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Main nutrient patterns are associated with prospective weight change in adults from 10 European countries

Freisling, Heinz; Pisa, Pedro T.; Ferrari, Pietro; Byrnes, Graham; Moskal, Aurelie; Dahm, Christina C.; Vergnaud, Anne Claire; Boutron-Ruault, Marie Christine; Fagherazzi, Guy and Cadeau, Claire, et al. (2016) In European Journal of Nutrition 55(6). p.2093-2104
Abstract

Purpose: Various food patterns have been associated with weight change in adults, but it is unknown which combinations of nutrients may account for such observations. We investigated associations between main nutrient patterns and prospective weight change in adults. Methods: This study includes 235,880 participants, 25–70 years old, recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 10 European countries. Intakes of 23 nutrients were estimated from country-specific validated dietary questionnaires using the harmonized EPIC Nutrient DataBase. Four nutrient patterns, explaining 67 % of the total variance of nutrient intakes, were previously identified from principal component analysis. Body weight was measured at recruitment and self-reported 5 years... (More)

Purpose: Various food patterns have been associated with weight change in adults, but it is unknown which combinations of nutrients may account for such observations. We investigated associations between main nutrient patterns and prospective weight change in adults. Methods: This study includes 235,880 participants, 25–70 years old, recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 10 European countries. Intakes of 23 nutrients were estimated from country-specific validated dietary questionnaires using the harmonized EPIC Nutrient DataBase. Four nutrient patterns, explaining 67 % of the total variance of nutrient intakes, were previously identified from principal component analysis. Body weight was measured at recruitment and self-reported 5 years later. The relationship between nutrient patterns and annual weight change was examined separately for men and women using linear mixed models with random effect according to center controlling for confounders. Results: Mean weight gain was 460 g/year (SD 950) and 420 g/year (SD 940) for men and women, respectively. The annual differences in weight gain per one SD increase in the pattern scores were as follows: principal component (PC) 1, characterized by nutrients from plant food sources, was inversely associated with weight gain in men (−22 g/year; 95 % CI −33 to −10) and women (−18 g/year; 95 % CI −26 to −11). In contrast, PC4, characterized by protein, vitamin B2, phosphorus, and calcium, was associated with a weight gain of +41 g/year (95 % CI +2 to +80) and +88 g/year (95 % CI +36 to +140) in men and women, respectively. Associations with PC2, a pattern driven by many micro-nutrients, and with PC3, a pattern driven by vitamin D, were less consistent and/or non-significant. Conclusions: We identified two main nutrient patterns that are associated with moderate but significant long-term differences in weight gain in adults.

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publication status
published
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keywords
Dietary patterns, Energy balance, Nutrients, Obesity, Public health, Weight gain
in
European Journal of Nutrition
volume
55
issue
6
pages
12 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:84939817777
  • wos:000382751000011
ISSN
1436-6207
DOI
10.1007/s00394-015-1023-x
language
English
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yes
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cd28fffa-0b86-456d-9c30-fe73f66b85be
date added to LUP
2016-12-20 12:20:36
date last changed
2017-10-16 12:48:22
@article{cd28fffa-0b86-456d-9c30-fe73f66b85be,
  abstract     = {<p>Purpose: Various food patterns have been associated with weight change in adults, but it is unknown which combinations of nutrients may account for such observations. We investigated associations between main nutrient patterns and prospective weight change in adults. Methods: This study includes 235,880 participants, 25–70 years old, recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 10 European countries. Intakes of 23 nutrients were estimated from country-specific validated dietary questionnaires using the harmonized EPIC Nutrient DataBase. Four nutrient patterns, explaining 67 % of the total variance of nutrient intakes, were previously identified from principal component analysis. Body weight was measured at recruitment and self-reported 5 years later. The relationship between nutrient patterns and annual weight change was examined separately for men and women using linear mixed models with random effect according to center controlling for confounders. Results: Mean weight gain was 460 g/year (SD 950) and 420 g/year (SD 940) for men and women, respectively. The annual differences in weight gain per one SD increase in the pattern scores were as follows: principal component (PC) 1, characterized by nutrients from plant food sources, was inversely associated with weight gain in men (−22 g/year; 95 % CI −33 to −10) and women (−18 g/year; 95 % CI −26 to −11). In contrast, PC4, characterized by protein, vitamin B2, phosphorus, and calcium, was associated with a weight gain of +41 g/year (95 % CI +2 to +80) and +88 g/year (95 % CI +36 to +140) in men and women, respectively. Associations with PC2, a pattern driven by many micro-nutrients, and with PC3, a pattern driven by vitamin D, were less consistent and/or non-significant. Conclusions: We identified two main nutrient patterns that are associated with moderate but significant long-term differences in weight gain in adults.</p>},
  author       = {Freisling, Heinz and Pisa, Pedro T. and Ferrari, Pietro and Byrnes, Graham and Moskal, Aurelie and Dahm, Christina C. and Vergnaud, Anne Claire and Boutron-Ruault, Marie Christine and Fagherazzi, Guy and Cadeau, Claire and Kühn, Tilman and Neamat-Allah, Jasmine and Buijsse, Brian and Boeing, Heiner and Halkjær, Jytte and Tjonneland, Anne and Hansen, Camilla P. and Quirós, J. Ramón and Travier, Noémie and Molina-Montes, Esther and Amiano, Pilar and Huerta, José M. and Barricarte, Aurelio and Khaw, Kay Tee and Wareham, Nicholas and Key, Tim J. and Romaguera, Dora and Lu, Yunxia and Lassale, Camille M. and Naska, Androniki and Orfanos, Philippos and Trichopoulou, Antonia and Masala, Giovanna and Pala, Valeria and Berrino, Franco and Tumino, Rosario and Ricceri, Fulvio and de Magistris, Maria Santucci and Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas and Ocké, Marga C. and Sonestedt, Emily and Ericson, Ulrika and Johansson, Mattias and Skeie, Guri and Weiderpass, Elisabete and Braaten, Tonje and Peeters, Petra H M and Slimani, Nadia},
  issn         = {1436-6207},
  keyword      = {Dietary patterns,Energy balance,Nutrients,Obesity,Public health,Weight gain},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {2093--2104},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Journal of Nutrition},
  title        = {Main nutrient patterns are associated with prospective weight change in adults from 10 European countries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-015-1023-x},
  volume       = {55},
  year         = {2016},
}