose of this study was to investigate how treatment with a single dose of thylakoids before breakfast affects homeostatic as well as hedonic hunger, measured as wanting and liking for palatable food (VAS). We also examined whether treatment effects were correlated to scores for eating behavior. Compared to placebo, intake of thylakoids significantly reduced hunger (21% reduction, p &lt; 0.05), increased satiety (14% increase, p &lt; 0.01), reduced cravings for all snacks and sweets during the day (36% reduction, p &lt; 0.05), as well as cravings for salty (30%, p &lt; 0.01); sweet (38%, p &lt; 0.001); and sweet-and-fat (36%, p &lt; 0.05) snacks, respectively, and decreased subjective liking for sweet (28% reduction, p &lt; 0.01). The treatment effects on wanting all snacks, sweet-and-fat snacks in particular, were positively correlated to higher emotional eating scores (p &lt; 0.01). The treatment effect of thylakoids on scores for wanting and liking were correlated to a reduced intake by treatment (p &lt; 0.01 respectively), even though food intake was not affected significantly. In conclusion, thylakoids may be used as a food supplement to reduce hedonic hunger, associated with overeating and obesity. Individuals scoring higher for emotional eating behavior may have enhanced treatment effect on cravings for palatable food.},
  author       = {Stenblom, Eva-Lena and Egecioglu, Emil and Erlanson-Albertsson, Charlotte},
  issn         = {1095-8304},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {Apr 17},
  pages        = {209--219},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Appetite},
  title        = {Consumption of thylakoid-rich spinach extract reduces hunger, increases satiety and reduces cravings for palatable food in overweight women.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2015.04.051},
  volume       = {91},
  year         = {2015},
}