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Impact of Diet Composition on Blood Glucose Regulation

Russell, Wendy R.; Baka, Athanasia; Björck, Inger LU ; Delzenne, Nathalie; Gao, Dan; Griffiths, Helen R.; Hadjilucas, Ellie; Juvonen, Kristiina; Lahtinen, Sampo and Lansink, Mirian, et al. (2016) In Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 56(4). p.541-590
Abstract

Nutritional management of blood glucose levels is a strategic target in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). To implement such an approach, it is essential to understand the effect of food on glycemic regulation and on the underlying metabolic derangements. This comprehensive review summarizes the results from human dietary interventions exploring the impact of dietary components on blood glucose levels. Included are the major macronutrients; carbohydrate, protein and fat, micronutrient vitamins and minerals, nonnutrient phytochemicals and additional foods including low-calorie sweeteners, vinegar, and alcohol. Based on the evidence presented in this review, it is clear that dietary components have... (More)

Nutritional management of blood glucose levels is a strategic target in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). To implement such an approach, it is essential to understand the effect of food on glycemic regulation and on the underlying metabolic derangements. This comprehensive review summarizes the results from human dietary interventions exploring the impact of dietary components on blood glucose levels. Included are the major macronutrients; carbohydrate, protein and fat, micronutrient vitamins and minerals, nonnutrient phytochemicals and additional foods including low-calorie sweeteners, vinegar, and alcohol. Based on the evidence presented in this review, it is clear that dietary components have significant and clinically relevant effects on blood glucose modulation. An integrated approach that includes reducing excess body weight, increased physical activity along with a dietary regime to regulate blood glucose levels will not only be advantages in T2DM management, but will benefit the health of the population and limit the increasing worldwide incidence of T2DM.

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publication status
published
subject
keywords
diabetes, human dietary intervention, insulin resistance, insulin sensitivity, Postprandial glycemia
in
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
volume
56
issue
4
pages
50 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:84961575412
  • wos:000373125300003
ISSN
1040-8398
DOI
10.1080/10408398.2013.792772
language
English
LU publication?
yes
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ea01ecf7-fc92-4b3b-8496-70fe01ea50a1
date added to LUP
2016-07-11 13:48:02
date last changed
2017-09-24 04:59:11
@article{ea01ecf7-fc92-4b3b-8496-70fe01ea50a1,
  abstract     = {<p>Nutritional management of blood glucose levels is a strategic target in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). To implement such an approach, it is essential to understand the effect of food on glycemic regulation and on the underlying metabolic derangements. This comprehensive review summarizes the results from human dietary interventions exploring the impact of dietary components on blood glucose levels. Included are the major macronutrients; carbohydrate, protein and fat, micronutrient vitamins and minerals, nonnutrient phytochemicals and additional foods including low-calorie sweeteners, vinegar, and alcohol. Based on the evidence presented in this review, it is clear that dietary components have significant and clinically relevant effects on blood glucose modulation. An integrated approach that includes reducing excess body weight, increased physical activity along with a dietary regime to regulate blood glucose levels will not only be advantages in T2DM management, but will benefit the health of the population and limit the increasing worldwide incidence of T2DM.</p>},
  author       = {Russell, Wendy R. and Baka, Athanasia and Björck, Inger and Delzenne, Nathalie and Gao, Dan and Griffiths, Helen R. and Hadjilucas, Ellie and Juvonen, Kristiina and Lahtinen, Sampo and Lansink, Mirian and Loon, Luc Van and Mykkänen, Hannu and östman, Elin and Riccardi, Gabriele and Vinoy, Sophie and Weickert, Martin O.},
  issn         = {1040-8398},
  keyword      = {diabetes,human dietary intervention,insulin resistance,insulin sensitivity,Postprandial glycemia},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {541--590},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition},
  title        = {Impact of Diet Composition on Blood Glucose Regulation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2013.792772},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2016},
}