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Exposure to negative acts and risk of turnover : a study of a register-based outcome among employees in three occupational groups

Clausen, Thomas; Hansen, Jørgen V; Hogh, Annie; Garde, Anne Helene; Persson, Roger LU ; Conway, Paul Maurice; Grynderup, Matias; Hansen, Åse Marie and Rugulies, Reiner (2016) In International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 89(8). p.1269-1278
Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate whether self-reported exposure to negative acts in the workplace (bullying and threats of violence) predicted turnover in three occupational groups (human service and sales workers, office workers and manual workers).

METHODS: Survey data on 2766 respondents were combined with data from a national labour force register to assess turnover. Mixed effects logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between self-reported exposure to negative acts at baseline and risk of turnover after a 1-year follow-up.

RESULTS: We found no significant associations between exposure to negative acts (bullying and threats of violence) and risk of turnover. When participants were stratified by... (More)

PURPOSE: To investigate whether self-reported exposure to negative acts in the workplace (bullying and threats of violence) predicted turnover in three occupational groups (human service and sales workers, office workers and manual workers).

METHODS: Survey data on 2766 respondents were combined with data from a national labour force register to assess turnover. Mixed effects logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between self-reported exposure to negative acts at baseline and risk of turnover after a 1-year follow-up.

RESULTS: We found no significant associations between exposure to negative acts (bullying and threats of violence) and risk of turnover. When participants were stratified by occupational group and analyses were adjusted for age, gender, tenure and psychosocial working conditions, we found that exposure to bullying predicted risk of turnover in office workers (OR 2.03, 95 % CI 1.05-3.90), but neither in human service and sales workers, nor in manual workers. The association in office workers lost statistical significance when additionally adjusted for depressive symptoms (OR 1.77, 95 % CI 0.90-3.49). However, in a sensitivity analysis in which we used a 2-year (instead of a 1-year) follow-up period the association between bullying and turnover remained statistically significant in office workers even after adjusting for depressive symptoms (OR 2.10, 95 % CI 1.17-3.76). We found no statistically significant associations between threats of violence and risk of turnover in the stratified analyses.

CONCLUSION: Exposure to bullying predicted risk of turnover among office workers but not among human service and sales workers and among manual workers. Threats of violence were not associated with turnover in any occupational group.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
volume
89
issue
8
pages
1269 - 1278
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84982270087
  • WOS:000385249600010
ISSN
1432-1246
DOI
10.1007/s00420-016-1161-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
969ff982-74ae-4b44-aaef-5661c9d35ba9
date added to LUP
2016-09-18 10:38:16
date last changed
2017-01-10 15:54:43
@article{969ff982-74ae-4b44-aaef-5661c9d35ba9,
  abstract     = {<p>PURPOSE: To investigate whether self-reported exposure to negative acts in the workplace (bullying and threats of violence) predicted turnover in three occupational groups (human service and sales workers, office workers and manual workers).</p><p>METHODS: Survey data on 2766 respondents were combined with data from a national labour force register to assess turnover. Mixed effects logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between self-reported exposure to negative acts at baseline and risk of turnover after a 1-year follow-up.</p><p>RESULTS: We found no significant associations between exposure to negative acts (bullying and threats of violence) and risk of turnover. When participants were stratified by occupational group and analyses were adjusted for age, gender, tenure and psychosocial working conditions, we found that exposure to bullying predicted risk of turnover in office workers (OR 2.03, 95 % CI 1.05-3.90), but neither in human service and sales workers, nor in manual workers. The association in office workers lost statistical significance when additionally adjusted for depressive symptoms (OR 1.77, 95 % CI 0.90-3.49). However, in a sensitivity analysis in which we used a 2-year (instead of a 1-year) follow-up period the association between bullying and turnover remained statistically significant in office workers even after adjusting for depressive symptoms (OR 2.10, 95 % CI 1.17-3.76). We found no statistically significant associations between threats of violence and risk of turnover in the stratified analyses.</p><p>CONCLUSION: Exposure to bullying predicted risk of turnover among office workers but not among human service and sales workers and among manual workers. Threats of violence were not associated with turnover in any occupational group.</p>},
  author       = {Clausen, Thomas and Hansen, Jørgen V and Hogh, Annie and Garde, Anne Helene and Persson, Roger and Conway, Paul Maurice and Grynderup, Matias and Hansen, Åse Marie and Rugulies, Reiner},
  issn         = {1432-1246},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1269--1278},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health},
  title        = {Exposure to negative acts and risk of turnover : a study of a register-based outcome among employees in three occupational groups},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00420-016-1161-3},
  volume       = {89},
  year         = {2016},
}