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From Sensations to Concepts : a Proposal for Two Learning Processes

Gärdenfors, Peter LU (2019) In Review of Philosophy and Psychology 10(3). p.441-464
Abstract

This article presents two learning processes in order to explain how children at an early age can transform a complex sensory input to concepts and categories. The first process constructs the perceptual structures that emerge in children’s cognitive development by detecting invariants in the sensory input. The invariant structures involve a reduction in dimensionality of the sensory information. It is argued that this process generates the primary domains of space, objects and actions and that these domains can be represented as conceptual spaces. Once the primary domains have been established, the second process utilizes covariances between different dimensions of the domains in order to identify natural clusters of entities. The... (More)

This article presents two learning processes in order to explain how children at an early age can transform a complex sensory input to concepts and categories. The first process constructs the perceptual structures that emerge in children’s cognitive development by detecting invariants in the sensory input. The invariant structures involve a reduction in dimensionality of the sensory information. It is argued that this process generates the primary domains of space, objects and actions and that these domains can be represented as conceptual spaces. Once the primary domains have been established, the second process utilizes covariances between different dimensions of the domains in order to identify natural clusters of entities. The clusters are then are used to determine concepts as regions in the spaces. As an application, the processes are used to resolve the so-called ‘complex first paradox’ that emerges from the fact that children, in general, learn nouns earlier than adjectives, even though nouns are semantically more complex than adjectives.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Review of Philosophy and Psychology
volume
10
issue
3
pages
24 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85071433501
ISSN
1878-5158
DOI
10.1007/s13164-017-0379-7
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ecfcb00f-f12c-49bd-8467-f921a00140bb
date added to LUP
2019-09-16 14:05:48
date last changed
2019-12-10 08:14:49
@article{ecfcb00f-f12c-49bd-8467-f921a00140bb,
  abstract     = {<p>This article presents two learning processes in order to explain how children at an early age can transform a complex sensory input to concepts and categories. The first process constructs the perceptual structures that emerge in children’s cognitive development by detecting invariants in the sensory input. The invariant structures involve a reduction in dimensionality of the sensory information. It is argued that this process generates the primary domains of space, objects and actions and that these domains can be represented as conceptual spaces. Once the primary domains have been established, the second process utilizes covariances between different dimensions of the domains in order to identify natural clusters of entities. The clusters are then are used to determine concepts as regions in the spaces. As an application, the processes are used to resolve the so-called ‘complex first paradox’ that emerges from the fact that children, in general, learn nouns earlier than adjectives, even though nouns are semantically more complex than adjectives.</p>},
  author       = {Gärdenfors, Peter},
  issn         = {1878-5158},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {441--464},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Review of Philosophy and Psychology},
  title        = {From Sensations to Concepts : a Proposal for Two Learning Processes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13164-017-0379-7},
  doi          = {10.1007/s13164-017-0379-7},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2019},
}